American Government Midterm

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hunter82
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American Government Midterm
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2015-02-26 01:25:45
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Studyguide for American Government Midterm
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  1. Is the support of the majority of the citizens of a state for the government in power.
    Legitimacy
  2. Is the right of a country to make its own domestic and foreign policy decisions without the uninvited intervention of another state of states.
    Sovereignty
  3. Is the capacity of one actor to influence the behavior of another through the use of either
    coercion or the offer of incentives.
    Power
  4. Is the legal use of power. Authority is rooted in the constitution and laws of a state or country.
    Authority
  5. Multiple centers of power--various interest groups. No single group is dominant.
    Pluralist Approach or Theory
  6. The government serves as an unbiased referee or umpire.
    Pluralist Approach or Theory
  7. Elites from the government, the private sectors and other areas of American society.
    Elitist Approach or Theory
  8. The government serves the collective interests of the elites.
    Elitist Approach or Theory
  9. The members of the ruling class (based on economic position--income and wealth)
    Class Approach or Theory
  10. The government serves the collective interests of the ruling class.
    Class Approach or Theory
  11. Occupied by farmers from England. Began settling in 1607 and again in 1610.
    Jamestown, Virginia
  12. Occupied by Separatists and made the Mayflower Compact which was an agreement or code of conduct, as well as a system of self-government.
    Plymouth, Massachusetts
  13. This was an agreement or code of conduct, as well as a system of self-government for the Separatists in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
    Mayflower Compact
  14. How did the states operate?
    States had sovereignty or self-governed themselves
  15. This plan wanted a bicameral legislature, a national executive, and a judiciary.
    Virginia Plan
  16. This plan wanted a unicameral legislature where one state represented one vote, impose taxes, national executive to be Congress, and national executive to be the Supreme Court
    New Jersey Plan
  17. This plan wanted a bicameral legislature, the president would be the national executive but would be elected through the Electoral College, and a national judiciary to be the executive.
    The Great Compromise (Connecticut)
  18. This was created three branches of government that had their own individual power.
    Separation of Powers
  19. This was created to ensure no branch had more power than any of the other two branches allowing them to investigate on their actions.
    Checks and balances
  20. A) The three who wrote the Federalist Papers consisted of 85 essays advocating for the ratification of the US Constitution was...
    B) Who wrote the most of the three?
    • A) James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
    • B) Alexander Hamilton
  21. This is a structure of government proposed by James Madison in which the powers of the government are separated into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial review.
    Madisonian Model
  22. The process to ratify the constitutions were...
    State ratifying conventions
  23. A) Only powers that can be exercised at a certain level. 
    B) Give some examples
    • A) Exclusive Powers
    • B) Only states can issue marriage licenses, ID, and property taxes. Only national government can coin money, set standards for weights and measures, making uniform naturalization laws, admitting new states, establishing post offices and post roads, and declaring war.
  24. A) Powers that can be shared or joined.
    B) Give examples of these.
    • A) Concurrent Powers
    • B) Power to tax, power to borrow funds, to establish courts, and to charter banks and corporations, police power
  25. A federal grant to a state or local government for a specific program to project.
    Categorical Grants
  26. This a federal grant that provides funds to a state or local government for a general functional area.
    Block Grants
  27. This grant is based on an individual's criteria.
    Competitive Grant
  28. A) What rights are emphasized in a liberal democracy?
    B) What are these?
    • A) Promotion of political equality through the exercise of rights (e.g. voting) and liberties (e.g. the freedom of association). In other words political rights.
    • B) The right to vote, to be voted for, and run for office (have to be qualified)
  29. A) Who owns and controls major means of production?
    B) What are the major means of production?
    • A) Private individuals (shareholders, stockholders, etc.)
    • B) Labor, natural resources, land, and capital
  30. The members of the Congress serve the United States first illustrates which congressional model?
    The Trustee Model of Representation
  31. Congress gives priority to their members or partners illustrates which congressional model?
    The Instructed Delegate Model of Representation

  32. This model of representation has a combination of the trustee representation model and instructed-delegate model
    Mixed model of representation
  33. When two or more of the House of Representatives or Senate work together and support each other's bill.
    Logrolling
  34. Congress able to get their mail free is called...
    Franking Privilege
  35. The use of Senate's tradition of unlimited debate as a delaying tactic to block a bill is known as...
    Fillibuster
  36. A policy that enables members of Congress to send material through the mail by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for postage is known as Franking. True or False?
    True
  37. The process for ending a filibuster. It involves 16 senators signing a petition to end a filibuster, 3/5 yes vote to end the filibuster, a two day cooling off period, the allotment of an hour to each senator to speak, and voting on the bill that is the subject of this is known as what?
    Closure
  38. An agreement between the United States and another country on any matter that does not require ratification by the Senate, and can be annulled by a new administration
    Executive Agreement
  39. This is for any federal crime committed prior to, and during trial and after conviction. The exception is in the case of impeachment.
    Pardon
  40. The suspension of the sentence after conviction.
    Reprieve
  41. President says no and goes back to Congress
    Presidential Regular Veto
  42. Bill becoming law without presidential signature.
    Presidential Pocket Veto
  43. A) An agency outside the major executive departments that is charged with making and implementing rules and regulations.
    B) Give examples
    • A) Regulatory Agencies
    • B) Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Securities Exchange Commission (SEC), Federal Reserve System Board of Governors (Fed), National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
  44. A) A federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president.
    B) Give examples
    • A) Executive Agencies
    • B) The Smithsonian Institution, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), General Services Administration (GSA), National Science Foundation (NSF), Small Business Administration (SBA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Social Security Administration (SSA)
  45. A law that requires all committee-directed federal agencies to conduct their business regularly in public session.
    Sunshine Laws
  46. Laws requiring that existing programs be reviewed regularly for their effectiveness and be terminated as a result of these reviews.
    Sunset Laws
  47. An act that established the principle of employment on the basis of merit and created the Civil Service Commission to administer the personnel service.
    Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act)
  48. This act prohibited federal employees from actively participating in the political management of campaigns. It also forbade the use of federal authority to influence nominations and elections, and it outlawed the use of bureaucratic rank to pressure federal employees to make political contributions.
    Hatch Act
  49. What cases does the Supreme Court use original jurisdiction?
    When states are parties to the case, if an individual sues a country, and if the case involves US diplomats.
  50. An order issued by a higher court to a lower court to send up the record of a case for review.
    • Writ of Certiorari
  51. To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand. This is also one of the three opinions the Supreme Court makes.
    Affirm
  52. To annul, or make void, a court ruling on account of some error or irregularity. This one of the three opinions the Supreme Court makes.
    Reverse
  53. To send a case back to the court that originally heard it. This is also one of the three opinions the Supreme Court makes.
    Remand
  54. A Court opinion or determination made by the Supreme Court on which all judges agree.
    Unanimous Opinion
  55. A Court opinion made by the Supreme Court reflecting the views of the majority of the judges.
    Majority Opinion
  56. A separate opinion made by the Supreme Court prepared by a judge who supports the decision of the majority of the court but who wants to make or clarify a particular point or to voice disapproval of the ground on which the decision was made.
    Concurring Opinion
  57. A separate opinion made by the Supreme Court in which a judge dissents from (disagrees with) the conclusion reached by the majority of the court and expounds his or her own views about the case.
    Dissenting Opinion

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