# Critical Reasoning

 The flashcards below were created by user b.redsangria on FreezingBlue Flashcards. Types - Major Find the assumption - missing logic gap Draw a conclusion - answer is close to text (sounds boring) Strengthen the conclusion Weaken the conclusion Question Types - Minor Restate the conclusionEvaluate the conclusion Analyze the arguement structureMimic the arguement Explain an event or discrepancy Provides an exampleResolve a problem "Except" questions Rephrase "except" into the question, insert the word "NOT" "Which one does NOT explain event X?" Answer Choice w Boundary & Extreme words A correct answer choice must be 100% true Extreme words - make the arguement very broad or far reaching - large or ridicously small difference- use conclusion and the question to elimiate the choice- Ex: always, never, all, none, never Boundary - limit the scope - include in diagram (underline or capitalize) CR structure PREMISE + (Assumptions) = Conclusion (stated info) + (unstated, necessary to reach conclusion) = (main point) Finding the assumption Necessary, but not sufficient...this will make the conclusion somewhat likely to be true Negated assumption - if the assumption is NOT reasonable, makes the arguement sound nonsensical ~ answer choice is almost certainly correct Types of assumption (1 of 4) Serve as a "logic gap" => tend to be fact based or provide background info P + _ => C Types of assumption (2 of 4) Establish the premise reflects the opinion or claims=> occur in the way the arguement will assume it will P1 + P2 => C ---A Types of assumption (3 of 4) Eliminate alt paths to reach a given conclusion ~ only one correct assumption in the answer choice X --> Z (not Y) Types of assumption (4 of 4) Cause & effect => eliminate casualty in the other direction X --> Z because Z # X Draw a conclusion Authorb.redsangria ID29655 Card SetCritical Reasoning DescriptionCR principles Updated2010-08-12T01:46:08Z Show Answers