A & P Ch 10

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Author:
o904halo
ID:
29739
Filename:
A & P Ch 10
Updated:
2010-08-12 17:29:10
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blood
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blood
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  1. functions of the blood
    • supplies oxygen to organs and tissues
    • removal of carbon dioxide
    • temp regulation
    • water balance
    • maintenance of acid base metabolism
    • transports nutrients and removal of waste products of metabolism
    • transport of messenger substances
    • immunity and wound healing activities
  2. 2 parts of blood
    cells and plasma
  3. transports O2 to tissue and CO2 away from tissues
    erthrocytes
  4. protect the body against infection and diseases
    leukocytes
  5. important for blood coagulation, controls hemorrhage after vessel injuries
    thrombocytes
  6. a protein in plasma that helps prevents edema and maintains BP
    albumin
  7. plasma protein necessary for blood clotting
    fibrinogen
  8. plasma proteins that is an antibody that fights off invasion of pathogens
    immuneglobins
  9. picks up CO2 for transport back to the lungs to be expired and transports NO
    RBCs
  10. ingest and destroys bacteria thru phagocytes, also contributes to puss
    neutrophils
  11. increases in the presence of certain infections, allergies etc phagocytize the remaining antigen
    eosinphils
  12. secretes heparin and histamine in response to chronic inflammation during healing
    basophils
  13. helps to form antibodies at side of inflammation
    lymphocytes
  14. phagocytize nonbacterial foreign substances
    monocytes
  15. adhere to the walls of the blood vessels at the site of injury to plug defect
    thrombocytes
  16. stem cells that are capable of developing into various types of cells
    pluripotent cells
  17. bloods that are formed in the red bone marrow, 120 day lifespan
    RBCs
  18. marker on the surface of RBCs that is blood protein
    agglutinogen
  19. protein present in blood plasma
    agglutinin
  20. occurs when thrombin reacts with fibrinogen and forms fibrin, which has the ability to stabilize clots
    hemostatis
  21. given to replace blood loss during surgery trauma and internal bleeding
    blood replacement
  22. disease of the blood that is caused by factors that result in destruction or hemolysis of RBCs, resulting in low blood count
    anemia
  23. anemia that is caused by internal bleeding
    hemorrhagic anemia
  24. anemia results from improperly functioning bone marrow
    aplastic anemia
  25. anemia caused by absence of intrinsic factor secreted by the stomach
    pernicious anemia

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