REL-Midterm

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Author:
tt23
ID:
297385
Filename:
REL-Midterm
Updated:
2015-03-03 16:24:43
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Midterm
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Description:
Religion
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  1. Sol Invictus
    • Imperial Cult
    • Unconquered Sun
    • Primary God in the Roman Empire
  2. Platonism
    • Matter is corrupt, spirit is pure
    • Greek Philosophy
  3. Logos
    • Gnostic religion
    • Christ is the same
    • Logic
    • Universal reason
  4. Saducees
    • Preist
    • Main focus is rituals
    • Sacrifice animals
  5. Pharisees
    • Synagogues
    • Scribes
    • Scholars
  6. Zealots
    Rebels
  7. Essenes
    • Rejected Religion
    • Influenced Jewish Christian group
  8. Messiah
    Annointed
  9. Gnostic Theology
    • via gnosis, "knowledge"
    • Creator god is NOT a god, nor the REAL God
    • Jesus only APPEARED to be incarnation of God
  10. Gnostic Figures
    • The Demiurge - Ignorant of his origins
    • Sophia - Wisdom of YHWY, Female counterpart to Logos, Mother of Demiurge
    • Jesus - Bodily recipient of Christ
    • Christ - Savior of humanity, Entered and exited Jesus' body at opportune times
  11. catholic
    "universal" church
  12. heterodoxy
    Different doctrine
  13. heresy
    • Rejected church doctrine
    • Anyone who went against the church doctrine
  14. Orthodox
    • Correct doctrine
    • Creator God of Jewish tradition is THE God
    • Jesus is the Son of God
  15. Orthodox Practices
    • Eucharist
    • Baptism
    • Profession of Faith
  16. Jesus of Nazareth
    • Parents are Mary and Joseph
    • Poor Jewish man (father was a carpenter)
    • Went to Jerusalem around age 30
  17. Trial and Execution of Jesus
    • Roman found him guilty of treason
    • Sentenced to death by crucifixion
    • Threat to the Roman empire
  18. Paul of Tarsus
    • Pharisee - Educated Jew and Roman citizen
    • Scholar of Jewish religion
    • Originally persecuted Jewish-Christians
    • Conversion Experience
    • Converter of Gentiles
    • Traveled - multiple journeys around the empire
    • Wrote letters of scripture
    • Sin - contributed concept of sin
  19. Sin
    • flaw
    • guilt
    • corruption
  20. Martyr
    witness - those who die for faith
  21. Constantine
    • Emperor who legalized christianity
    • Not christian till his death bed
    • Moved the capital
    • Organized the first council
    • Debates about doctrine
  22. Theotokos
    God bearer (Mary)
  23. Pre-Crusades
    • West and East split
    • Rapid growth of Christianity among commoners/peasants
  24. Church in East
    • Prosperous - trade routes
    • Threats from Muslims
    • Coexisting (sometimes with Muslim rulers)
  25. Church in Europe
    • Conversions of Franks, Goths, Saxons, Danish, Polish, Irish, Slavs, etc.
    • Feudal system
    • Wealthy patrons support cathedrals
  26. Why the started the Crusades?
    • Christian Pilgrims treated poorly in Jerusalem
    • Seljuk Turks closed pilgrimage sites to Christians
    • Orthodox call for help from Catholics
    • Pope Urban II calls for a "croisade" from French, Germans, and Italians
  27. First Crusade
    • Fighters had red cross patches
    • First wave defeated
    • Second wave successful
    • Captured Antioch
    • Targeted Muslims and Orthodox
    • Killed everyone once in Jerusalem, captured city
  28. Second Crusade
    • German and French kings joined forces
    • Edessa reclaimed by Muslim forces
    • Failed to reclaim lost land from Muslims in the "Holy Lands"
    • Saladind united Muslims and took control of Jerusalem
  29. Third Crusade
    • King of England could not capture Jerusalem from Muslims
    • France and Germany had fled the scene
    • King Richard and Saladin called a truce
  30. Forth Crusade
    • Italian crusaders attacked Orthodox instead of Jerusalem
    • Largest influx of relics brought to Europe
  31. Outcome of Crusades
    • Muslims retained control of Jerusalem
    • Catholic church wealthier for donations by Crusaders
    • Wealth in East result of access to trade routes
    • Spices enter Europe
    • Spanish eventually expel Muslims and Jews
  32. Augustine
    • Had a prostitute girlfriend
    • Stole from neighbor
    • Wrote confessions, original sins
    • From Roman Empire
  33. Christ
    The Messiah (annointed)
  34. Theodosius
    • The Great
    • Roman Emperor
    • Made Christianity official religion in Roman Empire
    • Last emperor who ruled over both eastern and western halves of the Roman Empire
  35. Filioque
    • Schism
    • From the Son
    • Controversy between Eastern and Western churches
    • Catholic - equality, believed God & Jesus are the same
    • Orthodox - Hierarchy, believed Jesus is not the same as God

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