ENGL 240 Test 2

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  1. Frederick Douglass
    • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas
    • -told in first person
    • -story of life as a slave and escape
  2. Harriet Jacobs
    • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
    • told in 1st person
    • lives in attic for seven years
  3. Walt Whitman
    • Song of Myself
    • short stanzas
    • told in 1st person
  4. Emily Dickenson
    • 39 or I never lost as much but twice
    • 269 or Wild Nights-Wild Nights!
    • 372 or After great pain, a formal feeling comes
    • 620 or Much Madness is divinest Sense
    • 1263 or Tell all the Truth
  5. Ezra Pound
    Poly Learn
    • A Retrospect
    • -story about rules
    • In a Station of the Metro
    • -2 line poem
  6. Wallace Stevens
    • The Emperor of Ice Cream
    • Poem
  7. Edna St. Vicent Millay
    Poly Learn
    • I being born a Woman
    • Poem
  8. H.D. (Hilda Doolittle)
    Poly Learn
    • Sea Rose
    • Poem about roses
  9. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    The Great Gatsby
  10. Abolitionism
    • slavery increases from 675,000-> 4 million
    • 17th century-># at beginning of Civil War
    • abolitionism is as old as slavery
    • split between abolitionists who want to continue fighting slowly and those who think drastic measures should be taken
  11. Missouri Compromise
    prevented slavery from expanding west
  12. Frederick Douglas
    • Most important AA voice in 19th century
    • Father was a slave holder
    • Escaped when he was 20
    • Started own newspaper
  13. Narrative of the Life (Frederick Douglas)
    • The story of a self-reliant, self-made man (but title & preface & recall Wheatley)
    • Purpose: to end slavery, to compel them to do something about it
    • Audience: Northern (South was set in ways) white (not black because illiterate), Enlightened christians
  14. Strategies to Narrative of the Life
    • Specific details (names and addresses)
    • Heroism
    • Debunking popular myths south created for north (spiritual and holidays)
    • Appall and horrify
    • Threat to "natural" family values
    • Threat to Christianity
    • Appeal to law and reason
    • Expose slavery as a process
  15. Harriet Jacobs
    • A true pioneer: first African American woman to write slave narrative
    • Audience: White christian women of the north
    • Purpose: To end slavery by recruiting women specifically to the cause
  16. Harriet Jacobs Strategies
    • Family: her life described perfectly mirrors family lifestyle of audience
    • Communicate the struggles of a woman slave
    • Never spoke directly to audience
    • Had children as a line of defense
    • Uses Golden Rule (proves she knows the Bible)
    • Chastity-violates code of 19th century to protect herself
    • Delineate particular burdens for women in slavery
  17. Walt Whitman
    • Radical democracy (one voice, one vote)
    • believes people are fundamentally good
    • "Free-Soiler"- limit expansion of slavery
    • NY city working class
    • Free verse
  18. How Walt Whitman is like Emerson
    • Celebrates human divinity
    • Imagines a time and space transcendent unity
    • But: celebrates the body and imagines it as divine
  19. Walt Whitman "Song of Myself"
    Speaker, Themes
    • Dynamic document of his growth as a poet and person
    • The Speaker: omniscient and transcendent "I"; I->Us; wants to connect with us; channel nature
    • Themes: emphasis on the "present", now rather than later; repudiation of "social forms/conformity
  20. Whitmanian Promise
    Will possess origin of all poetry, good of the earth, will know what it means to be a member of the universe. Will live a first hand life, not a second or third.
  21. Emily Dickenson
    • Godmother of poetry 
    • Calvinist Background
    • A private poet; sought publication but kept them to herself and close friends
  22. Modernity
    • Technological progress (trains, cars, newspaper)
    • Social Progress (women's suffrage)
    • Sense of newness in 20th century
  23. Modernism
    • Aesthetic response to modernity
    • Literary modernism; art seems to not only reflect but also intervene
  24. Dating Modernism
    • 1. Expansive: slow growing and indebted to 19th century
    • 2. Historical: inter-war phenomenon
    • 3. Aesthetic: begins with imagism (Pound)
  25. Modernism vs. Other English 240 "-isms"
    • WW1=massive break
    • -tragically "new" and unfamiliar
    • -modernity was put into war
    • vs.Puritanism (what kind of God would let this happen)
    • vs. Enlightenment (humans= "reasonable")
    • vs. Transcendentalism (humans = "divine"?)
  26. Modernist Conclusion
    • A New world Requires New Art
    • Artistic Self-consciousness
    • Formal
    • Radical ironies
    • Emphasis on reader responsibility
  27. Imagism and Ezra Pound
    • A brainchild
    • Beginning of literary modernism
    • Reaction to free verse
    • Establish poetry on same terms as visual art
    • Creating truly "modern" poetry
  28. What is an image (Imagism and Ezra Pound)
    What does an Imagist poem do?
    • An image is that which presents and intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time
    • Intellectual+Emotional= complex
    • Gives reader a "sense of sudden liberation"
    • Helps reader transcend time 
    • Sudden growth
    • Criticisms: apolitical and escapist
  29. Pounds "In a station of the Metro"
    • Living in Paris and went to Metro station during rush hour 
    • Chaos and felt something
    • Was originally 60 lines but cut down for readers to enjoy
    • 1st line= ssh sound as if sshing audience
    • 2nd line= is clearer and harsher
  30. H.D's Sea Rose
    • H.D.= Hilda Doolittle
    • Example of modernist irony
    • A celebration of the ugly and real over the beautiful and artificial
  31. Millay's "I being born a woman and born distressed"
    • The old woman: covered head to toe in clothes, taking care of child
    • The new woman: reading (cares about world) improper posture, non conformity
  32. Sonnet
    • 14 lines
    • Iambic pentameter
    • Rhyme scheme
    • 8/6 or 4/4/2 pattern
  33. Stevens "The Emperor of Ice-Cream"
    • Poem is about sex and a dead woman
    • Calling for strong masculine identity
    • Concupiscent: full of lust-sexual desire
    • Whip up-create sexual frenzy
    • Wench-young women of working class
    • Flowers- courtship, respect, sexual connection
    • Let reality trump appearances
    • Ice cream metaphor for sex; both sweet, treat, happens then is gone
    • Wont cover whole body to show how dead she really is
    • No happy endings in modernism
  34. The Great Gatsby
    F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • Like Nick from Minnesota
    • American Expatriate: living outside their country
    • Spectacular Failure: alcohol lead to death
    • Low self esteem and believed he was a failure
  35. The Great Gatsby
    the novel
    • "new" and "extraordinary"
    • establish himself as serious
    • American Story (original title: "under the Red, White, and Blue")
  36. Convention readings of Great Gatsby
    • 1. Gatsby and Daisy=tragic love story
    • -not between Gatsby and Daisy but rather Gatsby and Nick 
    • 2. Gatsby= tragic hero
    • -not a hero but is a nieve duke
    • 3. Gatsby= An american dreamer for whom the dream fails
    • -not an American Dreamer, story is about Nick
  37. Tom and Daisy Buchannum
    • Tom: old money, Arrogant, preemptory, dominant, very rich, treats wife horribly
    • Daisy: "thrilling, exciting, beautiful"
    • Tom vs Daisy
    • -same verbs to describe both
    • -Daisy described "rather like Tom"
    • -Daisy like Tom cannot be trusted
    • -They are all about money and Gatsby was doomed from the start
  38. James Gatz vs. The Great Gatsby
    • James Gatz
    • -from North Dakota
    • -son of poor farmers
    • -God Complex
    • -Destiny confirmed in meeting Dan Cody
    • Jay Gatsby
    • -WW1 hero (may or may not be)
    • -Wealthy family of San Francisco
    • -Counterfeiter (fake bonds)
  39. Key Question 1 of Great Gatsby
    Does Gatsby Love Daisy?
    • no, gets distracted during kiss
    • he loves himself, or idea of himself
  40. Key Question 2 of Great Gatsby
    Why does Nick love Gatsby and consider him great?
    • "Heightened sensitivity"/"Romantic readiness"/"Extraordinary gift for hope"
    • Un-modern Gatsby's
    • Believes you can repeat the past (unmodern beliefs)
    • Nick makes an idea out of a man
    • Remains faithful to an "in corruptive dream"
  41. Key Question 3 of Great Gatsby
    So who is the real hero in this novel?
    • Nick, mourns for his nation
    • Everyone else is selfish, narcissistic, want money, trying to relive the past
  42. Emily Dickinson Poem 39
    • Poem of loss
    • lost 2 loved ones to the ground
    • loss renders her a beggar
    • Only God can give her what she needs
    • Same rhyme scheme as church hymn
    • Has been repaid by God after two losses
    • != pain and lashing out after deaths
    • Left asking for something at end of peom
  43. Emily Dickinson Poem 269
    • Poem of romantic, object of love
    • Poetry comparable to Anne Bradstreet (Talking about husbands)
    • Sailing Metaphor, her heart is in port doesn't have to be concerned about winds now rowing in a calmer "sea"
    • Use poetry to show romantic desires
  44. Emily Dickinson Poem 372
    • Poem of suffering
    • numbness and shock after great pain (stiffness)
    • Learned about God and Pain she is feeling, Burden that Christ bore
    • Look stone as at peace but inside really heavy
    • Will remember shock freezing but then must let go (don't always live through it)
  45. Emily Dickinson Poem 620
    • Poem of sense, madness; start critical eye, how society actual works
    • If you see things in a different way than the things some call mad are the most sensible
    • Genious and madness are an ally. Those who speak truth are mad
    • Majority controls perceptions. Social categories
    • When you refuse to conform then you are dangerous
  46. Emily Dickinson Poem 1263
    • Poem about truth
    • Similar to Emerson
    • tell it as a slant, don't come head on with truth if want to have an affect
    • People are surprised when hear whole truth so you have to lay it on gradually
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ENGL 240 Test 2
2015-02-24 15:50:01
ENGL 240

English 240 Test 2
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