World War 1 Facts
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The 5 Causes of World War 1
- The belief in the power of armies and navies to decide issues between countries
- The building up of military supplies and weapons to show strength
- Countries that have banded together for protection against threatening enemies
- Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
- Triple Entente: France, Britain, Russia
The feeling of deep loyalty for one's nation. This feeling led to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand by Serbian Nationalist group, The Black Hand.
The race for land overseas in order to build EMPIRES. This led to many quarrels.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand (The July Crisis)
Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated by Serbian Nationalist Gavrilo Princip. Serbia refuses to allow Austria-Hungary lead the investigation and Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia
Otto van Bismark was...
The Prussian leader who unified Germany
The Schlieffen Plan was...
A plan by Germany to move their troops through Belgium instead of across the German-French Border
The 4 major battles of Canada were...
- The Somme
- Vimy Ridge
The significance of the battle of Ypres was...
The first use of chlorine gas
The effects of chlorine gas were...
- Metallic Taste
The significance of the battle of The Somme was...
It was said to be the bloodiest battle of World War 1 with over 1M casualties on the first day.
The significance of the battle of Vimy Ridge was...
It was Canada's greatest victory with most weapons captures and most P.O.W.'s than any other army.
The significance of the battle of Passchendale was...
It was the muddiest battle of world war 1...
Reason's men enlisted to serve were...
Minority Groups that were at first restricted to enlist were...
The Prime Minister of Canada during the war was...
Canada's battles mostly took place on...
The western front
The year Prime Minister Borden enforced conscription was...
Those who opposed conscription were...
How did conscription affect the relationship between English and French Canadians?
It created lots of tension
The two acts that were put in place in 1917 were...
- The Military Service Act
- The Wartime Elections Act
The Military Service Act of 1917 required...
compulsory military service from males aged 25-40
The Wartime Elections Act of 1917 gave the right to vote to...
Women with husbands, brothers or sons that were serving on the front lines
During World War 1, Minister of the Militia and Defense was...
The Canadian soldiers in 1915 carried...
The Ross Rifle
The Ross Rifle was ineffective because...
- It jammed
- The long barrel made it difficult to use in tight spaces
- It was heavy
- It was difficult to assemble
Some Canadians just abandoned their Ross rifles and picked up ________ from fallen British soldiers
The amount of people needed to work artillery was...
A crew of at least 12
Something found to neutralize the effects of chlorine gas was...
The German submarines that were responsible for sinking The Lucitania were referred to as...
The cost of the war per day was about...
During the war, national debt increased by...
New Government control during the war included...
- The War Measures Act
- Restricted immigration
- Income Tax
- Victory Bonds
Women's role in Canada during the war included...
- Knitting warm clothing
- Making bandages
- Sending food, parcels, cards and letters
- Working for Red Cross
- Unofficial Military promoters
- Voting after 1917
Robert Borden manipulated the voting on his Military Service Act by...
- Taking votes away from recent immigrants from enemy nations
- Taking votes away from pacifists
- Giving votes to all soldiers
- Giving votes to women related to Canadian soldiers
Of the 120 000 Canadian men conscripted, the number that actually went overseas was...
The 3 factors that compelled the U.S. to join the war were...
- Unrestricted U-Boat warfare
- The Zimmerman Telegram
- British heritage
In 1918, the German army suffered from...
- Lack of food
- Lack of fresh troops
The fighting ended at...
11:00 on Nov. 11, 1918
Some of the requirements of The Treaty of Versailles were...
- Germany take full responsibility for the war
- Germany pay for all war damages
- Germany keep its army under 100 000
- Germany restrict its navy to 36 ships
- Germany is forbidden to have any submarines
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