Insertion Origin Action Innervation

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Author:
BodeS
ID:
296904
Filename:
Insertion Origin Action Innervation
Updated:
2015-03-22 01:39:07
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
skeletal muscles move bones
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  1. origin
    • starting point of muscle
    • medial
    • proximal
  2. insertion
    • end attachment of muscle to bone
    • lateral
    • distal
  3. Muscles
    fxn?
    • 1) CONTRACTION
    • 2) ANATOGNISTS 
    • 3) SYNERGISTS 
    • 4) ORIGIN
    • 5) INSERTION
    • 6) PULL INSERTION towards ORIGIN
  4. How Muscles are Named
    • 1) Shape
    • 2) Origin-Insertion
    • 3) Action
    • 4) Special Feature
  5. Superficial Muscle of the Back
    Characteristics?
    skeleton
    movement
    origin
    innervation
    • Characteristics
    • skeleton- axial to appendicular
    • movement - upper limb
    • origin- embryonic
    • extrinsic
    • start in shoulder- grow to back
    • innervation- Ventral Rami Nerves
  6. Deep Muscles of the Back
    Characteristics?
    skeleton
    movement
    origin
    innervation
    • Characteristics:
    • skeleton- axial to axial
    • movement- back
    • head
    • origin- embryonic 
    • intrinsic
    • (grow in place)
    • innervation- Dorsal Rami Nerves
  7. 3 Deep Muscles of Back
    • Erector Spine
    • Splenius
    • Transversa Spinalis
  8. location
    ORIGIN- medial/proximal

    to INSERTION- lateral/distal
  9. 4 Superficial Muscles of the Back
    • Trapezius
    • Rhomboids
    • Levator Scapulae
    • Latissimus Dorsi
  10. 3 Anterior Superficial Muscles of Chest
    • Serratus Anterior
    • Pectoralis Minor
    • Pectoralis Major 
  11. 4 Parallel Joints of Upper-Lower Limb
    • Sternoclavicular-sacroiliac
    • planar joints

    • shoulder-hip
    • ball and socket

    • elbow-knee
    • hinge vs bicondyle 

    • wrist-ankle
    • condyle v modified hinge
  12. Parallel Joints of Upper-Lower Limb 
    Mobility v Stability?
    • 1) Joint Type
    • 2) Bony Fit
    • 3) Muscle Size
    • 4) Ligament
  13. Erector Spine
    location?
    action?
    innervation?
    • location: vertebra to vertebra
    • vertebra to ribs
    • action: hold or bring the spine erect
    • innervation: Dorsal Rami nerves
  14. Splenius
    location?
    action?
    innervation?
    • location: neck vertebra to head
    • action: extend the head
    • stabilize the neck
    • innervation: Dorsal Rami nerves
  15. Transversa Spinalis
    location?
    action?
    innervation?
    • location: 1 vertebra to the next vertebra
    • action: rotation of spine
    • innervation: Dorsal Rami nerves
  16. Trapezius
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: vertebra to skull
    • insertion: spine of scapula
    • action: elevate the scapula
    • retract the scapula
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves
  17. Rhomboids
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: thoracic vertebra
    • insertion: medial edge of posterior scapula
    • action: retract scapula
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves
  18. Levator Scapulae
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: vertebra/skull
    • insertion: superior angle of scapula
    • action: elevate scapula
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves
  19. Latissimus Dorsi
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: lumber vertebra to sacrum
    • insertion: anterior Humerus
    • action: extend/hyperextend
    • the humerus to shoulder
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves
  20. insertion: medial edge of scapulae
    • serratus anterior
    • rhomboids
  21. Serratus Anterior
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: ribs
    • insertion: medial edge of anterior scapula
    • action: protract the scapula
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves
  22. Pectoralis Minor
    origin?
    insertion?
    action? 
    innervation?
    • origin: ribs
    • insertion: coracoid process
    • on scapula
    • action: protracts scapula
    • innervation: Ventral Rami nerves

    • note: reverse pull
    • origin to insertion: lift ribs up and out
  23. Pectoralis Major
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: medial 2/3 of clavical
    • sternum
    • ribs
    • insertion: greater tubercle of humerus
    • action: flex humerus @ shoulder
    • medial rotation
    • insertion: Ventral Rami
  24. Non-moving Joints
    type
    subtype
    fxn
    location
    CT
    • type: Cartilagenous
    • Fibrous
    • Fibrous subtype: surtre joints
    • gomphosis joints
    • syndesmosis joint
    • Cartilagenous subtype: synchondrosis
    • fxn: hold bones together
    • location: epiphyseal plate
    • rib #1
    • skull
    • teeth
    • tibio-fibular joint
    • CT: dense regular 
    • hyaline cartilage
  25. Semi-moveable Joints
    mobility
    type
    subtype
    fxn
    location
    CT
    • mobility: Amphiarthrosis
    • type: Cartilagenous
    • subtype: symphysis joint
    • fxn: stable and flexible
    • location: intervertebral disc
    • pubic symphysis
    • CT: fibrous cartilage
  26. Synovial Joints
    5 Characteristics?
    • 1) articular cartilage cap
    • fxn: friction free surface
    • 2) Joint Cavity
    • 3) Fibrous Joint Capsule
    • -Dense Irregular CT
    • 4) Synovial Membrane
    • 5) Fxn: make synovial fluid to fill cavity
  27. Synovial Joints
    7 types
    • Planar
    • Hinge
    • Pivot
    • Condyle
    • BiCondyle
    • Saddle 
    • Ball and Socket
  28. Planar 
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: "Gliding Joint"
    • 2 flat surfaces
    • superior-inferior process
    • location: carpal 
    • tarsal
  29. Hinge
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: flexion & extension
    • location: interphalangeal joints
    • elbow
    • ankle
  30. Pivot
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: medial/lateral rotation
    • location: proximal/distal radio-ulnar joints 
    • C1 to C2- axis
  31. Condyle
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction
    • location: metacarpal-phalangeal
    • ex/ knuckle
    • location:radiocarpal 
    • ex/wrist
    • location: skull
    • ex/C1- atlas
  32. Bicondyle
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: flexion/extension
    • rotation medial/lateral
    • location: knee
    • jaw (tempromandibular)
  33. Saddle 
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction
    • conjoined rotation
    • location: 1st carpo-metacarpal
    • thumb
  34. Ball and Socket
    synovial joint
    action?
    location?
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction
    • medial/lateral rotation
    • location: shoulder
    • hip
  35. The Clavicle 
    Rt/Left?
    • Rt/Left:
    • 1- Sternal end is medial
    • 2- medial 2/3 of bone 
    • are anteriorly convex
    • 3- conoid tuburcle posterior
    • and inferior
  36. The Scapula
    Rt/Left?
    • Rt/Left:
    • 1- spine poserior
    • 2- superior angle
    • 3- glenoid fossa lateral
    • 4- subscapular fossa anterior
  37. The Humerus
    Rt/Left?
    • 1- head is medial 
    • 2- head is superior
    • 3- lesser tubercle 
    • is Anterior
    • 4- olecranon fossa 
    • is Posterior
  38. The Ulna
    Rt/Left?
    • 1- olecranon procees
    • is superior (proximal)
    • 2- trochlear notch
    • is anterior
    • 3- radial notch
    • is lateral
    •  
  39. The Radius
    Rt/Left?
    • 1- head proximal
    • 2- styloid process
    • is lateral
    • 3- anterior distal
    • end is smooth
  40. Plexus
    • recombination of
    • ventral rami nerves
    • to provide pathways
    • of innervation
  41. cervical plexus
    location?
    rami?
    • location: muscles of neck
    • muscles of chest
    • diaphragm
    • rami: C1 to C5
    • C3 C4 C5- Phrenic nerve
  42. Anterior Brachial Plexus
    • musculocutaneous nerve- C5 C6 C7
    • median nerve- C5 to T1
    • ulnar nerve- C8 to T1
  43. Posterior Brachial Plexus
    • radial nerve
    • all posterior arm and forearm
    • all 5 Ventral Rami
    • C5-T1
  44. Brachial Plexus
    muscles?
    • muscles: teres major
    • supraspinatus
    • infraspinatus
    • subscapularis
  45. Musculocutaneous Nerve
    location?
    rami?
    muscles?
    • location: anterior arm
    • includes skin
    • ventral rami: C5 C6 C7
    • muscles: biceps brachii
    • brachialis
    • coracobrachialis
  46. Median Nerve
    location?
    rami?
    muscles?
    • location: lateral anterior forearm
    • carpal I-III
    • rami: all 5 Ventral Rami
    • C5-T1
    • muscles: common flexors of wrists and figners
  47. Ulnar Nerve
    location?
    rami?
    muscles?
    • location: medial anterior forearm
    • carpal IV-V
    • ventral rami: C8-T1
    • muscles: common flexors of Wrists and Fingers
  48. Auxilllary Circumflex Nerve
    location?
    muscles?
    • location: shoulder
    • muscles: deltoid
    • teres minor
  49. Radial Nerve
    location?
    rami?
    muscles?
    • location: posterior arm
    • posterior forearm
    • posterior wrist and fingers
    • rami: all 5 ventral rami
    • C5-T1
    • muscles: triceps brachii
    • common extensors of wrist and fingers
    • supinator
    • brachioradialis
  50. Muscles of Shoulder
    characteristics?
    ID?
    • characteristics: appendicular to appendicular
    • scapula to humerus
    • ID: deltoid
    • teres major
    • coracobrabrachialis
    • rotator cuff
  51. Deltoid
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: spine of scapular
    • acromion
    • lateral 1/3 of clavicle
    • insertion: deltoid tuberosity
    • action: abduction of shoulder
    • rotation of shoulder
    • innervation: auxillary or circumflex
  52. Teres Major
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: inferior angle of posterior scapula
    • insertion: lesser tubercle of  anterior humerus
    • action: adduction of shoulder
    • medial rotation
    • innervation: brachial plexus
  53. Coracobrachialis
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: coracoid process
    • insertion: medial humerus
    • action: assist in flexion of shoulder
    • innervation: musculocutaneous nerve
  54. Supraspinatus
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: supraspinous fossa
    • insertion: greater tubercle
    • action: starts abduction
    • innervation: brachial Plexus
  55. Infraspinatus
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: infraspinous
    • insertion: greater tubercle
    • action: lateral rotation
    • innervation: brachial plexus
  56. Teres Minor
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: lateral edge of scapula 
    • insertion: greater tubercle
    • action: lateral rotation
    • innervation: auxillary nerve
  57. Subscapularis
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: subscapular fossa
    • insertion: lesser tubercle
    • action: medial rotation
    • innervation: brachial plexus
  58. Biceps Brachii
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: long head- supraglenoid tubercle of anterior scapula
    • short head- coracoid process of anterior scapula
    • insertion: radial tuberosity of anterior radius
    • action: flexion of elbow
    • flexion of shoulder
    • supinate forearm
    • innervation: musculocutaneous nerve
  59. Brachialis
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?

    • origin: deltoid tuberosity
    • insertion: ulnar tuberosity
    • action: flexor of elbow
    • best position-semi pronated 
    • innervation: musculocutaneous nerve
  60. Briachioradialis
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: lateral supracondylar ridge
    • insertion: styloid process of radius
    • action: pronated-elbow flexor
    • innervation: radial nerve
  61. Triceps Brachii
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: long head- infraglenoid tubercle
    • medial head- lateral humerus 
    • lateral head- medial humerus
    • insertion: olecranon process of ulna
    • action: long head-extend should
    • all- extend elbow
    • innervation: Radial Nerve

  62. Coracoid Process
    name 3 muscles
    • I- pectoralis minor
    • I- coracobrachialis
    • O- short head bicep brachii
  63. Humerus
    insertion points
    landmarks
    • landmark: greater tubercle
    • insertion: pectoralis major
    • supraspinatus 
    • infraspinatus
    • teres minor

    • landmark: lesser tubercle
    • insertion: teres major
    • subscapularis

    • landmark: medial humerus
    • insertion: coracobrachialis

    • landmark: anterior humerus
    • insertion: latissimus dorsi

    • landmark: deltoid tuberosity
    • insertion: deltoid
  64. Humerus 
    origin points
    langmarks
    • landmark: lateral humerus
    • origin: lateral head of triceps

    • landmark: medial humerus
    • origin: medial head of triceps

    • landmark: deltoid tuberosity
    • origin: brachialis

    • landmark: lateral supracondylar ridge
    • origin: brachioradialis

    • landmark: lateral epicondyle
    • origin: common extensors

    • landmark: medial epicondyle
    • origin: common flexors
  65. Brachioradialis
    compartment
    • posterior, but lateral
    • radial nerve, but flexion-elbow-pronated
  66. Anterior Arm 
    compartment
    muscles?
    action?
    innervation?
    • anterior
    • biceps brachii
    • brachialis
    • coracobrachialis

    • flexion
    • shoulder 
    • elbow
    • innervation
    • musculocutaneous
  67. Posterior Arm
    compartment
    muscles?
    action?
    innervation?
    • posterior
    • triceps brachii

    • extension
    • shoulder
    • elbow

    • innervation
    • Radial nerve
  68. Common Flexors of Wrist and Fingers
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: medial epicondyle of humerus
    • insertion: wrist and fingers
    • action: flexion of wrist and fingers
    • innervation: median/ulnar nerves
  69. Common Extensors of Wrist and Fingers
    origin?
    insertion?
    action?
    innervation?
    • origin: lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • insertion: posterior wrist and fingers
    • action: extension of wrist and fingers
    • innervation: radial nerve
  70. Forearm
    compartment
    • anterior
    • origin: medial epicondyle of distal humerus
    • action: pronate
    • muscles: common flexors of wrist and fingers 
    • innervation: median nerve & ulnar nerve

    • posterior 
    • origin: lateral epicondyle of distal humerus
    • action: supinate
    • muscles: common extensors of wrist and fingers 
    • innervation: radial nerve
  71. Shoulder
    compartment
    • location:
    • appendicular to appendicular
    • scapula to humerus
    • origin to insertion
    • proximal to distal

    • action:
    • abduction
    • deltoid/supraspinatus
    • adduction
    • teres major
    • lateral rotation
    • infraspinatus
    • teres minor 
    • medial rotation
    • subscapularis
    • teres major


    • innvervation:
    • auxillary nerve
    • deltoid
    • teres minor
    • brachial plexus
    • supraspinatus
    • infraspinatus
    • subscapularis
    • teres major
  72. Nerves to lower limb
    plexus?
    • lumbar plexus
    • sacral plexus
  73. Nerves to upper limb
    plexus?
    • cerical plexus
    • brachial plexus
  74. Lumbar Plexus
    • L1 L2 L3 L4
    • Femoral Nerve
    • Obturator Nerve
  75. Sacral Plexus
    • L4 L5
    • S1 S2 S3
    • Superior Gluteal Nerve
    • Inferior Gluteal Nerve
    • Sciatic Nerve
  76. Femoral Nerve
    location?
    innervation?
    plexus?
    • location: anterior thigh
    • innervation: ventral rami nerves
    • L1 L2 L3 L4
    • plexus: Lumbar Plexus 
  77. Obturator Nerve
    location?
    innervation?
    plexus?
    • location: medial thigh
    • innervation: ventral rami nerves
    • L1 L2 L3 L4
    • plexus: Lumbar Plexus
  78. Superior Gluteal Nerve
    location?
    innervation?
    plexus?
    • location: gluteus medius
    • gluteus minimus
    • innervation: ventral rami nerves
    • plexus: Sacral Plexus
    • L4 L5 S1 S2 S3
  79. Inferior Gluteal Nerve
    location?
    innervation?
    plexus?
    • location: gluteus maximus
    • innervation: ventral rami nerve
    • L4 L5 S1 S2 S3
    • plexus: Sacral Plexus
  80. Sciatic Nerve
    location?
    innervation?
    plexus?
    branches?
    • location: all of posterior thigh
    • posterior leg
    • anterior leg
    • lateral leg
    • innervation: ventral rami nerves
    • L4 L5 S1 S2 S3
    • plexus: Sacral Plexus
    • branches: tibial nerve- posterior thigh/leg
    • common fibular nerves 
    • deep- anterior leg
    • superficial- lateral leg
  81. ID?
    Landmark?
    Origin?
    Insertion?
    • ID: left anterior scapula
    • landmark: subscapular fossa
    • coracoid process
    • medial edge of scapula
    • origin: subscapularis
    • coracobrachialis
    • short head-biceps brachii
    • insertion: pectoralis minor
    • serratus anterior
  82. ID?
    Landmarks?
    Origin?
    Insertion?
    • ID: left superior scapula
    • landmarks: supraspinous fossa
    • acromion
    • spine of scapula
    • superior angle of scapula
    • origin: supraspinatus
    • deltoid
    • insertion: trapezius
    • levator scapulae
  83. ID?
    Landmarks?
    Origin?
    Insertion?
    • ID: lateral left scapula
    • Landmarks: glenoid process
    • supraglenoid tubercle
    • infraglenoid tubercle
    • lateral edge of scapula
    • Origin: long head-biceps
    • long head- triceps
    • teres minor
    • mobility: diarthrosis
    • freely moving
    • type: synovial
    • subtype: pivot joint 
    • location: distal right radioulnar joint
    • anterior view
    • action: medial/lateral rotation
    • ID: anterior view proximal right ulna
    • landmarks: olecranon process
    • trochlear notch
    • coronoid process
    • ulnar notch
    • mobility: diarthrosis
    • freely moving
    • type: synovial
    • subtype: pivot joint
    • location: proximal right radioulnar joint
    • posterior view
    • action: medial/lateral rotation
    • mobilty: diarthrosis
    • freely moving
    • type: synovial
    • subtype: hinge joint
    • location: elbow joint
    • action: flexion/extension
  84. trapezius
    • B- latissimus dorsi
    • C- transversa spinalis
    • A- trapezius
    • D- levator scapula
    • I- Splenius
  85. G- pectoralis major
  86. F- serrtaus anterior
    • B- Lattissimus Dorsi
    • E- Erector Spinae
  87. C- Rhomboids

    • mobility: synarthrosis
    • non-moving j
    • type: fibrous
    • subtype: surtre joints
    • syndesmosis
    • location: tibio-fibular joint
    • skull
    • CT: Dense Regular 
    • fxn: hold bones together
    • mobility: amphiarthrosis
    • semi-moving joint
    • type: cartilagenous joint
    • subtype: symphysis joint
    • location: pubic symphysis joint
    • CT: fibrous cartilage
    • FXN: flexible and stable
    • mobility: diarthrosis
    • freely moving joint
    • type: synovial joint
    • subtype: ball and socket joint
    • location: shoulder joint
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction
    • medial/lateral rotation
    • mobility: diarthrosis
    • freely moving
    • type: synovial
    • subtype: pivot joint
    • location: radioulnar joint
    • action: medial/lateral rotation
    • mobility: diarthrosis
    • freely moving 
    • type: synovial 
    • subtype: planar joint
    • location: sacroiliac joint
    • action: gliding between 2 flat surfaces
    • ID: postero-lateral right Os Coxa  
    • landmark:
    • A- greater sciatic notch
    • B- acetabulum
    • C- posterior gluteal line
    • D- ischial tuberosity
    • ID: posterior distal right femur
    • landmark: medial condyle 
    • intercondylar notch
    • lateral condyle
    • ID: posterior proximal right femur
    • landmark: fovea capitis head
    • neck
    • gluteal tuberosity
    • ID: superior proximal right femus
    • landmark: greater trochanter
    • ID: proximal anterior right femur
    • landmark: lesser trochanter
    • ID: distal anterior right humerus
    • landmark: lateral epicondyle
    • radial fossa
    • capitulum
    • coranoid fossa
    • trochea
    • medial epicondyle
    • hand bones:
    • carpals
    • carpo-metacarpal I 
    • metacarpals 
    • phalanges
    • proximal
    • middle 
    • distal
    • hand joints:
    • type: all synovial
    • subtype: hinge
    • location: interphalangeal joints
    • action: flexion/extension

    • subtype: condyle
    • location: metacarpal-phalangeal joint
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction

    • subtype: saddle
    • locaiton: carpo-metacarpal I 
    • opposable thumb 
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction
    • conjoined rotation

    • subtype: planar
    • location: carpals
    • action: gliding 
    • wrist bones:
    • radius
    • carpals
    • wrist joint:
    • type: synovial
    • subtype: condyle
    • location: radiocarpal joint
    • action: flexion/extension
    • abduction/adduction

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