Organic Chemistry 2: Ch 17-18

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  1. Grignard add to carbonyl form what?
    • Alcohols
  2. Borohydride with carbonyl
  3. grignard with with carbonyl, followed by acid
  4. Solvent to make Magnesium Grignard Reagent
    • Copper compounds require pentanes or hexanes
  5. grignard plus aldehyde
    • secondary alcohol
    • formaldehyde makes primary alc
    • ketone makes tertiary alc
  6. grognard plus carbon dioxide
  7. cyanohydrin plus acid, water, and heat
    • lookup mechanism on power points
  8. cyanide with Hydrogen over nicke
  9. cyanide plus carbonyl
  10. carbonyl plus 2eq of grignard
  11. 2eq of borohydride plus carbonyl
  12. ester plus AlH4 (hydride)
  13. car box acid plus AlH4 Mech (research arrows if uncertain)
  14. benzamide plus 1.LiAlH4, 2.H20
  15. carbonyl plus H2 raney nickel
  16. carbonyl plus sodium borohydride plus water
  17. aldehyde plus primary amine (trace acid)
  18. cyclohexanone plus secondary amine (trace acid)
  19. cyclohexanone plus amine plus trace acid, followed by NaBH3CN
  20. carbonyl plus water plus acid
  21. carbonyl plus methanol plus acid, followed by more methanol and acid.. basically 2eq of each
  22. double ester plus water and acid
  23. protective groups
  24. carbonyl plus peroxide carbonyl
  25. ketone plus CF3C=OOO-
  26. witting reaction mechanism intermediate
    • attack carbonyl to form this
    • then break two bonds to form product
  27. 4 addition of Nu to Carbonyl
    (remember 1 starts on O)
  28. weak base conjugate addition
  29. difference between MgBr addition and CuLi addition
  30. where does a nucleophile attack a carbonyl?
    the carbonyl compound
  31. where does a base attack a carbonyl
    takes Alpha-carbon's H
  32. keto-enol tautomer
  33. halogenated with acid catalyst
  34. base promoted halogenation
  35. Why Use LDA?

  36. LDA to ketone, followed by bromoethane

Card Set Information

Organic Chemistry 2: Ch 17-18
2015-02-28 20:48:38
organic chemistry mechanisms mechanism worthingrocks zhu toledo university

organic chemistry
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