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What are the 3 branches of the aorta arch?
-left common carotid
Aortic arch) what 2 arteries come out from brachiocephalic trunk?
-right common carotid
What does the descending/thoracic aorta supply?
Organs of thorax & continuous down to abdominal cavity as abdominal aorta
What's located on the base of ascending aorta?
Left & right coronary arteries
Aortic arch & naming rules) Paired vessels (2)
-Do NOT include the side (right or left) if origin of paired vessels is the same
-DO include the side (right or left) in the name if origin is DISSIMILAR.
Aortic arch & naming rules) "Common" vessel (2)
-after division, drop "common" from name
Arteries of the head & neck) Is common carotid artery bilateral or just found in one side of neck?
Arteries of the head & neck) Common carotid artery biforcates into
*both left and right common carotid artery split into these two`
Arteries of the head & neck) what does the external carotid artery supply? (2)
-Blood to face
Arteries of the head & neck) what does the internal carotid supply? (2)
Arteries of the head & neck) around where do the bifurcation of common carotid artery take place?
Around the angle of mandible
Arteries of the head & neck) what 2 structures are located near the bifurcation of common carotid artery
Arteries of the head & neck) what is the function of the carotid sinus and carotid body? (2)
They are sensitive organs that can detect & communicate with CNS about blood pressure & blood composition changes
External carotid branches) how many branches are there?
8 branches that supply the neck and face
External carotid branches) Facial branch supplies...(3)
-medial orbit regions
External carotid branches) Superficial temporal supplies...(2)
Frontal & crown regions of external skull
Internal carotid branches) anastomoses with
Vertebral arteries in form of basilar artery to form circle of Willis
Internal carotid branches) are there any branches outside the skull ?
Circle of Willis) what does it encircle>?
The pituitary gland
Circle of Willis) how is basilar artery formed?
From left and right vertebral artery
Circle of Willis) it is formed by anastomoses of..(2)
Left & right internal carotid arteries
Circle of Willis) In depth of anastomoses
-Basilar artery divides into 2 communicating arteries which then anastomoses with left & right internal carotid arteries
Circle of Willis) what is it important for?
Blood supply to the brain
Arteries of the thorax and upper limb) Linear pathway in which the subclavian name changes (4)
-Subclavian -> Axillary -> Brachial -> Radial & Ulnar
Branches of the subclavian artery) what are the 3 branches that come from subclavian?
-internal thoracic artery
After the SCA passes through the first rib, it is then called
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Axillary artery runs through
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) what does the Axillary artery supply? (2)
Areas of axilla & thorax
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Axillary emerges from axilla to turn into...
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) brachial artery is common side to determine what?
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) Once in antecuboildal region (anterior elbow) Brachial artery divides into (2)
Radial and Ulnar artery
Arteries of the upper limb & thorax) wqhat occurs in the hands & fingers between radial and Ulnar?
They form anastomoses to supply these areas
Thoracic aorta branches) 2 sets of branches
-posterior intercostal arteries
Thoracic aorta branches) what do these collectively do? (2)
Arteries which supply the thoracic wall (posterior intercostal arteries) and the thoracic viscera (bronchial arteries).
Abdominal aorta branches) how many unpaired arteries arise from abdominal aorta?
Abdominal aorta branches) from where do the 3 unpaired arteries originate from?
Abdominal aorta branches) what are the 3 arteries that come from celiac trunk?
-left gastric artery
-common hepatic artery
Abdominal aorta branches) Left gastric artery:
Supplies blood to the left side of stomach curvature then anastomoses with the right gastric artery
Abdominal aorta branches) splenic artery
Passes behind the stomach to supply the spleen
Abdominal aorta branches) Common hepatic artery: divides into (3)
-right gastric artery
-hepatic artery proper
Abdominal aorta branches) Common hepatic artery: what does the hepatic artery proper supply?
The liver with blood
Celiac trunk) clockwise pneumonic device on how the branches come off? (3)
-1 o'clock: Left gastric artery
- 3 o clock: Splenic artery
-8 o'clock: Common hepatic artery
Celiac trunk) right hepatic artery supplies which organ
Feeds gallbladder with cystic artery
Celiac trunk) what does the gastrodeudonal artery supply? (2)
-stomach and proximal small intestine
Abdominal Aorta branches) Superior mesenteric artery: position from celiac trunk
It arises immediately below the celiac trunk
Abdominal Aorta branches) Superior mesenteric artery: what does it supply? (2)
The small intestine and proximal 2/3 of the large intestine
Abdominal Aorta branches) inferior mesenteric artery: what does it supply?
- Distal 1/3 of large intestine
- *portion of the rectum
Abdominal Aorta branches) inferior mesenteric artery: which is larger superior or inferior?
Superior mesenteric artery
Which area dos the superior mesenteric vein drain?
Proximal 2/3 of large intestines
Paired arteries of the abdomen) what are the 5 paired arteries?
Paired arteries of the abdomen) Common Iliac and aorta
Aorta bifurcates into common iliac artery
Paired arteries of the abdomen) what does the common iliac artery supply? (2)
Pelvic organs & entirety of lower organs
Paired arteries of the abdomen) At around where does aorta bifurcated?
L4 to become common iliac artery
Common iliac artery) what are the 2 branches of this
Common iliac artery) where does internal iliac go to?
Common iliac artery) where does the external iliac go to?
In the thigh, sequence in which external iliac changes name (3)
-External iliac -> Femoral -> Popliteal
External iliac) becomes femoral after
Passing deep to inguinal ligament
External iliac) femoral become popliteal after
Passing through adductor hiatus
In the leg: sequence in which popliteal changes name
Popliteal -> Posterior & anterior Tibial -> fibular
In the leg: position of fibublar
Distal to where anterior tibial divides from posterior tibil
In the leg: anterior tibia passes through ____
In the leg: which one is another site for heart palpitations
Posterior tibia artery
In the foot: Anterior tibia becomes
In the foot: what can dorsalis pedis do?
Common pulse location on dorsal foot
In the foot: Posterior tibia divides into (2)
-medial and lateral plantar