neoplasia and integumentary NBEO.txt

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neoplasia and integumentary NBEO.txt
2015-02-27 21:19:21
neoplasia integumentary NBEO optometry

neoplasia and integumentary NBEO optometry
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  1. What is the 2nd most common form of skin cancer?
    Squamous cell carcinoma
  2. What are oncogenes?
    Cancer activator genes
  3. What forms of benign cancer are there?
    • Adenomas (glandular)
    • Cystadenomas (cystic masses)
  4. What is a sarcoma?
    Malignant mesenchymal (connective) tissues
  5. What is a carcinoma?
    Malignant epithelial cells
  6. What is the most common primary orbital malignancy?
  7. What is the most common cancer of young women?
  8. What are the ABCDE's of melanoma?
    • Asymmetry
    • Border irregularity
    • Color differences
    • Large diameter
    • Enlarging size
  9. How is basal cell carcinoma described?
    Shiny, firm, pearly nodule
  10. What is rodent ulcer?
    Basal cell carcinoma
  11. What part of the skin is affected in BCC?
    Basal cell of epidermis
  12. What part of the skin is affected with SCC?
    Stratum spinosum of epidermis
  13. What is glioblastoma multiforme?
    • Most common primary malignant brain tumor
    • Less than a year life expectancy
  14. What is the most common intraocular cancer of the eye?
  15. Where does primary melanoma metastasize to first?
  16. What is sebaceous gland carcinoma?
    Cancer of meibomian glands that can resemble chalazion
  17. What is a macule?
    • Flat area with change of color <1cm
    • Freckle
  18. What is a papule?
    • Elevated, less than 1 cm
    • Wart
  19. What is a patch?
    • Flat, irregular macule bigger than 1 cm
    • Caf? au lait spots
  20. What is a plaque?
    • Elevated, rough, firm lesion greater than 1 cm
    • Psoriasis
  21. What is a nodule?
    Elevated, firm lesion 1-2 cm
  22. What is eczema?
    Thick areas on hands and wrist and face that are pruritic
  23. What is psoriasis?
    Scaling lesions on knees, elbows, scalp
  24. What is seborrheic dermatitis?
  25. What is the tx for psoriasis?
    Methotrexate, UVB exposure
  26. What is impetigo?
    Gram + infection with yellow crusts
  27. What does nail clubbing signify?
    Respiratory / cardiovascular disorders
  28. What is CREST syndrome?
    • (scleroderma)
    • Calcinosis
    • Raynaud's
    • Esophageal dysmotility
    • Sclerodactyly
    • Telangiectasia
  29. What is the outer layer of the skin called?
  30. What is the epidermis made of?
    Stratified squamous keratinized epithelium
  31. What are the layers of the epidermis from most internal to most external?
    • Stratum basal
    • Stratum spinosum
    • Stratum granulosum
    • Stratum lucidum
    • Stratum corneum
  32. How long does it take for keratin cells to become the stratum corneum from the stratum basal?
    2 weeks
  33. Where in the epidermis is keratin produced?
    Stratum spinosum
  34. What does the dermis do?
    • Contains sensory nerve endings
    • Contains vascularization
  35. What type of nerve endings account for the sense of touch in the dermis?
    • Open-ended endings
    • Encapsulated nerve endings
  36. What are Ruffini/Merkel discs?
    Open-ended nerve endings for touch
  37. What are pacinian corpuscles?
    Encapsulated nerve endings for touch and pressure
  38. What type of nerve endings sense pain?
    Noci receptors
  39. What is the hypodermis?
    • Adipose tissue under the dermis
    • Hair follicles
    • Serves as an insulator