Card Set Information
What are autotrophs?
"self-feeders", organisms that make all their own organic matter - including carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
Also known as producers
What are hetrotrophs?
"other-feeders", organisms that cannot make organic molecules from inorganic ones.
Also known as conumers
What is C
Where does the production of ATP take place?
In organelles called mitochondria
What is aerobic?
What is cellular respiration?
Aerobic harvesting of chemical energy from organic fuel molecules
What is the equation for cellular respiration?
O + ATP
What is the loss of electrons during redox reaction called?
What is oxidized during cellular respiration?
What is the acceptance of electrons during a redox reaction?
What is NAD
Positively charged electron acceptor
What is NADH?
The transfer of electrons from organic fuel to NAD
What happens in the first stage of cellular respiration, glycolysis?
A molecule of glucose is split into two molecules of a compound called pyruvic acid.
What happens in the second stage of cellular respiration, citric acid cycle?
Completes the breakdown of glucose all the way down to CO
What happens in the third stage of cellular respiration, electron transport?
Electron transport from NADH to oxygen releases the energy your cells use to make most of their ATP.
How many molecules of ATP does glycolysis produce?
How many molecules of ATP can be make from one molecule of glucose?
How does the poison cyanide kill?
Binds to one of the protein complexes in the electron transport chain
Cyanide blocks the passage of electrons to oxygen
gradient is generated, and no ATP is made.
Cells stop working, and the organism dies
What is fermentation?
The anaerobic harvest of food energy
What is anaerobic?
What is produced during fermentation in muscle cells?
What is produced during fermentation in yeast?
During fermentation what is the waste product produced when electrons are added to pyruvic acid?
How many molecules of ATP can be produced from one molecule of glucose during fermentation?