Medical Terminology Chapter #7

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297053
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Medical Terminology Chapter #7
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2015-02-27 18:35:28
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  1. alveolus (air sac)
    alveol/o
  2. bronchus (airway)
    bronch/o or bronchi/o
  3. bronchiole (little airway)
    bronchiol/o
  4. carbon dioxide
    capn/o or carb/o
  5. larynx (voice box)
    laryng/o
  6. lobe (a portion)
    lob/o
  7. nose
    nas/o, rhin/o
  8. mouth
    or/o
  9. oxygen
    ox/o
  10. palate
    palate/o
  11. pharynx (throat)
    pharyng/o
  12. diaphragm (also mind)
    phren/o
  13. pleura (lining of lungs)
    pleur/o
  14. air or lung
    pneum/o or pneumon/o
  15. lung
    pulmon/o
  16. sinus (cavity)
    sinus/o
  17. breathing COMBINING FORM
    spir/o
  18. breathing SUFFIX
    -pnea
  19. chest
    throac/o, pector/o, steth/o
  20. tonsil
    tonsill/o
  21. trachea (windpipe)
    trache/o
  22. uvula
    uvul/o
  23. structure that warms, moistens, and filters air as it enters the respiratory tract; also houses the olfactory receptors fro the sense of smell
    nose
  24. air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity
    sinuses
  25. roof of the mouth; partition between the oral and nasal cavities; divded into the hard and soft palate
    palate
  26. bony anterior (front) portion of the palate
    hard palate
  27. muscular posterior (back) portion of the palate
    soft palate
  28. throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and for air to the larynx
    pharynx
  29. part of the pharynx directly behind the nasal passages
    nasopharynx
  30. central portion of the pharynx between the roof of the mouth and the upper edge of the epiglottis
    oropharynx
  31. lower part of the pharynx, just below the oropharyngeal opening into the larynx and esophagus
    laryngopharynx
  32. oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx that filter air to protect the body from bacterial invasion
    tonsils
  33. lymphatic tissue on the back of the pharynx behind the nose; pharyngeal tonsil
    adenoid
  34. small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate
    uvula
  35. voice box, passageway for air moving from the pharynx to the trachea; contains the vocal cords
    larynx
  36. opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
    glottis
  37. a lid-like structure that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the airway
    epiglottis
  38. windpipe; passageway for the air from the larynx to the area of the carina, where it splits into the right and left bronchi
    trachea
  39. branched airways that lead from the trachea to the microscopic air sacs called alveoli
    bronchial tree
  40. two primary airways branching from the area of the carina into the lungs
    right and left bronchus
  41. progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways
    bronchioles
  42. thin-walled, microscopic air sacs that exchange gases
    alveoli
  43. two spongy organs in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage; responsible for respiration
    lungs
  44. subdivisions of the lung, with two on the left and three on the right
    lobes
  45. membranes enclosing the lung and lining the thoracic cavity
    pleura
  46. potential spaces between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura
    pleural cavity
  47. muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and that moves upwards and downwards to aid in repiration
    diaphragm
  48. partition that separates the thorax into two compartments and that encloses the heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland
    mediastinum
  49. thin sheets of tissue that lines respiratory passages and secrete mucus, a viscid fluid
    mucous membranes
  50. hair-like processes from the surface of epithelial cells, such as those of the bronchi, to move mucous cell secretions upwards
    cilia
  51. functional tissues of any organ, such as the tissues of the bronchioles, alveoli, ducts, and sacs, that perform respiration
    parenchyma
  52. normal breathing
    eupnea
  53. slow breathing
    bradypena
  54. fast breathing
    tachypena
  55. shallow breathing
    hypopnea
  56. difficulty breathing
    dyspnea
  57. inability to breathe
    apnea
  58. ability to breath only in an upright position
    orthopnea
  59. pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and, sometimes, in rate to a maximum level, followed by a decreased, resulting in apnea
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration
  60. popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli; occurs in disorders such as bronchiectasis or atelectasis
    crackles or rales
  61. high-pitched, musical sound heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway; occurs in disorders such as asthma or emphysema
    wheezes or rhonchi
  62. high-pitched, crowing sound that occurs with an obstruction in the upper airway
    stridor
  63. degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese-like appearance
    caseous necrosis
  64. bluish coloration of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
    cyanosis
  65. hoarseness
    dysphonia
  66. nosebleed
    epistaxis
  67. coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
    expectoration
  68. material expelled from the lungs by coughing
    sputum
  69. coughing up and spitting out blood that originates in the lungs
    hemoptysis
  70. excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
    hypercapnia or hypercarbia
  71. excessive movements of air into and out of the lungs
    hyperventilation
  72. deficient level of carbon dioxide in the blood
    hypocapnia or hypocarbia
  73. deficient movement of air into and out of the lungs
    hypoventilation
  74. deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
    hypoxemia
  75. deficient amount of oxygen in the tissue cells
    hypoxia
  76. condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
    obstructive lung disorder
  77. condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
    restrictive lung disorder
  78. fluid filling the spaces around the alveoli and, eventually, flooding the alveoli
    pulmonary edema
  79. density on an x-ray image representing the consolidation of matter within the air spaces of the lungs, usually resulting from an inflammatory process
    pulmonary infiltrate
  80. thin, watery discharge from the nose
    rhinorrhea
  81. panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused y a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane; characterized by paroxysmal attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough
    asthma
  82. collapse of lung tissue
    atelectasis
  83. abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus
    bronchiectasis
  84. inflammation of the bronchi
    bronchitis
  85. lung cancer; cancer originating in the bronchi
    bronchogenic carcinoma
  86. constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle
    bronchospasm
  87. obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls, resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
    emphysema
  88. permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  89. inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick, viscous mucus that obstructs passageways within the body, commonly affecting the lungs and digestive tract; mucus that obstructs the airways leads to infection, inflammation, and damage of lung tissue
    cystic fibrosis
  90. inflammation of the larynx
    laryngitis
  91. inflammation of the upper airways with swelling; creates a funnel-shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinct "seal bark" cough
    laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) or croup
  92. spasm of the laryngeal muscles, causing a constriction
    laryngospasm
  93. presence of numerous polyps in the nose
    nasal polyposis
  94. inflammation of the pharynx
    pharyngitis
  95. accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity
    pleural effusion
  96. accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
    emphyema or pyothorax
  97. blood in the pleural cavity
    hemothorax
  98. inflammation of the pleura
    pleuritis or pleurisy
  99. chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts, such as coal, asbestos, or silicone
    pneumoconiosis
  100. inflammation in the lung resulting from infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites or from aspiration of chemicals
    pneumonia
  101. pneumonia caused by theĀ Pneumocystis carinii organism, a common opportunistic infection in those who are postive from HIV
    Pneumocystis pneumonia
  102. air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lungs or chest wall
    pneumothorax
  103. excision of the adenoids
    adenoidectomy
  104. removal of a lobe of a lung
    lobectomy
  105. removal of a nasal polyp
    nasal polypectomy
  106. removal of an entire lung
    pneumonectomy
  107. puncture for aspiration of the chest
    thoracentesis
  108. repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs
    throacoplasty
  109. endoscopic examination of the pleural cavity
    throacoscopy
  110. creation of an opening in the chest
    thoracostomy
  111. incision into the chest
    thoracotomy
  112. excision of the palatine tonsils
    tonsillectomy
  113. excision of the tonsils and adenoids
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A)
  114. creation of an opening in the trachea, usually to insert a tube
    tracheostomy
  115. incision into the trachea
    tracheotomy
  116. methods of artificial respiration and chest compression to move oxygenated blood to vital body organs when breathing and the heart have stopped
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  117. use of a device with a mask that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages; commonly used during sleep to prevent airway closure in sleep apnea
    continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy
  118. passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs
    endotracheal intubation
  119. a common postoperative breathing therapy using a specially designed spirometer to encourage the patient to inhale and hold an inspiratory volume to exercise the lungs and prevent pulmonary complications
    incentive spirometry
  120. mechanical breathing using a ventilator
    mechanical ventilation
  121. a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
    antibiotic
  122. a drug that dissolves, or prevents the formation of thombi or emboli in the blood vessels
    anticoagulant
  123. a drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine
    antihistamine
  124. a compound in the body that is released by injured cells during allergic reactions, inflammation, and so on, causing constrictions of bronchial smooth muscle and dilation of blood vessels
    histamine
  125. a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
    bronchodilator
  126. a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing
    expectorant
  127. ABG
    arterial blood gas
  128. AP
    anterior-posterior
  129. Bx
    biopsy
  130. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  131. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  132. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  133. CT
    computed tomography
  134. CXR
    chest x-ray
  135. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  136. LTB
    laryngotracheobronchitis
  137. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  138. PA
    posterior-anterior
  139. PaCO2
    partial pressure of carbon dioxide
  140. PaO2
    partial pressure of oxygen
  141. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  142. PEFR
    peak expiratory flow rate
  143. PF
    peak flow
  144. PFT
    pulmonary function testing
  145. pH
    potential of hydrogen
  146. PSG
    polysomnography
  147. T&A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  148. TB
    tuberculosis
  149. TV or Vt
    tidal volume
  150. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  151. VC
    vital capacity
  152. V/Q
    ventilation-perfusion (scan)

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