US History Midterm

Card Set Information

Author:
Kivo765
ID:
296997
Filename:
US History Midterm
Updated:
2015-02-27 02:28:41
Tags:
US History Midterm
Folders:

Description:
US History people and events
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Kivo765 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Virgin Soil Epidemic
    • disease brought to Natives from across the Atlantic
    • interracial marriage increased this
  2. Bartolome de las Casas
    Led outlaw of Encomiendas System seeking NA equality
  3. Conquistadors
    • Conquer land
    • Hire NA Servants
    • Ignore Moral teachings in New Land
    • Contributed to Virgin Soil Epidemic throught Racial mixing
    • (wives didn't come)
  4. Repartimiendo
    A less harsh version of the Encomienda System
  5. Encomienda System
    Native holocaust
  6. Martin Luther
    • 95 thesis, anti indulgences
    • condemned church
    • introduced Protestantism
  7. Henry VIII
    • Desire for Spanish wife,
    • led to Act of Supremacy (Royals > Pope)
    • immigration to New World
  8. Columbus
    • sought to sail between Asian & Europe
    • found Cuba instead
    • married wealthy woman
    • spanish king sponsored his journey as a gamble
    • Saw Natives as "Good & Intelligent Servants",
    • led to Noble vs. Savages
  9. Virginia Tobacco Society
    • main source of income
    • led to IS & African Slaves
  10. Indenture Servants
    • poor englishmen
    • 4-7 yrs of labor
    • 80% pop
    • women could marry out of labor
  11. Introduction of Slavery
    • Imports from Barbados
    • African trade moved from Europe to America
    • Middle Passage - Voyage from Africa to America
    • - 15-50% casualty rate
  12. Slaver in the Colonies
    • De Facto - Slavery is a reality
    • De Jure - Slavery is legal
    • Old law let converted slaves free
    • IS and slaves worked together
  13. Puritans
    • Foundation in Act of Supremacy
    • no church hierarchy
    • desired election of educated ministers by congregation
    • desired bible studies and prayer
    • no rituals, new worship
    • flee england
  14. MayFlower Compact
    • formed by Puritans
    • first political document of Colonies
    • opted for better order & preservation
    • led to Social Contract: obedience for protection
  15. John Winthrop
    • "City on a Hill"
    • Compared England to Babylon
    • Founder of MS Bay Colony
    • Good relationship with Natives
    • Works threatened by Anne Hutchinson
  16. Moral Economy
    • Church is the Moral Police
    • Banishment possible
  17. Navigation Acts
    • required shipping on English Ships only
    • messed up occupations of sailors and boat builders
    • alongside Staple Acts: Imports to England before to Colonies
  18. Colonial Differences
    • economically stratified
    • different relations to crown, church, each other
    • European goods kept them together
    • possesion shows status
  19. Thomas Hutchinson
    • Royalist Leader
    • vs. Samuel Adams
    • forced to leave (house burned) by Patriot Protestors
  20. Intolerable (Coercive) Acts
    • response to Boston Tea Party
    • Boston Harbor closed
    • no public elections
    • Reinforced Quartering Act
  21. Common Sense
    • called for Republicanism over Monarchy
    • influenced DofI
    • 150,000 copies
  22. Enlightment
    • popular among educated colonists
    • understanding God's Law through Science & Religion
    • tabula rasa - blank slate
    • will change colony thinking
  23. First Great Awakening
    • Science vs. Religion
    • Science cannot articulate God's Law
    • 10-15% colonists attended church
    • "we are all sinners" Jonathan Edwards
    • led to Theological Debates (old/new lights)
  24. Old/New Lights
    • old - educated minster led (Jonathan Edwards)
    • new - spirit led (George Whitfield), revival
    • George has many imitators giving "previews" of his sermons
  25. Declaration of Independence
    • influenced by Common Sense (by Thomas Paine)
    • written in June 1776
  26. First Continental Congress
    • held in PA (1774)
    • response to Coercive Acts
    • Articles of Association - start of colonial alliance
    • broader boycott of English goods
    • define rights
    • planned protest
    • scheduled next CC
  27. Boston Tea Party
    • response to Tea Act - tax on tea
    • dumping of english tea
  28. Boston Massacre
    • rise of physical violence between colonists & Redcoats
    • showballs with rocks and shards
    • first shot fired
    • (redcoats took local jobs)
  29. Abigail Adams
    • mover of women equality in New world
    • women were legally dead @ marriage
    • own ex-husband's land or remarry
  30. Second Continental Congress
    • Raised an army
    • different opinions by regions
    • explored reconciliation with England
    • $2 mil colonial currency printed - no worth
  31. Continental Army
    • led by George Washington
    • showed hope for the new government
    • guerrilla warefare adopted from Natives
    • military contract set
    • reward for service (land)
  32. Yorktown
    • place of British surrender (oct 19, 1781)
    • French help in means to weaken Britain
    • French make naval blockade
    • Colonist seige british supplies
  33. Treaty of Paris
    • Europe Acknowledges US as an independent nation
    • fishing rights along Canada border
    • US grants British demands of unpaid taxes
  34. Articles of Confederation
    • sought state equality
    • 7 states for new law
    • 9 states for war
    • Unanimous for amendments on AofC
    • more land -> pay more for war
  35. Virginia Plan
    • by Edmund Randolph
    • 3 branches
    • representatives
    • congress has right to veto
  36. New Jersey Plan
    • by William Patterson
    • Single house
    • Plural (3) presidency
    • Fed gov has right to tax, trade, and veto

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview