Card Set Information

2015-03-04 18:01:11
Digital Audio Recording Protools pro tools
Digital Audio
Digital Audio Midterm
Show Answers:

  1. What are the two main versions of Pro Tools 10 software?
    Pro Tools (project version) and Pro Tools HD (professional version).
  2. What are the main differences between the project and professional versions of Pro Tools?
    The main differences are track count, number of I/O channels, and supported hardware.
  3. What is the difference between interleaved and multi-mono (or “split-mono”) stereo audio files?
    An interleaved file is a single, stereo audio file; multi-mono stereo audio files are two separate mono files, with the suffixes “.L” and “.R”, that together contain the stereo information.
  4. What is the session file format (i.e., file extension) for a Pro Tools 10 session, and what earlier versions of Pro Tools support it?
    PT 10 file extensions are “.ptx”, which are not supported by Pro Tools 9 or earlier.
  5. What are the five different track types in the non-HD version of Pro Tools?
    Audio track, Aux input, Master Fader, MIDI Track, and Instrument Track.
  6. What bit depth and sample rate are most commonly used in music production environments (with multiple tracks, mixing, and plug-in processing)?
    24-bit, 44.1 kHz
  7. How does the H/W buffer size affect latency?
    Increasing the H/W buffer increases the latency, and vice versa.
  8. What are the four Edit modes in Pro Tools?
    Shuffle, Spot, Grid, Slip
  9. Where is the audio for a Pro Tools session typically stored on the computer? (Be Specific)
    Audio is typically stored within the “Audio Files” folder within the session folder.
  10. In what situation should someone use a high buffer size; what about a low buffer size?
    High buffer should be used during mixing or editing; low buffer during recording.
  11. What are the two different underlying timebases for tracks used in Pro Tools and what is the default for an audio track?
    Ticks and samples, audio track = samples
  12. In the Clips List, how does Pro Tools differentiate between clips that are entire audio files and clips that are only portions of an audio file?
    Entire audio files are displayed as bold clips, segments as not bold clips.
  13. In the Clips List, how does Pro Tools indicate an offline clip, and what does that mean about the clip?
    Offline clips are displayed in italics, meaning that the clip cannot be located or is unavailable.
  14. A) If a audio clip on a track with a samples timebase begins at the downbeat of Bar 3, which is also exactly timepoint 3:00 in the session, what will happen (relatively speaking) if the tempo is changed to a faster value?

    B) How would the situation in Question 4 (above) change if the audio track had a ticks timebase?
    The audio clip will stay at the same absolute timepoint (3:00), but be at a later relative position than the downbeat of Bar 3.

    b) If the track had a ticks timebase, the audio clip would stay at the downbeat of Bar 3 but would now be located at an earlier absolute time than 3:00.
  15. What happens if you record on a track in Pro Tools without naming the track?
    The audio file that is recorded will be named “Audio_X”, where X is the track instantiation
  16. What is the difference between choosing “Add” versus “Copy” when importing audio into a session?
    “Add” simply creates a link to the original audio file, without creating a new copy of the file in the Audio Files folder, whereas “Copy” creates a duplicate file in the Audio Files folder.
  17. When audio is imported into a session, what are the two basic destinations options for that audio inside and outside Pro Tools?
    Inside Pro Tools: Imported audio can go into a new track or the Clips List.

    Outside Pro Tools: Imported audio will either be copied into the audio files folder or be referenced from it’s original location.
  18. What are the three different varieties of the Trim Tool?
    The standard Trim Tools, the TC/E Trim Tool, and the Loop Trim Tool.
  19. What is the purpose of solo safe, and what types of tracks would you want to solo safe?
    Solo safe mode prevents the track from being muted even if you solo other tracks. This would be common on Aux tracks (such as reverb returns or sub-masters).
  20. What are the master view options for an audio track in the Edit Window and what do they do?
    Blocks, Waveform, Playlists, Volume, Mute, Pan
  21. What is a “comp” track, in regard to playlists?
    A “comp” (or “compilation” track) is the main playlist into which you edit all of your other playlists.
  22. What is the difference between manual and conductor tempo modes in Pro Tools?
    In manual tempo mode, you can have only one tempo for the entire session, while in conductor tempo mode, the multiple tempos can occur in the course of the session.
  23. What time reference can markers be based on in Pro Tools, and how are these indicated? Why would you choose “None” in the time properties of the Memory Locations window?
    Bars|Beats (indicated through a chevron) or absolute time (indicated by a diamond).

    A user would choose “None” to have a memory location recall only general properties of the session and not a specific time location.
  24. How can you setup Pro Tools to automatically punch-in and punch-out during record?
    Make a selection in the Edit window, set a Pre-Roll time (and Post-Roll time, if necessary), and then go into record.
  25. If you record on a track in Quick Punch mode and punch-in five times without stopping, how many audio files does Pro Tools create?
    Pro Tools creates a single audio file, which is recorded from the moment playback (NOT record) is started.
  26. When in auto-input monitoring mode in Pro Tools, what is the difference between what you can hear on a record-enabled track during playback versus when playback is stopped? Would this mode be ideal for punching in and out of a track?
    During playback, you will hear what has been previously recorded on the track; when playback is stopped, you will hear the input to the track.

  27. What monitoring mode in Pro Tools will cause you not to hear what has been previously recorded on a record-enabled track during playback?
    Input-only monitoring mode
  28. What types of tracks will be affected by a tempo change in Pro Tools?
    All tick-based tracks will be affected by a tempo change