mid term review
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wealth, power and pristige
dynamics of social stratification linked to?
inequalities that develop around
3 types of stratification
- 1. egalitarian -relative equality
- 2. ranked-distinct hierarchy in social order
- 3. stratified-defined social classes
concentrated in political roles
politics and power
2 forms of status:
achieved status and ascribed status
exchange of equal value. form alliances and social obligation
can be use to enhance position of ellite
buying and selling of goods/ services. based on supply and demand
land and goods privately owned.
capital invested for profit.
people's labor is a commodity
4 allocation of resources
- 1. reciprocity
- 2. redistribution
- 3. market exchange
- 4. capitalism
group of related household within territory
foragers( hunt, gather plant foods, fish)
kinship-based communities that share a region, common language and culture
two basic types of food production
horticultural and pastoral
slash and burn farming. technology-hand tools, hoes or digging sticks.
sustainable local investment
plots left fallow
limited population density
subsistence around herds
kinship descent groups
society organized under primary, often sacred, chief as head of ranked hierarchy of descent lineages.
subsistence strategy: agriculture
social status- ascribed status
economic exchange-redistribution or tribute
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