Food Nutrition

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Author:
racelthegreat
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297245
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Food Nutrition
Updated:
2015-03-01 22:35:26
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  1. a quantity of food capable of producing such an amount of energy
    calorie
  2. to supply the tissue-building materials
    protein
  3. what are some animal protein foods?
    meat, pultry, fish, eggs, and milk products
  4. twice as much energy and calories as carbohydrates or protein
    fat
  5. main source of fuel/energy for the body
    carbohydrates
  6. where are complex carbohydrates found?
    grains, vegetables, and legumes
  7. where are simple carbohydrates found?
    glucose, sucrose, and fructose. (SUGAR)
  8. purpose for minerals.
    involved in many body functions
  9. the most abundant mineral in the body is
    calcium
  10. required for blood to clot and for the heart to function normally
    calcium
  11. necessary for building bones and teeth
    phosphorus
  12. this mineral carries oxygen in the blood
    iron
  13. this vitamin helps the body absorb iron better
    vitamin c
  14. deficiency of this mineral can cause a goiter
    iodine
  15. this mineral maintains proper fluid balance in the body and helps muscles relax/ contract properly
    sodium
  16. how many vitamins does the body need to function normally?
    13 essential vitamins
  17. what are the four fat-soluble vitamins?
    Vitamins A,D,E,K
  18. why are vitamins A,D,E,K called fat-soluble vitamins?
    because they dissolve in fat
  19. nine other vitamins are called?
    water-solubles
  20. water solubles include what vitamins?
    eight B vitamins and Vitamin C
  21. Vitamin A is important for what body function?
    eye
  22. purpose of Vitamin C
    maintain the cementing material that holds body cells together
  23. Vitamin C is needed for
    wound healing, development of blood vessels, bones, teeth, and other tissues
  24. what is the sun vitamin?
    Vitamin D
  25. what is another source of Vitamin D besides fortified  milk?
    sun
  26. helps preserve the cell tissues
    Vitamin E
  27. this vitamin is essential because it indirectly  helps blood clot
    Vitamin K
  28. what are the 3 known B Vitamins?
    riboflavin, thiamine, and niacin
  29. this vitamin release the energy in foods, have a role in the nervous system, keep digestive system working calmly and maintain a healthy skin
    B Vitamins; riboflavin, thiamin, niacin
  30. this Vitamin B prevents a disease called pellagra
    niacin
  31. needed to maintain normal hemoglobin(the substance in blood that carries oxygen to the tissues)
    other B Vitamins; B6,B12, and folacin
  32. this other B Vitamins help in the production of red blood cells
    folacin
  33. often called the forgotten nutrient
    water
  34. what helps transport nutrients, remove waste, and regulate body temperature?
    water

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