all 11 meds

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  1. Docusate sodium (colase) - laxative
    • A: reduce constipation/soften stool
    • SE: cramps, diarrhea, rashes
    • C: diverticulitis, fecal impaction
    • T: Drink with a full glass of water
  2. Warfarin (coumadin) - anticoagulant
    • A: decrease risk for thromboembolitic events and MI
    • SE: hemorrhage, cramps, nausea, fever
    • C: uncontrolled bleeding, ulcers, pregnancy
    • T: keep vit K consistant, polypharmacy
    • Look for: s/s bleeding, INR, taking other blood thinners
  3. Digoxin (Lanoxin) - antiarrhythmic
    • A: helps treat cardiac arrhythmias and slows HR ┬áby increasing force of contraction which increases cardiac output
    • SE: Digoxin Toxicity
    • C:AV block, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia
    • T: toxicity symptoms (n/v fatigue, visual disturbances)
    • Look for: HR must be 60+, digoxin and K+ levels
  4. Metformin (glucophage) - antidiabetic
    • A: decrease glucose production and absorption, increase insulin sensitivity
    • SE: bloating, N/V, lactic acidosis, diarrhea
    • C: renal dysfunction, dehydration, sepsis
    • T: med isn't a cure, s/s lactic acidosis
    • Look for: make sure won't be needing radiologic contrast
  5. Furosemide (Lasix) - loop diuretic
    • A: increase excretion of water, Na, K, Mg, Cl to combat edema
    • SE: dehydration, hypokalemia, hyponatremia
    • C: hypokalemia, hepatic coma, hypersensitivity
    • T: call doc if rash, dizziness, weakness, N/T
    • Look for: s/s dehydration, low BP, give slowly (hearing loss)
  6. metoprolol (lopressor/toprol) - beta blocker
    • A: decrease BP and HR by blocking beta 1 receptors
    • SE: bradycardia, hypotension, HF
    • C: bradycardia, uncompensated HF, pulmonary edema
    • T: call doc if rash, avoid alcohol, don't stop abruptly
    • Look for: HR (50+), bp (not low), no HF
  7. Benazepril (Lotensin/lisinopril) - ace inhibitor
    • A: blocks conversion of AI --> A2 = blood vessel dilation and decreased BP
    • SE: hypotension, renal failure, dizziness, cough
    • C: pregnancy, hypersensitivity, lactation
    • T: call doc if face, eye, lip, or tongue swelling, difficulty swallowing or breathing
    • Look for: BP
  8. Potassium (K-dur) - mineral and electrolyte replacement
    • A: treats hypokalemia and digoxin toxicity related arrhythmias
    • SE: N/V, arrhythmias, abdominal pain, diarrhea
    • C: hyperkalemia, renal impairment
    • T: take with food or water, call doc if blood or tarry stool
    • Look for:potassium serum levels
  9. Atrovastatin (lipitor) - statin
    • A: inhibits HMG - CoA reductase = lower LDL cholesterol
    • SE: rhabdomylosis, constipation, diarrhea
    • C: hypersensitivity and liver disease
    • T: s/s of liver injury, take before bed, adhere to diet
  10. oxycodone and acetaminophen (percocet) - opioid
    • A: blocks pain response
    • SE: constipation, sedation, dizziness
    • C: respiratory depression, hypersensitivity
    • T: avoid alcohol, avoid driving, abuse potential
    • Look for: respiratory status, LOC, effectiveness
  11. Bupropion (wellbutrin) - antidepressant
    • A: treats depression
    • SE: suicidal T/B, seizures, agitation
    • C: use of MAO inhibitors, seizure disorders
    • T: watch for suicidal T/B, take at same time each day
Card Set:
all 11 meds
2015-02-26 04:16:46

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