RMA chapter #24

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RMA chapter #24
2010-08-19 09:45:52
RMA chapter

medical assistant review
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  1. Which of the following is an appropriate site for capillary blood collection?
    A. small toe
    B. earlobe
    C. heel
    D. both B and C
    E. all of the above
  2. Which cells play a vital role in internal respiration?
    A. bone marrow cells
    B. erythrocytes
    C. leukocytes
    D. mast cells
    E. basochils
  3. What is the longest time a tourniquet should remain on a patient's arm?
    A. 1 minute
    B. 2 minutes
    C. 3 minutes
    D. 4 minutes
    E. 5 minutes
  4. Dysuria is
    A. inability to retain urine
    B. painful or difficult urination
    C. increase output of urine
    D. decrease output of urine
    E. micturation
  5. Which of the following devices might be used to collect blood from fragile veins?
    A. fingerstick lancet
    B. a vacutainer system
    C. a butterfly needle
    D. an automatic puncturing device
    E. none of the above
  6. A blue stopper indicates that a collection tube
    A. is sterile
    B. is to be used only for capillary puncture
    C. contains the additive EDTA
    D. contains an antiseptic
    E. contains soduim citrate
  7. To test for subsstances that are sporradically released into urine, a physician might order which type of urine specimen?
    A. 24 hour
    B. clean catch
    C. random
    D. first voided
    E. timed
  8. To fo;;ow Universal Precautions in phlebotomy, you should
    A. wash your hands
    B. wear examination gloves
    C. recap the needle after blood is drawn and dispose of it in a biohazard container
    D. both A and B
    E. all of the above
  9. A medical assistant or a phlebotomist should not attempt to obtain blood from any patient more than
    A. one time
    B. two times
    C. three times
    D. four times
    E. five times
  10. If a urinalysis cannot be performed within 30 minutes after collection, the urine specimen must be stored
    A. in an incubator
    B. in a freezer
    C. at room temperature
    D. in a refridgerator
  11. Specific gravity may be measured by all of the following methods execpt
    A. dipdtick
    B. urinometer
    C. microscope
    D. refractometer
    E. reagent strip
  12. The quality log
    A. lists specimens sent to another laboratoy for testing
    B. shows when testing equipment was last calibrated
    C. Shows all the procedure completed during the workday
    D. show the quality testing performed on every batch of reagent product
    E. documents maintenance done on laboratory equipment
  13. Which of the following stains is specific to blood?
    A. contrast
    B. gram's
    C. wright's
    D. basic
    E. agar
  14. The color code for an evacuation tube that does not contain an additive is
    A. red
    B. lavender
    C. gray
    D. red and black
    E. yellow
  15. A creatine kinase test is done to help diagnose which of the following condition?
    A. muscular dystrophies and heart desease
    B. infection or leukemia
    C. cancer
    D. kidney disorder
    E. Uterine disorder
  16. Which of the following describes a centifuge?
    A. machine used to count blood cells
    B. machine used to seperate particles
    C. machine used to heat cultures
    D. machine used to analyze specimens
    E. machine used to clean laboratory equipment
  17. An erythrocyte sedimentation rate test might be used to
    A. to test for specific antibodies in the blood
    B. determine sickle cell anemia or inflammation and infection
    C. determine obesity and phenylketonuria
    D. determine liver disease an hypothyroidism
    E. determine the typen and level of vitamins
  18. How should the patient's are be postitioned when drawing blood in phlebotomy?
    A. above heart level
    B. bent at the elbow
    C. hanging down
    D. slightly upward
    E. slightly downward
  19. Which of the following is used in direct examination of a specimen?
    A. wet mount
    B. gram's stain
    C. agar
    D. petri dish
    E. both B and C
  20. The venipuncture site most commonly used on adults is the
    A. basilic vein
    B. median cubital vein
    C. cephalic vein
    D. brachial vein
    E. iliac vein
  21. After preparing a KOH mount,
    A. examinr the slide immediately
    B. let the specimen sit at room temperature
    C. refriderate the specimen immediately
    D. place the specimen in an incubator
    E. either A or B
  22. Before inoculating a culture plate, you should
    A. label it on top
    B. label it on the bottom, agar side
    C. label it with the patient's name and your initials only
    D. both B and C
    E. both A and C
  23. The first step in preparing a culture plate is to
    A. refridgerate it
    B. warm it
    C. add the specimen
    D. label it
    E. wash it
  24. Albumin found in urine might indicate
    A. renal disease
    B. heart failure
    C. hypertension
    D. fever
    E. all of the above
  25. Urine that is too acidic could indicate
    A. urinarty tract infection
    B. renal failure
    C. diabetes
    D. gout
    E. incontinence
  26. If a drop of blood does not form after capillary puncture, which of the following should be done?
    A. puncture the skin again
    B. push repeatedly on the finger as if milking it
    C. apply a tourniquet
    D. apply steady pressure
    E. wait until a drop does form
  27. Which of the following causes would give plasma or serum a milky appearance?
    A. hyperlipidemia
    B. kidney disease
    C. cancer
    D. protein disorder
    E. vegetariam diet
  28. Which of the following is used in preparing a blood smear slide?
    A. hemoclip
    B. microhemotocrit tube
    C. lens paper
    D. automatic puncturing device
    E.spreader slide
  29. Sensitivity testing is used to determine
    A. a pathogen's susceptibility to antibiotics
    B. a patient's susceptibility to antibiotics
    C. a patient's susceptibility to a pathogen
    D. a pathogen's susceptibility to antiseptic agents
    E. none of the above
  30. A diaper rash on a pediatric patient may indicate which of the following?
    A. possible diabetes
    B. urinarty tract infection
    C. renal dysfunction
    D. enuresis
    E. nocturnal enuresis
  31. The amylase test is used for disorders related to the
    A. heart
    B. brain
    C. pancreas
    D. lymphatic system
    E. endocrine system
  32. a physician may order a sstool culture if he or she suspects
    A. cancer
    B. protozoal infection
    C. bacterial infection
    D. colitis
    E. all of the above
  33. Fasting specimen are preferred for which of the following tests?
    A. creatinine
    B. triglycerides
    C. thyroid function
    D. hemoglobin
    E. albumin
  34. The anticoagulatnt EDTA is most appropriate for a blood specimen that has been collected for
    A. glucose tolerence tests
    B. complete blood cell counts
    C. blood cultures
    D. plasma toxicology
    E. coagulation studies