1750: Acid-Base

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Author:
xiongav
ID:
297335
Filename:
1750: Acid-Base
Updated:
2015-03-02 17:33:31
Tags:
AB
Folders:

Description:
AB
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  1. Resp. Acidosis.

    What conditions are associated with Resp. Acid?
    • COPD
    • Asthma
    • Pneumonia
    • Atelectasis
    • Increased sedative use
    • Obesity
  2. Resp. Alkalosis.

    What conditions are associated w/ Resp. Alk?

    *Hypo or Hyper -ventilation?
    • Anxiety
    • Stress
    • Increased deep tendon reflexes
    • Tetany
    • Chest tightness

    *HYPERventilation (blows off TOO much CO2)
  3. Metabolic Acid.

    What conditions are associated w/ Metabolic Acid?

    Slow or Rapid respirations?
    • Diarrhea
    • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    • Fistulas
    • *Kussmaul Respirations (rapid, deep resp)
    • Sepsis
  4. Metabolic Alk.

    What conditions are associated w/ Metabolic Alk?

    Slow/Rapid respirations?
    • Vomiting
    • NG suction
    • Constipation
    • *Excessive antacid use (TUMS)
    • Shallow breathing & slow
    • Hypoxia
    • Needs Na/K replacement
  5. Compensation.

    Explain how to configure:
    Compensated
    Partial
    Uncompensated
    • Compensated: 
    • pH: normal
    • ~PaCO2 & HCO3- Abnormal.

    • Partial:
    • pH: Ab
    • ~PaCO2 & HCO3- Abnormal.

    • Uncompensated:
    • pH: Ab
    • ~PaCO2 OR HCO3- Ab

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