World War One Exam

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yuppitzgio
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297496
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World War One Exam
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2015-03-04 00:04:23
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  1. Long-Term Causes of War
    • Militarism - glorification of military strength
    • Alliance System - would help prevent a war if the sides were even
    • Imperialism - tensions grew as the powers of Europe competed for territory
    • Nationalism - extreme pride in one's country
  2. Triple Alliance/Triple Entente
    • Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
    • Triple Entente: GB, France, Russia
  3. Central Powers/Allied Powers
    • Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
    • Allied Powers: France, Russia - leaves in 1917, GB, Italy - enters in 1915, US - enters in 1917
  4. June 28, 1914
    Assassination of Archduke
  5. July 28, 1914
    Austria declares war on Serbia - WWI begins
  6. Schlieffen Plan
    • Germany's plan for beginning & winning the war
    • invade France by neutral Belgium
    • Capture Pars & defeat remaining armies
    • Focus on Russia in the East
  7. Mechanization
    • Makes war less personal
    • Tanks - introduced by Britain (not a game changer)
    • Poison Gas - suffocated/blinded 1000s
    • U-Boats (submarines) & Airplanes (airplanes not a game changer)
  8. May 7, 1915
    Lusitania sank off the Irish Coast - 128 Americans on board
  9. National Defense Act
    • Doubled the size of the army
    • Set up officer training camps
    • $313 million for the navy
  10. 2 Reasons US entered war
    • Zimmerman Note
    • Resumption of unrestricted U-Boat warfare
  11. April 2, 1917
    Congress declares war (WWI) for the 4th time
  12. 11 AM November 11, 1918
    Armistice - ceasefire
  13. Marshall Foch
    promoted as the commander of Allied Forces on the Western Front
  14. January 18, 1919
    Paris Peace Conference
  15. Big Four
    • David Lloyd George - Britain
    • Georges Clemenceau - France
    • Vittorio Orlando - Italy
    • Woodrow Wilson - US
  16. Wilson's 14 Points
    • A country for ever nationality - let's give them all their own countries
    • no more secrete treaties; freedom of the seas & trade barriers
    • League of Nations - international police prevent future wars
  17. Reparations
    • war payments
    • US never charges Germany any reparations but other Allied countries do
  18. June 28, 1919
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • Signed b/t the Allied Powers & Germany
    • German colonies & parts of Ottoman Empire divided among Allies
    • Austria-Hungary divided
  19. Buffer Zone
    new countries are b/t Western Europe & USSR
  20. Mandate System
    new countries are "looked after" by advanced ones
  21. Disarming Germany + Art 231
    • Not allowed to have certain types of weapons
    • Army limited to 100,000
    • Rhineland occupied by Allied forces
    • "War Guilt Clause"
    • Art 231: Germany is forced to accept full blame for the war
  22. Features of Roaring Twenties - Age of Prosperity
    • Economic expansion
    • Mass production
    • Assembly line
    • Age of the automobile
    • Urban growth
    • Low factory wages
    • Ailing agriculture...
  23. Foreign Policy Debate in the 20's
    • Interventionism vs. Disarmament
    • Interventionism: collective security (League of Nations), "Wilsonism (14 pts), business interests
    • Disarmament: isolationism, nativists, anti-war movement, conservative republicans
  24. Red scare
    • Widespread fear of supposed Communists & radicals
    • Palmer Raids - arrest 1000's of suspected radicals (many just bc they were from Eastern Europe) - sim. to Salem Witch Trials
  25. ACLU
    • American Civil Liberties Union
    • formed to protect American liberties
  26. Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
    men were accused of murder (they looked Italian)
  27. Kellogg-Briand Pact
    • 62 nations pledged to outlaw war
    • Problems --> no means of actual enforcement & gave Americans a false sense of security
  28. Dawes Plan
    US would refinance Germany's debt to the other Allied Powers - lower payments
  29. Campaigned for return to normalcy
    Legacy of scandals
    Ohio Gang – relied on friends from OH --> greedy & corrupt
    “Teapot Dome” scandal – Sec. of Interior sold US oil reserves to people for profit
    Died in Office – right when scandals were just starting to surface
    Harding
  30. “The business of America is business”
    Reduced the debt & spending
    Economic Growth
    No help for farmers, factor workers, minorities
    “Silent Cal”
    Coolidge
  31. Reasons for support of Prohibition
    • Crime and abuse reports
    • Religious-affiliated groups
    • After WWI - seemed unpatriotic
  32. Reasons for repeal of prohibition
    • Created more problems than it solved
    • Speakeasies & bootleggers
  33. Reasons for Great Depression
    • Sharp decline for farmers after WWI
    • Uneven distribution of wealth
    • Credit, credit, credit
    • Laissez-Faire - little govt. regulation
    • Black Tuesday: Oct. 29, 1929 - Stock Market Crash
    • Bank failures
    • Business closures/high unemployment
    • Tariffs make matters worse
  34. Response of the Govt. to Great Depression
    • Believed in economic cycle
    • Limited govt. role
    • asked for private business to keep wages and prices the same
    • Lower taxes, public works
    • Encouraged charity
    • Relied on state and local levels
    • No govt. aid to families
  35. New Deal
    • FDR promised a New Deal but was not quite sure how to improve the economy
    • “Brain Trust” assembled intelligent men and women to help him solve economic problems
    • 3 R’s: Relief, Recovery, Reform
    • 4-Day “Bank Holiday”
    • Fireside chats: informal radio addresses - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insured bank deposits
  36. Second New Deal
    • Works Progress Administration: highways, shipping, and land/water conservation
    • Social Security Act
    • Fair Labor Standards Act: outlawed child labor, reduced hours, increased min. wage
    • United states Housing Authority: low cost housing
    • Larger Federal Govt.Welfare State: “no one is left out”Expanded role of the Presidency

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