Card Set Information
a quantity of food capable of producing such an amount of energy
to supply the tissue-building materials
what are some animal protein foods?
meat, pultry, fish, eggs, and milk products
twice as much energy and calories as carbohydrates or protein
main source of fuel/energy for the body
where are complex carbohydrates found?
grains, vegetables, and legumes
where are simple carbohydrates found?
glucose, sucrose, and fructose. (SUGAR)
purpose for minerals.
involved in many body functions
the most abundant mineral in the body is
required for blood to clot and for the heart to function normally
necessary for building bones and teeth
this mineral carries oxygen in the blood
this vitamin helps the body absorb iron better
deficiency of this mineral can cause a goiter
this mineral maintains proper fluid balance in the body and helps muscles relax/ contract properly
how many vitamins does the body need to function normally?
13 essential vitamins
what are the four fat-soluble vitamins?
why are vitamins A,D,E,K called fat-soluble vitamins?
because they dissolve in fat
nine other vitamins are called?
water solubles include what vitamins?
eight B vitamins and Vitamin C
Vitamin A is important for what body function?
purpose of Vitamin C
maintain the cementing material that holds body cells together
Vitamin C is needed for
wound healing, development of blood vessels, bones, teeth, and other tissues
what is the sun vitamin?
what is another source of Vitamin D besides fortified milk?
helps preserve the cell tissues
this vitamin is essential because it indirectly helps blood clot
what are the 3 known B Vitamins?
riboflavin, thiamine, and niacin
this vitamin release the energy in foods, have a role in the nervous system, keep digestive system working calmly and maintain a healthy skin
B Vitamins; riboflavin, thiamin, niacin
this Vitamin B prevents a disease called pellagra
needed to maintain normal hemoglobin(the substance in blood that carries oxygen to the tissues)
other B Vitamins; B6,B12, and folacin
this other B Vitamins help in the production of red blood cells
often called the forgotten nutrient
what helps transport nutrients, remove waste, and regulate body temperature?