Get in my head....and stay there!!!

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Author:
foxyt14
ID:
296719
Filename:
Get in my head....and stay there!!!
Updated:
2015-02-24 10:37:24
Tags:
NCLEX
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Description:
Things to remember and remind myself about prior to exam....NUGGETS
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  1. 1 oz =......ml
    30mL
  2. 1 cup = ......mL
    240mL
  3. 1 cup = ......oz
    8 oz
  4. mg to mcg
    1mg = 1000mcg
  5. g to mg
    1 g =1000mg
  6. kg to grams
    1 kg = 1000 grams
  7. mcg to mg
    1 mcg = 0.001mg
  8. Regular Insulin
    Onset
    Peak
    Lasts
    • Onset 30-60
    • Peak 2-3 hrs
    • Lasts 3-4 hrs
  9. NPH Insulin
    Onset
    Peak
    Lasts
    • Onset 2-4 hours
    • Peak 6-12 hrs
    • Lasts 16-20 hrs
  10. What herbs will increase bleeding time?
    • Ginko
    • Garlic
    • Ginger
  11. RBC
    4 to 5.5
  12. WBC
    5-10K
  13. Ca
    8-11
  14. Phosphorous
    2.5-4.5
  15. Magnesium
    1.5-2.4
  16. Billirubin
    0-1.0
  17. Creatinine
    1
  18. Cholesterol
    <200
  19. Triglycerides
    <150
  20. LDL
    <100
  21. HDL
    >50
  22. Pa02 vs. SaO2
    • Pa02 80-100
    • SaO2 94-100
  23. Urine specific gravity
    Normal
    Dehydrated
    Overload
    • 1.005-1.030
    • 1.035 dehydrated
    • >1.105 fluid overload
  24. Albumin
    3.5-5.4
  25. Maslows is before ABC's....but what are the important parts of Maslows?
    • food
    • water
    • air
    • clothing
    • shelter
    • sex
    • safety
    • NO PSYCHOSOCIAL...NO PAIN
  26. Diet for cancer patients
    high calorie and protein diet
  27. External radiation
    • no creams/lotions
    • wear cotton clothes
  28. Internal radiation
    • save all bed linens
    • private room
    • limit time with patient to 30 min/shift
  29. Who gets airborne precautions?  Describe....
    TB, SARS, Small Pox, Pandemic Flu

    • Negative pressure room and private
    • N95 mask
    • Gloves/Gown
  30. Who gets droplet precautions?
    • Respiratory infections....
    • Haemophilus influenza meningitis
    • Pertussis
    • Mumps
    • Rubella
    • Group A strep
    • PNA
    • Scarlet fever
  31. Describe droplet precautions
    • Private room....unless same cohort
    • gloves/gown/mask
  32. Who gets contact precautions
    • MRSA
    • VRE
    • C diff
    • RSV
    • Herpes Simplex severe
    • Skin infections....scabies, impetigo, Herpes zoster
    • Enterovirus
    • Shigella
    • Giardia
  33. Describe contact precautions
    • Private room....unless same cohort
    • Gloves/Gown
    • MASK only for positive MRSA in secretions
  34. Order of assessment
    • Inspection
    • Palpation
    • Percussion
    • Auscultation
  35. Order of abdominal assessment
    • Inspection
    • Auscultation
    • Percussion
    • Palpation
  36. TB nuggets
    • Isolation 2-4 weeks
    • tell health department
    • back to work after 3 negative sputum cultures
  37. Treatment for hepatitis
    • Rest and rest liver
    • High carb and moderate fat/protein diet
    • no alcohol
    • take meds sparingly
  38. Precautions for AIDS patients
    Standard
  39. Calculate due date
    1st day of LMP minus 3 months plus 7 days
  40. Normals for baby in womb
    • FHR 120-160
    • 10 movements in 20 min OK
    • <3 movements in 1 hr....call Dr.
  41. Prep....US vs. Amnio
    • US full bladder
    • Amnio ampty bladder
  42. How do you relieve variable decels?
    • left side
    • stop oxy
    • give o2
  43. Crutches....going up and down stairs
    Upstairs-good leg 1st, then crutch and bad let

    Downstairs-crutches with bad leg, then good leg
  44. Walker....
    • lift and move walker forward 8-10 inches
    • step forward with bad leg
    • follow with good leg
  45. Cane
    put cane in hand of strong leg
  46. Normal urine
    • pH 4.5-8
    • 1000-2000mL/day
  47. Beta Blockers=
    bronchospasm and decreased HR
  48. "mycin" meds
    • check CN #8...ototoxic
    • Nephrotoxic
  49. Take antacids....
    2 hours after meals
  50. Peak
    blood taken 1 hour after antibiotics are given
  51. Trough
    blood taken night before the next dose is hung
  52. Only antibiotics that are taken with food...
    cephalosporins..."cef"
  53. Which drug has a cross allergy with penicillin?
    Cephalosporins
  54. When do you take "cipros"
    1 hour before or 2 hours after meals
  55. Which 2 meds increase the effectiveness of coumadin?
    Erythromycin and Clindamycin
  56. Which antibiotics are used in place of penicillin when people are allergic?
    Erythromycin and Clindamycin
  57. How do you take Erythromycin and Clindamycin?
    before or after meals with a full glass of water
  58. Which antibiotics cause hepatotoxicity
    erythromycin/clindamycin
  59. Putting on PPE in this order.....
    from the bottom up

    • Gown
    • Mask
    • Goggles
    • Gloves....if they are raised above the head
  60. Taking off PPE in this order
    • Gloves
    • Goggles
    • Gown
    • Mask

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