Body Systems

Card Set Information

Author:
benjaminjasperson
ID:
297298
Filename:
Body Systems
Updated:
2015-03-04 08:25:17
Tags:
body systems organs
Folders:
biology
Description:
Human and plant biology for 6th grade
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  1. Lungs: a pair of organs in the respiratory system that pulls in oxygen and pushes out carbdioxide
  2. Stomach: an organ in the digestive system that uses acid and enzymes to break down food
  3. Stoma (singular) or Stomata (plural): a cell-sized who that opens to allow sunlight into the plant for photosynthesis and closes to slow water loss from transpiration
  4. Kidneys: a pair of organs in the urinary system (within the excretory system) that pulls waste and excess water out of blood
  5. Transpiration: the less of water from plant leaves.  The allows water and nutrients to move up through the plant.  It also cools the plant.
  6. Skeletal System: the bones and cartilage give structure to the body
  7. Geotropism: geo- Earth + tope -direction.  Example: roots turn to grow toward the Earth, stems turn to grow away from the Earth
  8. Xylem and phloem: tissues in plants (including trees) that help move minerals around
  9. Small Intestine: an organ in the digestive system that absorbs most needed nutrients
  10. Hydrotropism: hydro- water + trope- turn Example: plant roots turn toward water
    • Chemotropism: chemo- chemical + trope- turn
    • Example: pollen stem grow toward plant ovules
    • Thermotropism: thermo- heat +trope-turn
    • Example: plant leaves grow toward warm areas
    • Phototropism: photo-light + trope-turn
    • Example: plant stems grow toward light
  11. Heart: an organ in the circulatory system that pumps blood throughout the body
  12. Blood vessels: arteries, veins, and capillaries are tissues in the circulatory system that carry blood.
  13. Gills: a pair of organs in fishes' respiratory system that takes oxygen from water
  14. White Blood Cells: cells in the immune system that help fight diseases
  15. Bone Marrow: a tissue within the bones of the skeletal system that produces white blood cells
  16. Spleen: an organ in the immune system that creates and stores blood cells
  17. Neurons: cells in the nervous system send electrical signals throughout the body to produce sensations

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