Summary of Cranial Nerves

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
297203
Filename:
Summary of Cranial Nerves
Updated:
2015-03-01 16:38:00
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Anatomy WSU
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Description:
Name, Attachment to Brain, Exit Route from Skull, and Functions
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  1. Cranial Nerve II
    • Name: Olfactory
    • Attachment to Brain: Olfactory Bulb
    • Exit Route from Skull: Cribriform formamina
    • Function: Special Sensory: Smell
  2. Cranial Nerve II
    • Name: Optic
    • Attachment to Brain: Diencephalon
    • Exit Route from Skull: Optic Canal
    • Function: Special Sensory: Vision
  3. Cranial Nerve III
    • Name: Oculomotor
    • Attachment to Brain: Midbrain
    • Exit Route from Skull: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: supplies four muscles that move the eyeball
  4. Cranial Nerve IV
    • Name: Trochlear 
    • Attachment to Brain: Posterior Midbrain
    • Exit Route from Skull: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: supplies one muscle that moves the eyebal
  5. Cranial Nerve V
    • Name: Trigeminal
    • Attachment to Brain: Pons
  6. Cranial Nerve V1
    • Name: Opthalmic
    • Exit Route from Skull: Superior Orbital Fissure
    • Function: General Sensation: from forehead, anterior scalp, upper eyelids, eyeball, and nasal cavity.
  7. Cranial Nerve V2
    • Name: Maxillary 
    • Exit Route from Skull: Foramen Rotundum
    • Function: General Sensation: from skin over maxilla, upper lip, side of nose, lower eyelid, and upper teeth
  8. Cranial Nerve V3
    • Name: Mandibular
    • Exit Route from Skull: Foramen ovale
    • Function: General Sensation: from skin over mandible, lower lip, lower teeth, floor of the mouth and anterior 2/3 of tongue
  9. Cranial Nerve VI
    • Name: Abducens
    • Attachment to Brain: junctions of the pons and medulla
    • Exit Route from Skull: Superior orbital fissure
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: one muscle that moves the eyeball
  10. Cranial Nerve VII
    • Name: Facial
    • Attachment to Brain: Facial junctions of the pons and medulla
    • Exit Route from Skull: Internal acoustic meatus
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: muscles of facial expression and posterior belly of digastric
  11. Cranial Nerve VIII
    • Name: Vestibulocochlear 
    • Attachment to Brain: junctions of pons and medulla 
    • Exit Route from Skull: internal acoustic meatus
    • Function: Special Sensory: equilibrium, head position, motion, and hearing
  12. Cranial Nerve IX
    • Name: Glossopharyngeal
    • Attachment to Brain:  Medulla
    • Exit Route from Skull: Jugular foramen
    • Function: Skeletal motor: one muscle of the pharynx
  13. Cranial Nerve X
    • Name: Vagus
    • Attachment to Brain: Medulla
    • Exit Route from Skull: Jugular foramen
    • Function: Skeletal motor: muscles of the throat and larynx
  14. Cranial Nerve XI
    • Name: Spinal Accessory
    • Attachment to Brain: Spinal Cord
    • Exit Route from Skull: Jugular Foramen
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: Sternocleidomastoid and trapezius
  15. Cranial Nerve XII
    • Name: Hypoglossal
    • Attachment to Brain: Medulla
    • Exit Route from Skull: Hypoglossal Canal
    • Function: Skeletal Motor: Tongue muscles

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