Human Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscle

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dahotstuff30
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296403
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Human Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscle
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2015-02-24 23:20:23
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muscle gluteus urogenial
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Human Anatomy Chapter 11 Axial Muscle
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  1. The axial muscles do all of the following except

    A)originate and insert on bones of the axial skeleton
    B)support and move the head and spinal column
    C)assist in food processing and swallowing
    D)move and stabilize the pelvic and pectoral girdles
    D)move and stabilize the pelvic and pectoral girdles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The axial muscles are organized by location into how many major groups?

    A)three
    B)four
    C)five
    D)six
    C)five
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Specific groups within the muscles of the head and neck include

    A)muscles of facial expression and extrinsic eye muscles
    B)muscles of mastication and muscles that move the tongue
    C)muscles of the pharynx and muscles of the anterior neck
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  4. With few exceptions, muscles of the head and neck originate

    A)in the dermis of the skin covering the face and scalp
    B)on the cervical vertebrae and first rib
    C)on either the skull or the hyoid bone
    D)all of the above
    C)on either the skull or the hyoid bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The epicranius is composed of which of the following?

    A)the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle
    B)the occipital belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle
    C)the epicranial aponeurosis
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  6. The word root gaster most nearly means

    A)muscle
    B)head
    C)belly
    D)body
    C)belly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of these muscles insert into the superficial fascia of the skin?

    A)anterolateral neck muscles
    B)muscles of mastication
    C)posterior neck muscles
    D)muscles of facial expression
    D)muscles of facial expression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The orbicularis oris muscle

    A)draws the lower lip inferiorly
    B)compresses and purses the lips
    C)elevates the corner of the mouth
    D)draws the corner of the lip laterally
    B)compresses and purses the lips
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which muscle pulls the lower lip inferiorly and tenses the skin of the neck?

    A)platysma
    B)mentalis
    C)depressor anguli oris
    D)depressor labii inferioris
    A)platysma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The muscle that closes the eye and produces winking, blinking, and squinting is the

    A)orbicularis oris
    B)orbicularis oculi
    C)superior oblique
    D)superior rectus
    B)orbicularis oculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The muscles of facial expression are innervated by

    A)the trigeminal nerve
    B)the facial nerve
    C)the trochlear nerve
    D)all of the above
    B)the facial nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is not an extrinsic eye muscle?

    A)medial rectus
    B)lateral oblique
    C)superior rectus
    D)inferior oblique
    B)lateral oblique
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which extrinsic eye muscles elevate the eyes?

    A)inferior rectus and superior oblique
    B)superior rectus and inferior oblique
    C)superior rectus only
    D)superior oblique only
    B)superior rectus and inferior oblique
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. All of the following are muscles of mastication except the

    A)masseter
    B)lateral pterygoid
    C)risorius
    D)temporalis
    C)risorius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The muscles of mastication are all innervated by which cranial nerve?

    A)facial
    B)trigeminal
    C)vagus
    D)glossopharyngeal
    B)trigeminal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Names of the extrinsic muscles of the ____________ end with the suffix -glossus.

    A)anterior neck
    B)eye
    C)tongue
    D)pharynx
    C)tongue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The word root geni most nearly means

    A)mouth
    B)tooth
    C)chin
    D)jaw
    C)chin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which muscles initiate swallowing and force the food inferiorly into the esophagus?

    A)the levator veli palatini and tensor veli palatini
    B)the palatopharyngeus and stylopharyngeus
    C)the pharyngeal constrictors
    D)all of the above
    C)the pharyngeal constrictors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The dividing point for the two groups of anterior muscles of the neck is the

    A)hyoid bone
    B)thyroid cartilage
    C)superior end of the trachea
    D)sternum
    A)hyoid bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which muscle elevates the hyoid bone and depresses the mandible?

    A)digastric
    B)mylohyoid
    C)geniohyoid
    D)stylohyoid
    A)digastric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Unilateral contraction of the ____________ results in lateral flexion and rotation of the head to the opposite side; bilateral contraction flexes the head and neck.

    A)sternocleidomastoid
    B)splenius capitis and cervicis
    C)superior oblique
    D)longissimus capitis
    A)sternocleidomastoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The word root splenion, used in the names of two posterior neck muscles, translates to mean

    A)slanting
    B)bandage
    C)neck
    D)uneven
    B)bandage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The three large, complex groups of muscles that extend or laterally flex the vertebral column are collectively called the ____________ muscles.

    A)iliocostalis
    B)spinalis
    C)erector spinae
    D)longissimus
    C)erector spinae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The rotatores are small muscles in the ____________ group that are named for one of their actions.

    A)erector spinae
    B)iliocostalis
    C)transversospinalis
    D)semispinalis
    C)transversospinalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which muscles elevate the ribs in respiration?

    A)serratus posterior inferior and internal intercostals
    B)diaphragm and transversus thoracis
    C)serratus posterior superior and external intercostals
    D)all of the above
    C)serratus posterior superior and external intercostals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following muscles reinforce the anterolateral wall of the abdomen?

    A)rectus abdominis
    B)internal and external oblique
    C)transversus abdominis
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  27. The region between the lower appendages, bounded by the pubic symphysis, coccyx, and ischial tuberosities, is called the

    A)pelvic diaphragm
    B)anal triangle
    C)urogenital triangle
    D)perineum
    D)perineum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Muscles of the pelvic floor perform which of the following functions?

    A)support the pelvic viscera
    B)assist erection of the penis or clitoris
    C)help control defecation and urination
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  29. All of the following are superficial muscles of the urogenital triangle except the

    A)ischiocavernosus
    B)external urethral sphincter
    C)bulbospongiosus
    D)superficial transverse perineal
    B)external urethral sphincter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The deep transverse perineal and external urethral sphincter are collectively called the

    A)urogenital diaphragm
    B)anal triangle
    C)pelvic diaphragm
    D)levator ani
    A)urogenital diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which extrinsic tongue muscle is not innervated by the hypoglossal nerve?

    A)genioglossus
    B)palatoglossus
    C)styloglossus
    D)hyoglossus
    B)palatoglossus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The most numerous facial muscles are associated with the

    A)oral region
    B)orbital region
    C)nasal and otic regions
    D)frontal and mental regions
    A)oral region
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The extrinsic eye muscles are innervated by which cranial nerves?

    A)V, VI, VII, and VIII
    B)II, V, IX, and X
    C)I, II, and VII
    D)III, IV, and VI
    C)I, II, and VII
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which extrinsic eye muscles are synergistic in lateromedial movements of the eye but antagonistic in elevation and depression?

    A)inferior rectus and superior rectus
    B)both pairs b and c
    C)inferior oblique and superior oblique
    D)medial rectus and lateral rectus
    B)both pairs b and c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. If a person bilaterally contracts both medial rectus muscles, the eyes

    A)roll to the left
    B)abduct slightly
    C)roll to the right
    D)adduct ("cross")
    D)adduct ("cross")
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. If a doctor asked you to contract your genioglossus muscles, you would oblige by

    A)coughing
    B)bending forward
    C)sticking out your tongue
    D)laterally flexing your neck
    C)sticking out your tongue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which action is performed by the same muscles that cause a rushing sound inside the ears by opening the auditory tubes?

    A)elevation of the pharynx
    B)tensing of the soft palate
    C)constriction of the pharynx
    D)elevation of the soft palate
    B)tensing of the soft palate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Although antagonists and members of different specific groups, both of the muscles innervated by the first cervical spinal nerve via cranial nerve XII insert on the

    A)soft palate
    B)lateral wall of the pharynx
    C)hyoid bone
    D)thyroid cartilage
    C)hyoid bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. In one of its actions, the little ____________ muscle opposes the entire group of ____________.

    A)digastric; muscles of mastication
    B)buccinator; extrinsic eye muscles
    C)medial pterygoid; extrinsic tongue muscles
    D)styloglossus; pharyngeal constrictors
    A)digastric; muscles of mastication
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of these muscles can act bilaterally to produce the same movement or unilaterally to produce opposite movements?

    A)sternothyroid
    B)lateral rectus
    C)longissimus capitis
    D)omohyoid
    C)longissimus capitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The suboccipital nerve innervates which of the following muscles?

    A)splenius capitis and cervicis
    B)pharyngeal constrictors
    C)oblique and rectus muscles of the neck
    D)laryngeal elevators and palate muscles
    C)oblique and rectus muscles of the neck
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which muscle is antagonistic to the unilateral action of the left sternocleidomastoid?

    A)the right splenius cervicis
    B)the left splenius capitis
    C)the right longissimus capitis
    D)none of the above
    B)the left splenius capitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which muscles can act synergistically with either the sternocleidomastoids or, to a limited extent, with the external intercostals?

    A)splenius
    B)scalenes
    C)interspinales
    D)serratus posterior superior
    B)scalenes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The ____________ muscles are antagonistic to the inferior portions of the erector spinae.

    A)longissimus
    B)multifidus
    C)interspinales
    D)rectus abdominis
    D)rectus abdominis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The only muscle of mastication that retracts the mandible is the

    A)lateral pterygoid
    B)masseter
    C)temporalis
    D)medial pterygoid
    C)temporalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which extensor of the neck is primarily an appendicular muscle?

    A)splenius cervicis
    B)semispinalis capitis
    C)longissimus capitis
    D)trapezius
    D)trapezius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which muscle originates on the petrous region of the temporal bone and is innervated by the vagus nerve (CN X)?

    A)levator veli palatini
    B)salpingopharyngeus
    C)tensor veli palatini
    D)palatoglossus
    A)levator veli palatini
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which muscle has two bellies but is innervated by a single nerve from the cervical plexus?

    A)stylopharyngeus
    B)sternohyoid
    C)omohyoid
    D)digastric
    C)omohyoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. All of the muscles in which of the following groups insert on a "median raphe"?

    A)pharyngeal constrictors
    B)urogenital diaphragm
    C)levator ani
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  50. The names "superior oblique" and "inferior oblique" refer to muscles of which two muscle groups?

    A)muscles of the anterior neck and abdominal wall
    B)muscles of facial expression and posterior neck muscles
    C)extraocular and suboccipital muscles
    D)extrinsic muscles of the eye and tongue
    C)extraocular and suboccipital muscles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Of the following muscles, which are located deepest in the body?

    A)transversus abdominis
    B)ischiocavernosus
    C)internal obliques
    D)external intercostals
    A)transversus abdominis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The adage, "C3, 4, and 5 keep you alive," refers to the vital innervation of what muscle?

    A)transversus thoracis
    B)superior constrictor
    C)diaphragm
    D)transversus abdominis
    C)diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Injury of the ____________ nerve prevents lateral movement of the eye and thus causes ____________ strabismus.

    A)abducens; internal
    B)trochlear; external
    C)oculomotor; external
    D)oculomotor; internal
    A)abducens; internal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What is "linea nigra" that sometimes occurs as a consequence of pregnancy?

    A)a scar in the perineal region that marks the site of an episiotomy
    B)a distinct separation of the left and right rectus muscles and sheaths
    C)a darkened linea alba that is visible along the midline of the abdomen
    D)a form of stretch mark that gradually becomes darker after delivery
    C)a darkened linea alba that is visible along the midline of the abdomen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. All of the following accurately describe hernias except

    A)indirect inguinal hernias may result from a congenital anomaly
    B)they always occur at a weak point in the abdominopelvic wall
    C)women develop femoral hernias more commonly than men do
    D)although sometimes painful, hernias are never life-threatening
    D)although sometimes painful, hernias are never life-threatening
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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