RMA Chapter 23 #2

Card Set Information

RMA Chapter 23 #2
2010-08-11 20:01:02
RMA chapter

Medical Assistant Review
Show Answers:

  1. What percentage of the body is involved in a burn that covers one arm and the head of an adult?
    A. 1%
    B. 9%
    C. 18%
    D. 36%
    E. 40%
  2. The good samaritan low explicitly allows medical assistants:
    A. To administer first aid whithin the scope of their competence
    B. To call the EMS system and stay with the victum until EMS personnel arrive
    C. To act freely in an emergancy situation to save the victim's life
    D. To diagnose the patient at the scene of an accident or emergancy
    E. Only to call the EMS system and wait for authorized personnwl but not to touch or communicate with the accident victim
  3. In emergency childbirth, at what point should the umbilical cord be tied and cut?
    A. When the infant is fully out
    B. Within 10 minutes of birth
    C. When the infant starts breathing
    D. When the mother and baby get to the hospital
    E. When the baby is ready to nurse
  4. To treat frostbite, a medical assistant can:
    A. Massage the affected area gently
    B. Rub tge affected area with a warmed towel
    C. Keep the patient's head and shoulders slightly elevated
    D. Wash the area with soap and water
    E. Place warm clothing and blankets around the affected area
  5. Which of the following are symptoms of heatstroke?
    A. The body tingles, and the patient feels pain
    B. There is a white, waxy, or grayish yellow build up on the skin, and the patient has a high body temperature.
    C. The skin feels moist and hot, and the patient feels dizzy, with a possibly altered mental state
    D. The pulse is rapid, the skin is hot and dry,a nd the patient feels weak
    E. The patient has a strange metallic taste in his or her mouth and feels hot
  6. When treating a second degree burn, a medical assistant should
    A. Break blister to releive the patient's pain
    B. Immerse the burned area in cold water
    C. Remove charred or adhered clotting
    D. Apply medical ointments to the affected area
    E. Apply a wet, sterile dressing
  7. When Bill Williams scratched his skin, he most likely got a(n)
    A. Incision
    B. Laceration
    C. Abraision
    D. Puncture
    E. Bruise
  8. Irreversible brain damage can be causes by tissue anokia lasting
    A. more than 2 minutes
    B. more than 3 minutes
    C. more than 6 minutes
    D. more than 45 minutes
    E. more than 3 hours
  9. Which of the following is a correct way to treat a snakebite
    A. Administer acticated charcoal
    B. Walk the patient to the hospital
    C. Suction the wound and apply ice
    D. Immobilize the bittena rea and wash it with soap and water
    E. Cut out the affected area
  10. If a patient is bleeding from the lower arm and direct pressure and elevation do not stop the bleeding, where should pressure be applied?
    A. radial - ulnar artery
    B. bracheal artery
    C. subclavian artery
    D. carotid artery
  11. One possible cause of stroke is
    A. occlusion in the brain by a thrombus
    B. decreased cerebral blood flow
    C. ingested poisons
    D. hypocalemia
    E. hyperthermia
  12. White, waxy or grayish yellow skin that also feels crusty and softness in thissue beneath the skin could indicate
    A. heatstroke
    B. frostbite
    C. contusion
    D. hypothermia
    E. shock
  13. Which of the following is apossible treatment of syncope?
    A. having the patient lower his or her head between the legs
    B. laying the patient flat on the patient's back with the feet slightly elevated
    C. Loosening tight clothing and applying a cold cloth to the patient's face
    D. Both B and C
    E. all of the above
  14. The Heimlich maneuver is used for which of the following?
    A. convulsions
    B. Epistaxis
    C. Hematemesis
    D. Shock
    E. chocking
  15. Anaphylactic shock occurs following
    A. hemorrhage
    B. allergic reaction
    C. toxemia of pregnancy
    D. cardiac arrest
    E. none of the above
  16. Which of the following should not be done by a patient with a concussion?
    A. eat
    B. take aspirin
    C. take acetaminophen
    D. rest
    E. gradually resume normal activities
  17. The most severe and major complications for burn victims is
    A. pain
    B. anemia
    C. infection
    D. malignant fever
    E. both B and C
  18. Which of the following should not be done when a patient complains of abdominal pain
    A. have the patient lie on the back
    B. apply heat to the patients abdomen
    C. have the patient flex the knees
    D. monitoe the patient's pulse
    E. check for signs of shock
  19. Closed wounds are called
    A. bruises or conntusions
    B. laceration
    C. abrasion
    D. scrapes
    E. none of the above
  20. When administering CPR, how many compressions should you do?
    A. 15 in 1 minute
    B. 20 in 1 minute
    C. 25 in 1 minute
    D. 60 in 1 minute
    E. 30 in 2 minutes
  21. According to Good samaritan laws
    A. emergency care is required of all medical personnel in all situation
    B. emergency care is permitted only with the verbal consent of the patient
    C. emergency care is permitted when it is within the scope of competence of the person
    D. possible negligence is never a factor in providing emergency care
    E. both B and D
  22. Chest pain might indicate
    A. cocaine use
    B. Myocardial infarction
    C. epistaxis
    D. both B and C
    E. both A and B
  23. When you suspect neck injury, what action should you take to open the patient's airway before administering rescue breathing?
    A. place your mouth over the patient's nose and blow air into it until the patients chest rises
    B. Put your fingers behind the jawbone just below the ear and push the jaw forward
    C. wait fir the EMS personnel, and do not administer rescue breathing
    D. hold the patient's neck rididly while you lift the patient's chin up and push back on the forehead
    E. Open an airway in the patient's neck with a sterile instrument
  24. Treat hypoglycemis by
    A. administering glucose
    B. giving the patient plain orange juice
    C. loosening the patient's restrictive clothing and elevating the patient's head
    D. administering immunization as soon as possible
    E.none of the above
  25. What is the best location to check the pulse of a 48 year old male who is unconscious and not breathing?
    A. at the radial artery of the wrist
    B. at the brachial artery of the arm
    C. at the carotid artery of the neck
    D. on the chest, directly over the heart
    E. at the temples of the head
  26. An adult is un sudden cardiac arrest. Which of the following gives the victim the best chance of survival?
    A. CPR performed by EMS personnel immediately upon arrivial at the vctim's side
    B. immediate CPR and defibrillation within no more than 3 to 5 minutes
    C. defibrillation in 10 minutes with or without CPR
    D. immediate CPR with defibrillation in 10 minutes
    E. injection of adrenaline followed by CPR
  27. Which of the following describes the best way to deliver rescue breaths with a pocket mask, but without additional oxygen?
    A. reduce the volume and duration of breaths from the volume and duration you would provide with mouth to mouth ventilation
    B. provide approximately the same volume as you with mouth to mouth ventilation ( with a volume suffeicent to make the chest rise), and deliver the breaths over 2 seconds
    C. increase your air volume and duration of breaths
    D. give 3 breaths between series of compressions
    E. give 10 breaths between serious of compressions
  28. You are babysitting your infant nephew. You are alone and find your nephew unresponsive. Which of the following is the best action?
    A. check for signs of circulation, and if there are none call 911
    B. Phone 911 immediately to ensure that advanced life support is on the way, and then return to the infant to begin the ABCs of CPR
    C. give 2 rescue breaths, if there is no response to the rescue breaths, then phone 911
    D. Begin the ABC's of CPR and the then phone 911 after 1 minute
    E. check for signs of circulation, give 2 rescue breaths then phone 911
  29. A 26 year old women has swallowed an overdose of prescribed sleeping pils. She is now unresponsive. When you open her airway you fine that she is gasping for breath and is not breathing normally at all. Using a pocket mask you provide 2 breaths and check for signs of circulation, including her pulse which is rapid but weak. What should you do next?
    A. Provide rescue breathing at a rate of one breath every 5 seconds
    B. begin chest compressions because her pulse is weak
    C. place the victim in the recovery position
    D. perform CPR for 1 minute with chest compressions only
    E. Give two more rescue breaths, place the victim in the recovery position, then perform CPR for 2 minutes.
  30. Which of the following statements best describe the problems that are most commonly present in children or infants whose condition deteriorates to cardiac arrest?
    A. most cardiac arrests in children are sudden and are caused by an inherted form of heart disease
    B. most cardiac arrests in children are preceded by servere airway and breathing problems, or shock
    C. most cardiac arrests in infants and children are caused by electric shock from appliances
    D. most cardiac arrests in infants and children are caused by severe head injuries
    E. most cardiac arrests in children develop very slowly overtime, usually due to toxins in the envirinment
  31. You are providing rescue breathing to an unresponsive, nonbreathing child who shows signs of circulation. How often should you provide rescue breaths for this child?
    A. one every 3 seconds (20 breaths per minute)
    B. once every 4 seconds (15 breaths per minute)
    C. once every 5 seconds (12 breaths per minute)
    D. once every 10 seconds ( 6 breaths per minute)
    E. once every 12 seconds ( 5 breaths per minute)
  32. Your are alone, provide CPR for a 3 year old child. Which of the followinf describes the correct technique you should follow in performing chest compressions on this child.
    A. use both haands, one on top of the other
    B. use the heel of the hand
    C. use the tip of two fingers
    D. use the palm and fingers of one hand
    E. use the tip of three fingers
  33. Which of the following is the correct ratio of compressions to ventilations for child or infant CPR?
    A. 10 to 2
    B. 12 to 2
    C. 5 to 1
    D. 15 to 2
    E. 10 to 1