Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves

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dahotstuff30
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Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves
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2015-03-06 22:17:14
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cranial nerce frontal lobe motor cortex
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Human Anatomy
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Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves
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  1. HumanThe four major regions of the brain are the

    A)cerebrum, thalamus, cerebellum, and medulla oblongata
    B)prosencephalon, metencephalon, hypothalamus, and pons
    C)cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum
    D)telencephalon, mesencephalon, pons, and cerebellum
    C)cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which sequence lists the cranial meninges in order from superficial to deep?

    A)pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater
    B)dura mater, pia mater, arachnoid
    C)dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
    D)arachnoid, dura mater, pia mater
    C)dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In regions where the two layers of the dura mater separate, the gap between them is called

    A)the subarachnoid space
    B)the subdural space
    C)a dural venous sinus
    D)the epidural space
    C)a dural venous sinus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The largest of the cranial dural septa is the

    A)sella turcica
    B)falx cerebri
    C)tentorium cerebelli
    D)falx cerebelli
    B)falx cerebri
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The tetrahedron-shaped cavity between the pons and cerebellum is the

    A)fourth ventricle
    B)lateral ventricle
    C)third ventricle
    D)mesencephalic aqueduct
    A)fourth ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The word root ependyma, as in "ependymal cells," literally means

    A)an upper garment
    B)a thin layer
    C)a membrane
    D)a braid
    A)an upper garment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Cerebrospinal fluid performs which of the following functions?

    A)provides buoyancy for the brain
    B)cushions neural structures from sudden movements
    C)delivers nutrients and chemical messengers and removes waste products
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  8. Which structure produces cerebrospinal fluid in each ventricle?

    A)choroid plexus
    B)arachnoid villus
    C)arachnoid granulation
    D)diaphragma sellae
    A)choroid plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. From the subarachnoid space, excess cerebrospinal fluid flows into the dural venous sinuses through the

    A)lateral apertures
    B)median aperture
    C)arachnoid trabeculae
    D)arachnoid villi
    D)arachnoid villi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The blood-brain barrier of the CNS is missing or markedly reduced in which of the following locations?

    A)choroid plexus, pons, and medulla oblongata
    B)spinal cord and cerebellum
    C)pituitary gland and thalamus
    D)choroid plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
    D)choroid plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The cerebral hemispheres are separated by the

    A)central sulcus
    B)lateral sulcus
    C)parieto-occipital sulcus
    D)longitudinal fissure
    D)longitudinal fissure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which statement does not describe the parietal lobe?

    A)forms the superoposterior part of each cerebral hemisphere
    B)is bounded posteriorly by the parieto-occipital sulcus
    C)is involved with general sensory functions
    D)contains the functionally important precentral gyrus
    D)contains the functionally important precentral gyrus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which term describes masses of gray matter deep inside each cerebral hemisphere?

    A)mammillary bodies
    B)corpus callosum
    C)limbic system
    D)cerebral nuclei
    D)cerebral nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The central white matter consists of which three groups of axons?

    A)afferent, efferent, and association tracts
    B)association tracts, arcuate fibers, and the internal capsule
    C)projection tracts, longitudinal fasciculi, and arcuate fibers
    D)association, commissural, and projection tracts
    D)association, commissural, and projection tracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Myelinated axons that extend between the cerebral hemispheres are called

    A)longitudinal fasciculi
    B)commissural tracts
    C)association tracts
    D)arcuate fibers
    B)commissural tracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which cortical region is responsible for the conscious awareness of touch, pressure, pain, and temperature?

    A)primary somatosensory cortex
    B)premotor cortex
    C)primary gustatory cortex
    D)somatosensory association area
    A)primary somatosensory cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which cerebral cortical area coordinates learned, skilled motor activities?

    A)prefrontal cortex
    B)premotor cortex
    C)gnostic area
    D)primary motor cortex
    B)premotor cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The thalamus does all of the following except

    A)processes and relays sensory information to the primary sensory cortex
    B)receives and processes sensory input from olfactory receptors in the nose
    C)filters incoming information and forwards relatively little to the cerebrum
    D)sends signals about conscious awareness of emotional states to frontal lobes
    B)receives and processes sensory input from olfactory receptors in the nose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which region of the diencephalon controls the ANS and endocrine system, body temperature, circadian rhythms, and various emotions and behavioral drives?

    A)infundibulum
    B)epithalamus
    C)thalamus
    D)hypothalamus
    D)hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What are the three regions of the brainstem?

    A)pons, cerebellum, and mesencephalon
    B)mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata
    C)diencephalon, mesencephalon, and metencephalon
    D)cerebrum, diencephalon, and cerebellum
    B)mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The mesencephalon comprises all of the following structures except the

    A)cerebral peduncles
    B)tegmentum
    C)flocculonodular lobes
    D)corpora quadrigemina
    C)flocculonodular lobes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Reflexive turning of the head and eyes in the direction of a sound is controlled by the ____________ of the mesencephalon.

    A)inferior colliculi
    B)red nuclei
    C)substantia nigra
    D)superior colliculi
    A)inferior colliculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The medulla oblongata contains

    A)nuclei associated with five pairs of cranial nerves
    B)nuclei and tracts that relay sensory information to the thalamus
    C)several autonomic nuclei that regulate functions vital for life
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  24. Coordinating skeletal muscle movements and maintaining equilibrium are two of several important functions of the

    A)cerebrum
    B)diencephalon
    C)mesencephalon
    D)cerebellum
    D)cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which description of the cerebellum is incorrect?

    A)a narrow band of cortex called the vermis lies along the midline
    B)internally, white matter called the arbor vitae forms branching patterns
    C)has a complex, convoluted surface covered by cerebellar cortex
    D)has prominent folds called gyri covering the left and right hemispheres
    D)has prominent folds called gyri covering the left and right hemispheres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Components of the limbic system

    A)conduct and process olfactory sensations
    B)collectively process and experience emotions
    C)are essential in storing memories and forming long-term memory
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  27. Cranial nerves with purely sensory functions include which of the following?

    A)olfactory, optic, and vestibulocochlear
    B)trigeminal and facial
    C)glossopharyngeal, accessory, and hypoglossal
    D)all of the above
    A)olfactory, optic, and vestibulocochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which cranial nerves innervate the extrinsic eye muscles?

    A)olfactory, oculomotor, and hypoglossal
    B)oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens
    C)abducens, trigeminal, and trochlear
    D)trigeminal, glossopharyngeal, and oculomotor
    B)oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which cranial nerves have autonomic (parasympathetic) as well as somatic motor functions?

    A)III, VII, IX, and X
    B)II, IV, and VIII
    C)X, XI, and XII
    D)I, III, V, and VI
    A)III, VII, IX, and X
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The word root vagus, as in "vagus nerve," most nearly means

    A)visceral
    B)vital
    C)wandering
    D)long
    C)wandering
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. All of the following refer to the same region of the mesencephalon except the

    A)corpora quadrigemina
    B)red nuclei and substantia nigra
    C)tectum
    D)superior and inferior colliculi
    B)red nuclei and substantia nigra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Corpus callosum is to commissural as ____________ is to projection tracts.

    A)arbor vitae
    B)central white matter
    C)internal capsule
    D)longitudinal fasciculus
    C)internal capsule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The amygdaloid body, claustrum, and corpus striatum are all components of the non-cortical gray matter of the cerebrum collectively known as the

    A)cerebral nuclei
    B)reticular formation
    C)pontine nuclei
    D)medial lemniscus
    A)cerebral nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Until it was banned, visual subliminal advertising seemed like a tremendous tool for the motion picture industry: a photograph of a hot dog interspersed occasionally among the frames of the movie, passing too quickly to be noticed, and yet hot dog sales skyrocketed. Which cerebral nucleus likely played a part?

    A)putamen
    B)claustrum
    C)amygdaloid body
    D)globus pallidus
    B)claustrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The corpus striatum comprises all of the following except the

    A)globus pallidus
    B)putamen
    C)amygdaloid body
    D)caudate nucleus
    C)amygdaloid body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Endocrine organs housed within the cranium are all directly associated with which brain region?

    A)diencephalon
    B)cerebrum
    C)mesencephalon
    D)medulla oblongata
    A)diencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Because of its major roles in controlling emotions, drives, and memory, damage to the ____________ could drastically alter an individual's personality.

    A)tegmentum
    B)limbic system
    C)periaqueductal gray matter
    D)substantia nigra
    B)limbic system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which thalamic nuclei relay visual information from the optic tract to the visual cortex and mesencephalon?

    A)pulvinar nuclei
    B)lateral geniculate nuclei
    C)medial geniculate nuclei
    D)ventral anterior nuclei
    B)lateral geniculate nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Hormones released by the posterior pituitary are actually produced by the ____________, which also controls the activities of the anterior pituitary as well as numerous autonomic functions, emotions, drives, and natural rhythms.

    A)pons
    B)thalamus
    C)tectum
    D)hypothalamus
    D)hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which hypothalamic nucleus or region serves as the body's "thermostat"?

    A)suprachiasmatic nucleus
    B)preoptic area
    C)mammillary body
    D)anterior nucleus
    B)preoptic area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Damage to one's ____________ would impair the somatic reflexes involved in eating.

    A)mammillary bodies
    B)globus pallidus
    C)hippocampus
    D)habenular nuclei
    A)mammillary bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The transverse fibers that connect the two parts of the metencephalon are the

    A)superior cerebellar peduncles
    B)inferior cerebellar peduncles
    C)cerebral peduncles
    D)middle cerebellar peduncles
    D)middle cerebellar peduncles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Outside, the ____________ is covered with folia (literally, "leaves"); inside, it has a "tree" of white matter.

    A)cerebellum
    B)mesencephalon
    C)medulla oblongata
    D)pons
    A)cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which two parts of the brain most directly control normal breathing?

    A)pons and medulla oblongata
    B)thalamus and hypothalamus
    C)cerebrum and thalamus
    D)cerebellum and mesencephalon
    A)pons and medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The twelve pairs of cranial nerves

    A)are considered part of the CNS because they arise from the brain
    B)arise mostly from the brainstem, with only one pair from the telencephalon
    C)are composed much like spinal nerves, each with sensory and motor axons
    D)all of the above
    B)arise mostly from the brainstem, with only one pair from the telencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which pair does not correctly match a cranial nerve with its primary functional category?

    A)II, special sensory
    B)XI, somatic motor
    C)XII, general sensory
    D)VII, mixed (sensory and motor)
    C)XII, general sensory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles of mastication and provides sensory information from the face, mouth, and anterior scalp?

    A)vagus
    B)hypoglossal
    C)trigeminal
    D)facial
    D)facial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The ____________ nerve monitors sensations of balance and equilibrium as well as hearing.

    A)accessory
    B)vestibulocochlear
    C)trochlear
    D)vagus
    B)vestibulocochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which cranial nerve assists in monitoring O2 and CO2 levels in the blood?

    A)IX
    B)V
    C)VII
    D)X
    A)IX
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which cranial nerve plays the largest role in the autonomic control of visceral functions?

    A)facial
    B)oculomotor
    C)glossopharyngeal
    D)vagus
    D)vagus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Of the primary brain vesicles, the only one that does not subdivide during embryonic development is the

    A)prosencephalon
    B)metencephalon
    C)rhombencephalon
    D)mesencephalon
    D)mesencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which is more dangerous, and why: a subdural or an epidural hemorrhage?

    A)subdural, because a damaged vein leaks blood slowly but never stops
    B)epidural, because a damaged artery produces a rapidly growing hematoma
    C)both are equally dangerous, invariably resulting in death if untreated
    D)epidural, because the damaged vessel is too deep to repair surgically
    B)epidural, because a damaged artery produces a rapidly growing hematoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Of the following, damage to Broca's area would most likely cause

    A)nonfluent aphasia
    B)fluent aphasia
    C)apraxia
    D)epilepsy
    A)nonfluent aphasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Parkinson disease results from ____________ and is generally ____________.

    A)brain damage before birth that remains hidden until maturity; progressive
    B)congenital anomalies in the brain; inherited
    C)deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; idiopathic
    D)brain inflammation, most often due to viral infection; fatal
    C)deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; idiopathic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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