Theory of Knowledge
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Principles of Pseudoscience
Who: Glymour and Stalker
1. A coincidence
2. A purpose
3. Think Big
4. Even physics isn’t all the precise.
5. Science is numbers and gauges.
6. Saying no to nit-pickers.
Diagnostic and Statistical
- American Psychiatric Association
- A book used to diagnose mental disorders.
- Not scientific; part of a doctrine
- whose major proponents try to create the impression that it represents the most
- reliable knowledge on its subject matter.
- What? There is little
- agreement on the criteria that distinguishes science form pseudoscience yet
- there is wide agreement on specific cases of what is or is not pseudoscience.
- Can't agree why they agree.
What: Accumulative; testable
- Arthur Edington
- What? Phenomenon
- confirmed during the 1919 solar eclipse. When light passes mass it moves. The
- stars were in "different" spots during the eclipse because the light
- from the stars passed the sun. Confirmed Einstein's theory of relativity.
- What? A theory is
- considered to be falsifiable if there are possible events that would prove the
- theory wrong once and for all.
- What? Failed prediction attempts are explained away. Ex:
- 12-21-2012 Dec. 21, 2012
- Who? Kuhn
- What? Solving
- anomalies that occur when scientists test themselves. According to Kuhn when
- anomalies occur sciences strive to count for these anomalies using puzzle
- solving techniques. Pseudosciences don't use these techniques.
- What? A change in
- world view. There is no rational way to decide which world view wins, it is up
- to the mob mentality.
Degenerating Research Programme
- Who? Lakatosh
- What? Research
- Programs (sciences) are either progressive or degenerative. Progressive
- research programs predict novel facts. Degenerative programs lag behind facts
- and try to catch up.
What? Search Extra Terrestrial Intelligence
Zeta Reticuli Star Map
- Betty Hill
- What? While hypnotized
- Betty Hill drew this map that she "saw" while abducted. Later a
- constellation was discovered that looked exactly like the one Betty drew.
The interrupted Journey
- Who? Fuller
- What? A book written
- about the Barney and Betty Hill abduction. Greatly publicized their story.
- Who? Clancy
- What? Clancy's
- description of what really happens to alien abductees, the process that they go
- through to come to the conclusion that they were abducted by aliens.
- What? A common
- condition that occurs when sleep cycles become temporarily desynchronized.
- Cognitively awake while motor muscle output from the brain is still turned off.
Road to Serfdom
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009)
What? Obama signed it to help the economy
- Who? Manzi
- What? There are A LOT
- of things that influence social sciences, specifically macroeconomics.
Who? Max Black
- What? Deceptive;
- short of lying
- What? Talking
- sloppy; ie, “I feel like a dog that’s been run over by a car”
- What? Misrepintation
- ; not interested in the facts; deception; indifferent to the truth
- What? Truth that
- comes from the gut (intuition)
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