The equine vet's role
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. What would you like to do?
What documentation must all equids have (from 2009 onwards)?
A horse passport and microchip
What drug cannot be used in horses intended for human consumption?
Where are microchips implanted in the horse?
In the left side of the middle third of the horses neck, in the nuchal ligament
True or false: in the UK anyone can insert a microchip into a horse?
False: only veterinary surgeons can do this
A horse passport is the responsibility of the ...?
Keeper (who may or may not be the owner e.g. responsibility of the livery owner in horses living in their yard)
When must foals be microchipped by?
By 6 months old or the 31st December in their year of birth
It is an offence to move a horse without its passport, what are the exceptions to this rule?
- Whilst stabled, at pasture or moving temporarily on foot
- (Must be prepared to produce the passport without delay!)
What are the different sections in a horse passport for? a) I and II b) IV c) V and VI?
- a) Identification
- b) part II is signed for horses not intended for human consumption, part III is for horses intended for slaughter for human consumption
- c) vaccination records (V = flu vaccinations, VI = any other vaccinations)
True or false: once a horse has been declared not intended for human consumption this can be reversed?
False: this is IRREVERSIBLE. Once signed there is no restriction on the drugs that can be used.
What piece of legislation covers the welfare of animals? What principles are based on this pice of legislation?
- Animal health and welfare act 2006
- The five freedoms
What disease can poor stable ventilation and forage/bedding quality lead to?
Recurrent airway obstruction
What can barbed wire fencing result in?
What condition does obesity increase the risk of in horses?
How often should owners check their horses that are a) stabled b) at pasture?
- a) at least twice a day
- b) at least once a day
How often should horses have routine foot care/trimming?
Every 4-8 weeks
How often should horses have routine dental care?
6 months - 1 year
How often should you pick out and inspect your horses feet?
At least once daily
What is laminitis?
Inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the hoof resulting in detachment of the inner hoof wall to the distal phalanx
What is the ideal BCS for horses?
BCS 3 (2.5-3.5)
List three endemic respiratory diseases in the UK
Equine influenza, Strangles (Streptococcus equi), Equine herpes
Ideally, how long should new horses be in isolation for?
What other procedures should ideally be carried out whilst a new horse is in isolation?
Deworming and screening for infection
What MUST horses be vaccinated against?
What other diseases can horses be vaccinated against?
Equine influenza, strangles, equine herpes
What pathogen causes tetanus and where is it found?
Clostridium tetani, it is found in the environment (soil)
Why is tetanus fatal?
The bacteria produces neurotoxins within infected tissue which causes 'lock jaw' (prolonged contraction of muscles)
Describe the vaccination programme for tetanus
There are two initial vaccines given one month apart, followed by booster vaccines every 2-3 years
Give an example of a situation where passive immunisation using tetanus antitoxin may be more appropriate
New born foals or unvaccinated horses that sustain a wound - this supplies the horse with antibodies as there is not enough time for them to mount their own immune response
True or false: vaccination against equine influenza will definitely prevent disease?
False: vaccination will reduce clinical signs and virus shedding of infected animals
Describe the vaccination programme for equine influenza
A primary course consists of the first vaccination, followed by a second 1 month after, and then a third 6 months after this. A booster vaccination is followed annually.
True or false: racing horses that incorrectly follow the equine influenza programme will still be allowed to race?
False: if the timing is out by even one day the horse will not be allowed to compete and must start the vaccination programme from the beginning.
How can we control parasites in horses?
Chemically (use anthelmintics) and non-chemically (pasture hygiene)
How can we reduce anthelmintic resistance?
Regularly do faecal worm egg counts on all animals and only treat FWEC 'positive' horses
What would you like to do?
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