RxC contingency tables
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What makes an RxC contingency table?
When R denotes rows and C denotes columns (duh)

For RxC tables, how is the null expressed?
 P(Help0) = P(Help1) = P(Help4)
 This is a statement about probabilities in a population

How do you calculate the probabilities for a cell?
Divide the value by the total for that column

How are the expected values calculated?
Row total x column total over grand total

When we collapse over categories?
When it makes theoretical sense to do so

What do we do when there is no clear IV or DV?
We provide a measure of association rather than conditional probabilities

What is the formula for the phi coefficient?

What are the phi ratings and who suggested them?
 0.1: Small effect
 0.3: Medium effect
 0.5: Large effect

What is Cramér's coefficient?
 A more general form of the phi coefficient used for RxC tables
 This was coined by Harald Cramér

What is the formula for Cramér's coefficient?
 N: Total sample size
 k: The smaller figure between R + C

What are the effect sizes for 2 (df = 1) tables?
 Small: .10
 Medium: .30
 Large: .50

What are the effect sizes for 3 (df = 1) tables?
 Small: .07
 Medium: .21
 Large: .35

What are the effect sizes for 4 (df = 1) tables?
 Small: .06
 Medium: .17
 Large: .29

What are the hypotheses for correlation?

What are the hypotheses for probability?