# Critical Reasoning

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1. Types - Major
Find the assumption - missing logic gap

Draw a conclusion - answer is close to text (sounds boring)

Strengthen the conclusion

Weaken the conclusion
2. Question Types - Minor
• Restate the conclusion
• Evaluate the conclusion

• Analyze the arguement structure
• Mimic the arguement

• Explain an event or discrepancy
• Provides an example
• Resolve a problem
3. "Except" questions
Rephrase "except" into the question, insert the word "NOT"

"Which one does NOT explain event X?"
4. Answer Choice w Boundary & Extreme words
A correct answer choice must be 100% true

• Extreme words - make the arguement very broad or far reaching
• - large or ridicously small difference
• - use conclusion and the question to elimiate the choice
• - Ex: always, never, all, none, never

• Boundary - limit the scope
• - include in diagram (underline or capitalize)
5. CR structure
• PREMISE + (Assumptions) = Conclusion
• (stated info) + (unstated, necessary to reach conclusion) = (main point)
6. Finding the assumption
Necessary, but not sufficient...this will make the conclusion somewhat likely to be true

• Negated assumption - if the assumption is NOT reasonable, makes the arguement sound nonsensical
• ~ answer choice is almost certainly correct
7. Types of assumption

(1 of 4)
• Serve as a "logic gap" => tend to be fact based or provide background info
• P + _ => C
8. Types of assumption (2 of 4)
Establish the premise

reflects the opinion or claims=> occur in the way the arguement will assume it will

• P1 + P2 => C
• ---
• A
9. Types of assumption (3 of 4)
Eliminate alt paths to reach a given conclusion

~ only one correct assumption in the answer choice

X --> Z (not Y)
10. Types of assumption (4 of 4)
Cause & effect => eliminate casualty in the other direction

X --> Z because Z # X
11. Draw a conclusion
 Author: b.redsangria ID: 29655 Card Set: Critical Reasoning Updated: 2010-08-12 01:46:08 Tags: GMAT Folders: Description: CR principles Show Answers: