2.5 Arteries

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efrain12
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296865
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2.5 Arteries
Updated:
2015-02-26 11:23:59
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AnP II
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Arteries
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  1. What are the 3 branches of the aorta arch?
    -brachiocephalic trunk

    -left common carotid

    -left subclavian
  2. Aortic arch) what 2 arteries come out from brachiocephalic trunk?
    -right common carotid

    -right subclavian
  3. What does the descending/thoracic aorta supply?
    Organs of thorax & continuous down to abdominal cavity as abdominal aorta
  4. What's located on the base of ascending aorta?
    Left & right coronary arteries
  5. Aortic arch & naming rules) Paired vessels (2)
    -Do NOT include the side (right or left) if origin of paired vessels is the same

    -DO include the side (right or left) in the name if origin is DISSIMILAR.
  6. Aortic arch & naming rules) "Common" vessel (2)
    -will divide

    -after division, drop "common" from name
  7. Arteries of the head & neck) Is common carotid artery bilateral or just found in one side of neck?
    bilateral
  8. Arteries of the head & neck) Common carotid artery biforcates into
    -external carotid

    -internal carotid


    *both left and right common carotid artery split into these two`
  9. Arteries of the head & neck) what does the external carotid artery supply? (2)
    -Blood to face

    -external cranium
  10. Arteries of the head & neck) what does the internal carotid supply? (2)
    -brain

    -internal cranium
  11. Arteries of the head & neck) around where do the bifurcation of common carotid artery take place?
    Around the angle of mandible
  12. Arteries of the head & neck) what 2 structures are located near the bifurcation of common carotid artery
    -carotid sinus

    -carotid body
  13. Arteries of the head & neck) what is the function of the carotid sinus and carotid body? (2)
    They are sensitive organs that can detect & communicate with CNS about blood pressure & blood composition changes
  14. External carotid branches) how many branches are there?
    8 branches that supply the neck and face
  15. External carotid branches) Facial branch supplies...(3)
    -Mandibular

    -maxillary

    -medial orbit regions
  16. External carotid branches) Superficial temporal supplies...(2)
    Frontal & crown regions of external skull
  17. Internal carotid branches) anastomoses with
    Vertebral arteries in form of basilar artery to form circle of Willis
  18. Internal carotid branches) are there any branches outside the skull ?
    no
  19. Circle of Willis) what does it encircle>?
    The pituitary gland
  20. Circle of Willis) how is basilar artery formed?
    From left and right vertebral artery
  21. Circle of Willis) it is formed by anastomoses of..(2)
    Left & right internal carotid arteries

    Basilar artery
  22. Circle of Willis) In depth of anastomoses
    -Basilar artery divides into 2 communicating arteries which then anastomoses with left & right internal carotid arteries
  23. Circle of Willis) what is it important for?
    Blood supply to the brain
  24. Arteries of the thorax and upper limb) Linear pathway in which the subclavian name changes (4)
    -Subclavian -> Axillary -> Brachial -> Radial & Ulnar
  25. Branches of the subclavian artery) what are the 3 branches that come from subclavian?
    -Vertebral artery

    -Thyrocervical trunk

    -internal thoracic artery

    **VIT group***
  26. After the SCA passes through the first rib, it is then called
    Axillary artery
  27. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Axillary artery runs through
    Brachial plexus
  28. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) what does the Axillary artery supply? (2)
    Areas of axilla & thorax
  29. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Axillary emerges from axilla to turn into...
    Brachial artery
  30. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) brachial artery is common side to determine what?
    Blood pressure
  31. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Once in antecuboildal region (anterior elbow) Brachial artery divides into (2)
    Radial and Ulnar artery
  32. Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) wqhat occurs in the hands & fingers between radial and Ulnar?
    They form anastomoses to supply these areas
  33. Thoracic aorta branches) 2 sets of branches
    -posterior intercostal arteries

    -bronchial arteries
  34. Thoracic aorta branches) what do these collectively do? (2)
    Arteries which supply the thoracic wall (posterior intercostal arteries) and the thoracic viscera (bronchial arteries).
  35. Abdominal aorta branches) how many unpaired arteries arise from abdominal aorta?
    3
  36. Abdominal aorta branches) from where do the 3 unpaired arteries originate from?
    Celiac trunk
  37. Abdominal aorta branches) what are the 3 arteries that come from celiac trunk?
    -left gastric artery

    -splenic artery

    -common hepatic artery
  38. Abdominal aorta branches) Left gastric artery:
    Supplies blood to the left side of stomach curvature then anastomoses with the right gastric artery
  39. Abdominal aorta branches) splenic artery
    Passes behind the stomach to supply the spleen
  40. Abdominal aorta branches) Common hepatic artery: divides into (3)
    -right gastric artery

    -gastrodeudonal artery

    -hepatic artery proper
  41. Abdominal aorta branches) Common hepatic artery: what does the hepatic artery proper supply?
    The liver with blood
  42. Celiac trunk) clockwise pneumonic device on how the branches come off? (3)
    -1 o'clock: Left gastric artery

    - 3 o clock: Splenic artery

    -8 o'clock: Common hepatic artery
  43. Celiac trunk) right hepatic artery supplies which organ
    Feeds gallbladder with cystic artery
  44. Celiac trunk) what does the gastrodeudonal artery supply? (2)
    -stomach and proximal small intestine
  45. Abdominal Aorta branches) Superior mesenteric artery: position from celiac trunk
    It arises immediately below the celiac trunk
  46. Abdominal Aorta branches) Superior mesenteric artery: what does it supply? (2)
    The small intestine and proximal 2/3 of the large intestine
  47. Abdominal Aorta branches) inferior mesenteric artery: what does it supply?
    • Distal 1/3 of large intestine
    • *portion of the rectum
  48. Abdominal Aorta branches) inferior mesenteric artery: which is larger superior or inferior?
    Superior mesenteric artery
  49. Which area dos the superior mesenteric vein drain?
    Proximal 2/3 of large intestines
  50. Paired arteries of the abdomen) what are the 5 paired arteries?
    -suprarenal

    -renal

    -gonadal

    -lumbar

    -common iliac
  51. Paired arteries of the abdomen) Common Iliac and aorta
    Aorta bifurcates into common iliac artery
  52. Paired arteries of the abdomen) what does the common iliac artery supply? (2)
    Pelvic organs & entirety of lower organs
  53. Paired arteries of the abdomen) At around where does aorta bifurcated?
    L4 to become common iliac artery
  54. Common iliac artery) what are the 2 branches of this
    -internal iliac

    -external iliac
  55. Common iliac artery) where does internal iliac go to?
    pelvis
  56. Common iliac artery) where does the external iliac go to?
    Lower limb
  57. In the thigh, sequence in which external iliac changes name (3)
    -External iliac -> Femoral -> Popliteal
  58. External iliac) becomes femoral after
    Passing deep to inguinal ligament
  59. External iliac) femoral become popliteal after
    Passing through adductor hiatus
  60. In the leg: sequence in which popliteal changes name
    Popliteal -> Posterior & anterior Tibial -> fibular
  61. In the leg: position of fibublar
    Distal to where anterior tibial divides from posterior tibil
  62. In the leg: anterior tibia passes through ____
    interosseus membrane
  63. In the leg: which one is another site for heart palpitations
    Posterior tibia artery
  64. In the foot: Anterior tibia becomes
    dorsalis pedis
  65. In the foot: what can dorsalis pedis do?
    Common pulse location on dorsal foot
  66. In the foot: Posterior tibia divides into (2)
    -medial and lateral plantar

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