Human Anatomy Chapter 12 Appendicular Muscles

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dahotstuff30
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Human Anatomy Chapter 12 Appendicular Muscles
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2015-02-25 00:01:03
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muscle appendicular pectoral firdle deltoid seeratus
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Human Anatomy (McKinley) Chapter 12 Appendicular Muscles McKinley
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  1. The appendicular muscles

    A)stabilize the pectoral and pelvic girdles
    B)control the movements of the upper and lower limbs
    C)work in groups that are either synergistic or antagonistic
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  2. Muscles of the pectoral girdle and upper limbs are organized into all of the following groupsexcept

    A)muscles that move the pectoral girdle
    B)intrinsic muscles of the forearm
    C)intrinsic muscles of the hand
    D)muscles that move the glenohumeral joint
    B)intrinsic muscles of the forearm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which muscle is the prime mover in protraction of the scapula?

    A)subclavius
    B)levator scapulae
    C)serratus anterior
    D)pectoralis minor
    C)serratus anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which muscle extends, adducts, and medially rotates the arm?

    A)pectoralis major
    B)teres minor
    C)deltoid
    D)latissimus dorsi
    D)latissimus dorsi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. In terms of adduction and abduction of the arm, which muscle opposes the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi?

    A)teres major
    B)infraspinatus
    C)coracobrachialis
    D)deltoid
    D)deltoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The ____________ assists the subscapularis in medial rotation of the arm.

    A)deltoid (posterior fibers)
    B)triceps brachii (long head)
    C)teres major
    D)teres minor
    C)teres major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. All of the following are rotator cuff muscles except the

    A)teres major
    B)subscapularis
    C)teres minor
    D)supraspinatus
    A)teres major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Of all the scapular muscles, the only one that flexes and adducts the arm is the

    A)teres major
    B)supraspinatus
    C)infraspinatus
    D)coracobrachialis
    D)coracobrachialis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which muscle is the prime mover in extension of the elbow?

    A)brachialis
    B)biceps brachii
    C)triceps brachii
    D)anconeus
    C)triceps brachii
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which action is performed my most muscles in the posterior compartment of the forearm?

    A)supination
    B)flexion
    C)extension
    D)pronation
    C)extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Most of the forearm muscles in the anterior compartment originate on the

    A)lateral side of the radius, near the proximal end
    B)proximal half of the ulna
    C)medial epicondyle of the humerus
    D)lateral epicondyle of the humerus
    C)medial epicondyle of the humerus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of these muscles does not move the wrist?
    A)abductor pollicis longus
    B)abductor pollicis brevis
    C)extensor carpi ulnaris
    D)flexor carpi radialis
    B)abductor pollicis brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Muscles of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs are grouped by all of the following criteria except

    A)intrinsic muscles of the foot
    B)thigh muscles that move the knee joint/leg
    C)muscles that move the hip joint/thigh
    D)muscles that move the pelvic girdle
    D)muscles that move the pelvic girdle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The tensor fasciae latae

    A)originates on the iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine
    B)inserts on the iliotibial tract of the fascia lata
    C)abducts and medially rotates the thigh
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  15. Which muscle extends and laterally rotates the thigh?

    A)gluteus maximus
    B)iliopsoas
    C)semimembranosus
    D)semitendinosus
    A)gluteus maximus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Both the gluteus minimus and the gluteus medius abduct and ____________ the thigh at the hip joint.

    A)medially rotate
    B)extend
    C)flex
    D)laterally rotate
    A)medially rotate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What is the sole action of all five deep muscles of the gluteal region?

    A)lateral rotation of the thigh
    B)medial rotation of the thigh
    C)adduction of the thigh
    D)extension of the thigh
    A)lateral rotation of the thigh
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which thigh adductor has an origin on the ischial tuberosity?

    A)adductor magnus
    B)adductor longus
    C)pectineus
    D)gracilis
    A)adductor magnus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The anterior thigh muscles that extend the leg are collectively called the

    A)quadriceps femoris
    B)vastus group
    C)hamstrings
    D)rectus femoris
    A)quadriceps femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The ____________ all insert on the tibial tuberosity (by way of the patella).

    A)extensors of the hip joint
    B)flexors of the hip joint
    C)flexors of the knee joint
    D)extensors of the knee joint
    D)extensors of the knee joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. All of the hamstring muscles work together in which actions?

    A)flexing the thigh and extending the leg
    B)extending and medially rotating the leg
    C)flexing and laterally rotating the leg
    D)extending the thigh and flexing the leg
    D)extending the thigh and flexing the leg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The only quadriceps muscle that moves both the hip and knee joints is the

    A)rectus femoris
    B)vastus medialis
    C)vastus lateralis
    D)vastus intermedius
    A)rectus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which muscle performs most of the actions required to cross one’s legs?

    A)sartorius
    B)adductor longus
    C)iliopsoas
    D)pectineus
    A)sartorius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The posterior muscles of the leg

    A)evert and dorsiflex the foot
    B)dorsiflex the foot and extend the toes
    C)plantar flex the foot and flex the toes
    D)extend the leg and plantar flex the foot
    C)plantar flex the foot and flex the toes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which superficial leg muscle has two bellies that compose the calf?

    A)gastrocnemius
    B)plantaris
    C)soleus
    D)tibialis posterior
    A)gastrocnemius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The tibialis anterior opposes the soleus by performing which action?

    A)plantar flexion
    B)eversion
    C)dorsiflexion
    D)inversion
    C)dorsiflexion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The tibialis anterior and tibialis posterior act synergistically to ____________ the foot.

    A)plantar flex
    B)dorsiflex
    C)evert
    D)invert
    D)invert
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which leg muscles work together to evert the foot?

    A)flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus
    B)fibularis longus and fibularis brevis
    C)gastrocnemius and soleus
    D)extensor digitorum longus and extensor hallucis longus
    B)fibularis longus and fibularis brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. How many layers of intrinsic muscles are on the plantar surface of the foot?

    A)three
    B)five
    C)four
    D)two
    C)four
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The dorsal interossei ____________ the toes, while the plantar interossei ____________ the toes.

    A)adduct; abduct
    B)flex; extend
    C)abduct; adduct
    D)extend; flex
    C)abduct; adduct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Muscles with origins on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus

    A)include the anconeus and supinator
    B)are mostly extensors
    C)are innervated by the radial nerve
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  32. Except for the deepest layer, the anterior muscles of the antebrachial region

    A)assist in supinating the forearm
    B)extend the wrist and fingers
    C)originate mostly on the medial epicondyle of the humerus
    D)all of the above
    C)originate mostly on the medial epicondyle of the humeru
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which muscle of the upper limb inserts onto specialized areas of deep fascia rather than bone?

    A)palmaris longus
    B)pronator teres
    C)triceps brachii
    D)adductor pollicis
    A)palmaris longus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which joint has the most flexors?

    A)wrist
    B)glenohumeral
    C)elbow
    D)knee
    D)knee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which muscles allow you to shrug your shoulders?

    A)levator scapulae
    B)supraspinatus
    C)pectoralis major
    D)latissimus dorsi
    A)levator scapulae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which action is performed by the most muscles at the hip joint?

    A)flexion
    B)extension
    C)lateral rotation
    D)adduction
    C)lateral rotation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Of the following, which muscles are antagonists to the subscapularis?

    A)infraspinatus and teres minor
    B)pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi
    C)coracobrachialis and teres major
    D)all of the above
    A)infraspinatus and teres minor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. All of the following accurately describe movements of the thumb except

    A)extension increases the angle between the trapezium and first metacarpal
    B)adduction involves an angular movement at the first carpometacarpal joint
    C)abduction increases the distance between the thumb and the index finger
    D)opposition swings the thumb across the palm toward the tips of digits 2-5
    A)extension increases the angle between the trapezium and first metacarpal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which muscle contributes most directly to the careers of boxers?

    A)rhomboid major
    B)serratus anterior
    C)pectoralis major
    D)trapezius
    B)serratus anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In the lower limb, hip flexors insert ____________ on the thigh, while knee flexors insert ____________ on the leg.

    A)posteriorly; anteriorly
    B)anteriorly; posteriorly
    C)laterally; medially
    D)medially; laterally
    B)anteriorly; posteriorly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which muscle has the same actions as the tensor fasciae latae and is a frequent site of intramuscular injections?

    A)gluteus minimus
    B)biceps femoris
    C)gluteus maximus
    D)gluteus medius
    D)gluteus medius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which action is performed by the most muscles at the wrist?

    A)flexion
    B)abduction
    C)adduction
    D)extension
    D)extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The gastrocnemius and soleus are like the psoas major and iliacus in that each pair

    A)shares a tendon of insertion and is often regarded as a single muscle
    B)is innervated by nerves arising from the lumbar plexus (L2-L3)
    C)composes the anterior compartment of its respective limb segment
    D)all of the above
    A)shares a tendon of insertion and is often regarded as a single muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The only muscles that flex both the thigh and the leg are the

    A)psoas major and iliacus
    B)sartorius and gracilis
    C)hamstrings
    D)rectus femoris and pectineus
    B)sartorius and gracilis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What is the only muscle that flexes the thigh and extends the leg?

    A)rectus femoris
    B)semimembranosus
    C)biceps femoris
    D)sartorius
    A)rectus femoris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Of the following, which two muscles are antagonists to different actions of the gluteus maximus?

    A)adductor longus and sartorius
    B)iliopsoas and gluteus minimus
    C)gluteus medius and gluteus minimus
    D)biceps femoris and gracilis
    B)iliopsoas and gluteus minimus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The name of the ____________ indirectly refers to the muscle's role in crossing one's legs.

    A)gracilis
    B)pectineus
    C)piriformis
    D)sartorius
    D)sartorius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which statement is false regarding the quadriceps tendon and patellar ligament?

    A)the quadriceps tendon attaches the quadriceps muscle to the patella
    B)they are really a single connective tissue band subdivided by a sesamoid bone
    C)the patellar ligament attaches the patella to the tibial tuberosity
    D)the two develop separately in the embryo and later join at the patella
    D)the two develop separately in the embryo and later join at the patella
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The thenar muscles are all innervated by the ____________ nerve; the hypothenar muscles, by the ____________ nerve.

    A)ulnar; median
    B)ulnar; radial
    C)median; ulnar
    D)radial; ulnar
    C)median; ulnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which muscle is the primary antagonist of the muscles that insert on the calcaneus?

    A)tibialis anterior
    B)fibularis brevis
    C)fibularis longus
    D)tibialis posterior
    A)tibialis anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Because the two heads of the ____________ share a common tendon of insertion with the ____________, these muscles are collectively called the triceps surae.

    A)biceps brachii; brachialis
    B)biceps femoris; semitendinosus
    C)gastrocnemius; soleus
    D)iliacus; psoas major
    C)gastrocnemius; soleus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which muscle pulls obliquely on another muscle's tendons to prevent the toes from flexing at an angle?

    A)quadratus plantae
    B)flexor digitorum longus
    C)flexor digitorum brevis
    D)adductor hallucis
    A)quadratus plantae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Carpal tunnel syndrome results from compression of either the median nerve or the tendons in the narrow space between the carpal bones and the

    A)flexor retinaculum
    B)fascia lata
    C)interosseous membrane
    D)extensor retinaculum
    A)flexor retinaculum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What causes compartment syndrome?

    A)pressure on nerves within the compartment of a retinaculum
    B)strained tendons of the muscles in a muscular compartment
    C)swollen muscles that compress blood vessels in a limb compartment
    D)ischemia resulting from clots in vessels outside a limb compartment
    C)swollen muscles that compress blood vessels in a limb compartment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. On the foot as well as the hand, the dorsal interossei ____________ the digits.

    A)extend
    B)flex
    C)abduct
    D)adduct
    C)abduct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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