MS- Osteomyelitis.txt

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Author:
Mawad
ID:
297350
Filename:
MS- Osteomyelitis.txt
Updated:
2015-03-02 18:10:43
Tags:
musculoskeletal osteomyelitis
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Description:
vetmed
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  1. Inflammation often associated with degeneration, necrosis, lysis, and attempts at repair of bone due to infection.
    infectious inflammation of bone
  2. 3 causes of infection inflammation of bone.
    bacteria, fungi, virus
  3. Bacteria cause ____________.
    suppurative osteomyelitis
  4. Fungi cause ______________.
    pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis
  5. ___________ infection can kill osteoclasts.
    CDV
  6. 3 agents that cause infection inflammation of bone.
    toxins, lytic enzymes, membrane proteins that activate host cells
  7. 3 host mechanisms of infectious inflammation of bone.
    humoral factors, inflammatory cells, degenerate, necrotic, reactive structural cells
  8. Fibroblasts produce _________.
    scar tissue
  9. Osteoblasts lay down __________, which contribute to infectious osteomyelitis pathogenesis.
    reactive woven bone
  10. Localization of embolic bacteria at the __________ of young animals can cause infectious inflammation of bone.
    growth plates
  11. 5 reasons the physis/AE complex appear to favor bacterial colonization.
    slow/turbulent flow in capillary loop, fenestrated endothelial cells, low resident histiocyte population, no anastomoses (ease of thrombosis), selective receptors in cartilage/bone matrix for bacteria
  12. A focus of coagulation necrosis that is separated from adjacent normal tissue by a reactive wall.
    sequestra
  13. The reactive wall that separates a sequestra from adjacent normal tissue.
    involucrum
  14. __________ is a predisposing factor for the development of coagulation necrosis in bone.
    Inflammation
  15. Bacteria can produce toxins that...
    kill bone cells and prevent lysis of the dead bone
  16. Hypertrophic osteodystrophy/ metaphyseal osteopathy.
    non-infectious inflammation of bone
  17. Hypertrophic osteodystrophy causes... (3)
    metaphyseal suppuration, necrosis, and infarctions
  18. Eosinophilic panosteitis is neither _________ nor __________.
    eosinophilic; inflammatory
  19. Eosinophilic panosteitis occurs at the _________, causing...
    diaphysis; periosteal and endocortical woven bone formation

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