RMA Chapter #

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RMA Chapter #
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2010-08-12 17:32:02
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medical assistant review
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  1. Which of the following is an appropriate site for capillary blood collection?
    A. Small toe
    B. Earlobe
    C. Heel
    D. Both B and C
    E. All of the above
    D
  2. Which cells play a vital role in internal respiration?
    A. Bone marrow cells
    B. Erythrocytes
    C. Leukocytes
    D. Mast cells
    E. Basophils
    B
  3. What is the longest time a tourniquet should remain on a patient's arm?
    A. 1 minute
    B. 2 minutes
    C. 3 minutes
    D. 4 minutes
    E. 5 minutes
    A
  4. Dysuria is
    A. Inability to retain urine
    B. Painful or difficult urination
    C. Increased output of urine
    D. Decreased output of urine
    E. Micturition
    B
  5. Which of the following devices might be used to collect blood from fragile veins?
    A. A finger stick lancet
    B. A Vacutainer system
    C. A butterfly needle
    D. An automatic puncturing device
    E. None of the above
    C
  6. A blue stopper indicates that a collection tube
    A. is sterile
    B. is to be used only for capillary puncture
    C. Contains the additive EDTA
    D. contains an antiseptic
    E. Contains sodium citrate
    E
  7. To test for substances that are sporadically released into urine, a physician might order which type of urine specimen?
    A. 24 hour
    B. clean catch
    C. random
    D first voided
    E. timed
    A
  8. To follow Universal Precautions in phlebotomy, you should
    A. wash your hand
    B. wear examination gloves
    C. recap the needle after blood is drawn and dispose of it in a biohazard container
    D. both A and B
    E. all of the above
    D
  9. A medical assistant or a phlebotomist should not attempt to obtain blood from any patient more than
    A. one time
    B. two times
    C. three times
    D. four times
    E. five times
    B
  10. If a urinalysis cannot be performed within 30 minutes after collection, the urine specimen must be stored
    A. in an incubator
    B. in a freezer
    C. at room temperature
    D. in a refridgerator
    D
  11. Specific gravity may be measured by all of the following methods except
    A. dipstick
    B. urinometer
    C. microscope
    D. refractometer
    E. reagent strip
    C
  12. The quality control log
    A. lists specimens sent to another laboratory for testing
    B. shows when the testing equipment was last calibrated
    C. shows all the procedures completed during the workday
    D. shows the quality testing performed on every batch of reagent product
    E. documents maintenance done on laboratory equipment
    B
  13. Which of the following stains is specific to blood?
    A. contrast
    B. gram's
    C. Wright's
    D. Basic
    E. Agar
    C
  14. The color code for an evacuation tube that does not contain an additive is
    A. Red
    B. Lavender
    C. Gray
    D. Red and black
    E. Yellow
    A
  15. A creatine kinase test is done to help diagnose which of the following conditions?
    A. muscular dystrophies and heart disease
    B. infection or leukemia
    C. cancer
    D. kidney disorder
    E. uterine disorder
    A
  16. Which of the following describes a centrifuge?
    A. machine used to count blood cells
    B. machine used to separate particles
    C. machine used to heat cultures
    D. Machinre used to analyze specimen
    E. Machine used to clean laboratory equipment
    B
  17. An erythrocyte sedimentation rate test might be used to
    A. test for specific antibodies in the blood
    B. determine sickle cell anemia or inflammation and infection
    C. determine obesity and phenylketonuria
    D. determine liver disease and hypothyroidism
    E. Determine the type and level of vitamins
    B
  18. How should the patient's arm be positioned when drawing blood in phlebotomy?
    A. Above heart level
    B. bent at the elbow
    C. hanging down
    D. slightly upward
    E. slightly downward
    E
  19. Which of the following is used in direct examination of a specimen?
    A. wet mount
    B. Gram's stain
    C. agar
    D. petri dish
    E. both B and C
    A
  20. The venipuncture site most uncommonly used on adults is the
    A. basilic vein
    B. median cubital
    C. cephalic vein
    D. brachial vein
    E. iliac vein
    B
  21. After preparing a KOH mount,
    A. examine the slide immediately
    B. let the specimen sit at room temperature
    C. refridgerate the specimen immediately
    D.place the specimen in an incubator
    E. either A or B
    B
  22. Before inoculating a culture plate, you should
    A. label it on top
    B. Label it on the bottom, agar side
    C. label it with the patient's name and your initials only
    D. both B and C
    E. both A and C
    B
  23. The first step in preparing a culture plate is to
    A. refridgerate it
    B. warm it
    C. add the specimen
    D. label it
    E. wash it
    D
  24. Albumin found in urine might indicate
    A. renal failure
    B. heart failure
    C. hypertension
    D. fever
    E. all of the above
    E
  25. Urine that is too acidic could indicate
    A. urinary tract infection
    B. renal failure
    C. diabetes
    D. gout
    E. incontinence
    D
  26. If a drop of blood does not form after capillary puncture, which of the following should be done?
    A. puncture the skin again
    B. push repeatedly on the finger as if milking it
    C. applying a tourniquet
    D. apply steady pressure
    E. wait til a drop does form
    D
  27. Whic of the following causes would give plasma or serum a milky appearence?
    A. hyperlipidemia
    B. kidney disease
    C. cancer
    D. protein disorder
    E. vegetarian diet
    A
  28. Which of the following is used in preparing a blood smear slide?
    A. hemoclip
    B. microhematocrit
    C. lens paper
    D. automatic puncturing device
    E. spreader slide
    E
  29. Sensitivity testing is used to determine
    A. a pathogen's susceptibility to antibiotics
    B. a patient's susceptibility to antibiotics
    C. a patient's susceptibility to a pathogen
    D. a pathogen's susceptibility to antiseptic agents
    E. none of the above
    A
  30. A diaper rash on a pediatric patient may indicate which of the following?
    A. possible diabetes
    B. urinary tract infection
    C. renal dysfunction
    D. enuresis
    E. noctural enuresis
    C
  31. The amylase test is used for disorders related to the heart
    A. heart
    B. brain
    C. pancreas
    D. lymphatic system
    E. endocrine system
    C
  32. A physician may order a stool culture if he or she suspects
    A. cancer
    B. protozoal infection
    C. bacterial infection
    D. colitis
    E. all of the above
    E
  33. Fasting specimens are preferred for which of the following tests?
    A. creatinine
    B. triglycerides
    C. thyroid function
    D. hemoglobin
    E. albumin
    B
  34. The anticagulant EDTA is most appropriate for a blood specimen that has been collected for
    A. glucose tolerence tests
    B. complete blood cells counts
    C. blood cultures
    D. Plasma toxicology
    E. coagulation studies
    B

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