blood lymph and immunology NBEO2.txt

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blood lymph and immunology NBEO2.txt
2015-02-27 19:37:53
blood lymph immunology2 NBEO optometry

blood lymph and immunology2 NBEO optometry
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  1. What is oncotic pressure dependent on?
    Protein content
  2. What is hydrostatic pressure?
    Fluid pressure generated by the heart
  3. What is type 1 hypersensitivity reaction?
    • Anaphylaxis
    • IgE
    • b-lymphocytes
    • Histamine
  4. What is type II hypersensitivity reaction?
    • Cytotoxic
    • IgM/ IgG
  5. What are some examples of type II hypersensitivity reactions?
    • Rh dz
    • Goodpasture's syndrome
    • Rheumatic fever
    • Pemphigoid
  6. What is a type III hypersensitivity reaction?
    Complex mediated
  7. What are some examples of type III hypersensitivity reaction?
    • SLE
    • RA
    • SJS
    • Scleritis
  8. What is a type IV hypersensitivity reaction?
    • Delayed / cell-mediated
    • Sensitized T-Lymphocytes
  9. What are some examples of type IV hypersensitivity reaction?
    • TB skin test
    • Contact dermatitis
    • Corneal transplant rejection
    • Phlyctenulosis
  10. What is the typical demographic of SLE?
    Females in their 20-30s
  11. What are some ocular signs of SLE?
    • Butterfly rash
    • Photosensitivity
    • Papilledema
    • Dry eyes
  12. When are symptoms worse for RA?
    In the morning
  13. What is the most common cause of bilateral, chronic, non-granulomatous uveitis in children?
    Juvenile RA
  14. What is a typical ocular manifestation seen in gout?
    Band keratopathy
  15. What is sarcoidosis associated with?
    • Non-caseating granulomas
    • Black females
    • Restrictive lung disease
    • Bell's palsy
    • Mutton-fat KPs
    • Candle wax drippings
  16. Where is IgA found?
    • Secretions
    • Tears, saliva, breast milk
  17. What should you think of with IgD?
    Activates B cells, mast cells, and basophils
  18. What should you think of with IgE?
    • Anaphylaxis
    • Mast cells
    • Histamine
    • Parasitic worms
  19. What antibody can cross the placenta?
  20. What antibody is found in tears and breast milk?
  21. What antibody is responsible for ABO type reactions?
  22. What does a deficiency of IgA cause?
    Keratinization of the cornea
  23. What is the most common immunodeficiency?
  24. What labs are used to determine HIV?
    • ELISA
    • Western Blot
  25. What is kaposi's sarcoma?
    • AIDS + HSV
    • Rule of 8s
  26. What site of the antibody binds with the antigen?
  27. What is lymph?
    Filtered venous blood
  28. What lymph organs are there?
    • Tonsils
    • Thymus
    • Spleen
  29. What are Hassall's corpuscles?
    "blood trash" collected from lymph in thymus
  30. Where are RBCs recycled?
  31. Where is the spleen located?
    behind the stomach, below diaphragm in upper left quadrant of abdomen