Faithful (united) we stand; disobedient (divided) we fall.
1 Kings brings the kingdom from the height of its glory to a sudden abyss of division and decline. 1 Kings records the division of the united kingdom of Saul, David, and Solomon into two kingdoms � Israel and Judah.
1 KINGS OUTLINE
I. Kingdom United/Solomon (1 - 11)
II. Kingdom Divided/Many Kings (12 - 22)
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 1
1 Solomon is appointed King
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 2
2 David dies and Solomon secures his Kingship
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 3
3 Solomon chooses wisdom and wisely judges
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 8
8 Solomon's temple dedicated
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 9
9 God's promises and warnings to Solomon
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 11
11 Solomon's demise, difficulties and death
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 17
17 Elijah predicts drought and raises the dead
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 18
18 Elijah on Mount Carmel
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 19
19 Elijah's flight to Horeb/Appointment of Elisha
1 KINGS KEY CHAPTERS: 21
21 Naboth's vineyard taken by Jezebel and Ahab
1 KINGS KEY PASSAGE: 13:2
13:2 Prophecy concerning Josiah fulfilled in 2 Kings 23:15-20
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Solomon
Solomon - Son of King David through Bathsheba; vast empire; wisest man who ever lived (next to Christ); intermarriage led to disobedience and judgment
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Jeroboam
Jeroboam - the first king of divided Israel
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Rehoboam
Rehoboam - first king of Judah; son of Solomon
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Elijah
Elijah - the prophet of God from Tishbe; defeated the prophets of Baal on Carmel
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Jezebel
Jezebel - evil wife of King Ahab; worshiper of Baal, eventually eaten by dogs as prophesied.
1 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Ahab
Ahab � wicked king of Israel, married to Jezebel
2 KINGS (cf. 2 Chronicles) THEME:
Israel and Judah Fall
God's judgment on Israel and Judah for disobedience
This is the book of Captivities. In chapter 17, the ten tribes of the northern kingdom (Israel) go into Assyrian captivity (722
B.C.). In chapter 25, the southern kingdom (Judah) goes into Babylonian captivity (586 B.C.)
2 KINGS OUTLINE:
I. Kingdom divided/Israel Falls (1 - 17)
II. Kingdom which survives/Judah Falls (18 - 25)
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 2
2 Elijah taken to heaven
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 4
4 Elisha's miracle for the widow - oil
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 5
5 Naaman healed and Gehazi's greed
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 6
6 Elisha thwarts Syria ...
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 17
17 Israel's fall/Assyrian Captivity 722 B.C.
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 18
18 Sennacherib invades Judah
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 22-23
22-23 Josiah as King over Judah, he brings revival, reform and renewal
2 KINGS KEY CHAPTER: 24-25
24-25 The fall of Judah to Babylon 586 B.C.
2 KINGS KEY VERSES: 4:18-28
4:18-28 Elisha raises the Shunammite's son from the dead
2 KINGS KEY VERSES: 6:1-7
6:1-7 Elisha makes the axe head float
2 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Josiah
Josiah - 16th King of Judah; king at 8 years old; returned to obeying the, law
2 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Elisha
Elisha - Successor to Elijah; heals and floats an axe head/miracle worker
2 KINGS KEY PEOPLE: Naaman
Naaman - Captain of enemy army; great warrior; a leper who was healed by bathing in the Jordan River seven times at Elisha's instructions
1 CHRONICLES (parallels 2 Samuel) THEME:
God's view of David
The spiritual perspective of the genealogy and reign of David
1 CHRONICLES OUTLINE:
I. Royal Line of David (1 - 9)
II. Righteous Reign of David (10 - 29)
1 CHRONICLES KEY PASSAGES: 11:2
11:2 ". . . you shall be prince over My people Israel."
1 CHRONICLES KEY PASSAGES: 17:11-14
17:11-14 Davidic Covenant "his throne shall be established forever"
2 CHRONICLES (parallels I & II Kings) THEME:
God's view of the Kings of Judah
A spiritual perspective on the kings that followed David: Obedience brings blessings; disobedience brings wrath.
2 CHRONICLES OUTLINE:
I. Reign of Solomon (1 - 9)
II. Reigns of Judah's Kings (10 - 36)
2 CHRONICLES KEY PEOPLE: Jeroboam
Jeroboam - led the rebellion against Rehoboam; reigned as the first king over the northern tribes
2 CHRONICLES KEY PEOPLE: Josiah
Josiah - Judah's last righteous king
2 CHRONICLES KEY PEOPLE: Rehoboam
Rehoboam - Solomon's son, who succeeded him as king; the kingdom split under his leadership
2 CHRONICLES KEY PEOPLE: Solomon
Solomon - Israel's wisest and most glorious king; wrote much wisdom literature; ended his life as an idolater with all his foreign wives, though, his repentance is expressed in Ecclesiastes.
Rebuilding the temple and people
The return from Babylon, reconstruction of the temple, and reform of the people
I. WORK (1 - 6)
II. WORSHIP (7 - 10)
EZRA KEY CHAPTERS: 1
1 The decree of Cyrus allowing the return; many Israelites prepare.
EZRA KEY CHAPTERS: 3
3 The foundation of the Temple completed with much ceremony.
EZRA KEY CHAPTERS: 7-9
7-9 The return under Ezra, including his prayer (9).
EZRA KEY CHAPTERS: 10
10 Repentance of the people who had married into paganism.
EZRA KEY PASSAGES: 4:3
4:3 Zerubbabel and Joshua reject the help of the Samaritans.
EZRA KEY PASSAGES: 10:9-15
10:9-15 Ezra tells most of the people to put away their foreign wives, and most of them agree to do so to avoid the fierce anger of God.
EZRA KEY PASSAGES: 7:10
7:10 Ezra's approach to ministry.
EZRA KEY PEOPLE: Cyrus
Cyrus - Persian King who allowed the Jews to return and rebuild the Temple. ca. 538 B.C
EZRA KEY PEOPLE: Ezra
Ezra - Priest, scribe, great reformer and expert in the Law. Under his spiritual leadership, the children of Israel put away their foreign wives.
EZRA KEY PEOPLE: Joshua
Joshua - the High Priest, who returned with and aided Zerubbabel in rebuilding the altar and the Temple.
Rebuilding the walls
Rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem and Reforming the People
3-7 Work on and completion of the walls, opposition, census.
NEHEMIAH KEY PASSAGE: 8:4-8
8:4-8 Presentation of the Law by Ezra to the people.
"And they read from the book, from the law of God, translating to give the sense so that they understood the reading." (v. 8)
NEHEMIAH KEY PEOPLE: Artaxerxes
Artaxerxes - Persian King who was the son of Xerxes I and Vashti; stepson of Esther.
He allowed the Jews to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem under the leadership of Nehemiah
NEHEMIAH KEY PEOPLE: Nehemiah
Nehemiah - Artaxerxes' cupbearer, Governor of Judea, Supervisor of construction.
NEHEMIAH KEY PEOPLE: Sanballat
Sanballat - influential Samaritan; sought to end construction on the walls; sought to assassinate Nehemiah.
NEHEMIAH KEY PEOPLE: Ezra
Ezra - Great reformer, expert in the Law. He had the leadership in Israel put away their foreign wives.
Preservation through providence; the Divine chess game
I. The THREAT to the Jews (1 - 4)
II. The TRIUMPH of the Jews (5 - 10)
ESTHER KEY CHAPTERS: 3
3 Haman persuades King Ahasuerus to decree the Jew's annihilation.
ESTHER KEY CHAPTERS: 6-7
6-7 Mordecai is honored, Haman is hanged.
ESTHER KEY CHAPTERS: 9
9 The Jews destroy their enemies and inaugurate the Feast of Purim.
ESTHER KEY PASSAGE: 4:14
4:14 "And who knows whether you have not attained royalty for a time such as this." God has sovereignly placed Esther in her position of influence.
ESTHER KEY PEOPLE: Esther
Esther - Jewish maiden of great beauty who became the queen of Persia. Her courage paved the way for the preservation of the Jews within the Persian Empire.
ESTHER KEY PEOPLE: Mordecai
Mordecai - Esther's older cousin and palace official. He was used by God to deliver the Jews.
ESTHER KEY PEOPLE: Haman
Haman - An Amalekite, captain of the princes, who plotted destruction of the Jews.
ESTHER KEY PEOPLE: Ahasuerus
Ahasuerus - The Persian king Xerxes I, reigning 486 - 465 B.C.
Suffering and Sovereignty
Jehovah is Sovereign
Offer worship to God regardless of circumstances
Bad circumstances are not always due to sin
I. The Disasters of Job (1 - 2) I. Calamity
II. The Dialogues of Job (3 - 37) II. Counsel
III. The Deliverance of Job (38 - 42) III. Contrition
JOB KEY CHAPTER 1:
1-2 Job's accusation and affliction
JOB KEY CHAPTER 3-37
Job's friends' counsel
JOB KEY CHAPTER 38-41
God's speech and silencing
JOB KEY CHAPTER 42
Job's repentance and restoration
"If a man dies will he live again?" Hope of immortality & glorification
"I know that my Redeemer lives." Hope of coming redeemer, bodily resurrection
"When He has tried me, I will come forth as gold"
He... hangs earth on nothing. Bible and science, it is true
"And the Lord blessed the latter day sof Job more than his beginning."
JOB KEY PEOPLE:
Job - "A blameless and upright man who feared God and turned away from evil." He continued to worship and trust God despite extreme testing
Satan - tried to got Job to curse God.
Eliphaz - "If you sin, you suffer." (4:8; 22:23) Gave bad and unkind counsel based on the assumptions of his
Bildad - "You must be sinning." (8:6,8; 18:21; 25:4). Gave insulting and bad counsel based on the assumptions of his traditions (8:8-10)
Zophar - "You are sinning." (11:4-6; 20:5) Gave bad counsel based upon the assumptions of his religious convictions (11:5,6,13-15); he also was very defensive (20:2,3
Elihu - A young friend of Job who gave counsel that was wiser than those older than him (32:1-5) "God purifies and teaches the righteous"; He was against Job's self-righteousness (33:8-12, 29-30).
Worship - a personal response to the person and work of God.
Comfort for troubled times. God's medicine chest.
PSALMS KEY PSALM 1
Godly & Wicked Contrasted
PSALMS KEY PSALM 2
PSALMS KEY PSALM 8
God's Glory/Man's Rule
PSALMS KEY PSALM 15
Characteristics of the Godly
PSALMS KEY PSALM 16
Eternal Life for the Trusting
PSALMS KEY PSALM 19
The Works and Word of God
PSALMS KEY PSALM 22
PSALMS KEY PSALM 23
The Great Shepherd
PSALMS KEY PSALM 32
Blessing of Forgiveness
PSALMS KEY PSALM 42
Thirsting for God
PSALMS KEY PSALM 51
Confession of Sin
PSALMS KEY PSALM 73
Apparent Prosperity of the Wicked
PSALMS KEY PSALM 90
PSALMS KEY PSALM 100
Call to Worship
PSALMS KEY PSALM 119
God's Word Exalted
PSALMS KEY PSALM 127
God the Giver of Blessings
PSALMS KEY PSALM 139
God's Omniscience and Omnipresence
PSALMS KEY PSALM 150
"Praise the Lord"
Wisdom/Fear of the Lord. Wisdom for a foolish world. Spiritual reality/vitality/stability/certainty.
The divine perspective on how to handle life's issues.
I. Proverbs of Solomon 1-29
II. Proverbs of Agur 30
III. Proverbs of Lemuel 31
PROVERBS KEY CHAPTER 3:
3 The pursuit and precepts of wisdom
PROVERBS KEY CHAPTER 31
31 The godly woman
Trust in the Lord and not in yourself
Father's warnings to be satisfied with your own wife
Seven things the Lord hates
Warnings on speech "lying lips, slander, many words"
Pride before destruction, haughty vs. humble spirit
". . .gracious to a poor man lends to the Lord."
Training a child in his "way"
Love your enemies
"Iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another."
Warnings, vanity; Life lived apart from God is futile emptiness; Futile Way vs. Fruitful Way
I. The Problem that "All is Vanity" (1:1-1:11)
II. The Proof that "All is Vanity" (1:12 - 6)
III. The Prescription for Living with Vanity (7 - 12)
1:2 "All is vanity . . . says the Preacher"; Solomon, the wisest, richest, most influential king in Israel's history looks at "life under the sun" and from the human perspective, and declares it to be futily empty.
12:11-14 "The conclusion when all has been heard, is: fear God and keep His commandments . . ."; The vanities of life can only be comprehended through a proper relationship with God.
SONG OF SOLOMON THEME:
Romance; God's view of love and marriage
The Wooing and Wedding of the Shulammite Shepherdess by King Solomon.
SONG OF SOLOMON OUTLINE:
I. LEAVE (1 - 3)
II. CLEAVE (4 - 5)
III. WEAVE (5 - 8)
SONG OF SOLOMON KEY PASSAGE 8:6-7:
8:6-7 On love (1 Cor. 13 of OT)
God will punish the wicked, but will remain faithful to His covenant by preserving a godly remnant and promising salvation through the coming Messiah.
I. Wrath (1 - 39) (39) OT
II. Redemption (40 - 66) (27) NT
Call and Commissioning
Judgment of Babylon
Judgment of the Earth in the Tribulation
Deliverance of Hezekiah and Judah from Sennacherib
Deliverance Promised to Israel
Suffering Servant (Jesus Christ)
Glorious Future in Zion; the Consummation of History
The virgin birth of Immanuel
The birth and reign of the Prince of Peace
The righteous reign of the Branch from Jesse's roots
"The Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him" - The vicarious Redeemer
Total depravity of Man; "righteous deeds are like a filthy garment"
ISAIAH KEY PEOPLE:
Isaiah-Prophet to Judah; ca. 739 to 686 B.C.
Warning or Last Hour - Repentance/Confrontation
God has delayed judgment and warns His people through Jeremiah to repent before it's too late.
I. JEREMIAH'S CALL (1)
II. JUDAH'S GALL (2-51)
III. JERUSALEM�S FALL (52)
Wicked shepherds, the righteous Branch and lying prophets
Judah's future judgment through Babylon, 70 years, Babylon judged, all nations
Return and restoration from captivity promised
Restoration, New Covenant; Jeremiah imprisoned, buys a field, God explains
The fall of Jerusalem
Destruction of Jerusalem
JEREMIAH KEY PASSAGES 1:4-10:
1:4-10 The Foreknowledge of God - ". . . I knew you" and
calling of Jeremiah - ". . . I have appointed you. . ."
JEREMIAH KEY PASSAGES 29:10
29:10 Promised restoration in 70 years
Lament/Mourning/Weeping (The Funeral of a City)
The mourning of captive Zion as written by Jeremiah
I. (1) JERUSALEM
II. (2) JEHOVAH
III. (3) JEREMIAH
IV. (4) JEHOVAH
V. (5) JERUSALEM
LAMENTATIONS KEY PASSAGE:
3:22-23 God's faithfulness seen in the midst of suffering
GREAT IS THY FAITHFULNESS
The departure and return of God's glory.
Condemnation upon Judah's faithless leaders and godless foes, and consolation regarding Israel's future.
I. WRATH (1 - 32)
II. RESTORATION (33 - 48)
Vision of 4 beings, 4 wheels and divine glory
God's glory departs
The mountains of Israel to be blessed, renewal of Israel, valley of dry bones, reunion of Israel and Judah, David to be their king
Prophecy against Gog and Magog
The Temple, God's glory, worship, land restored
EZEKIEL KEY PASSAGE 36:24-27:
36:24-27 Renewal of Israel from the inside - ". . . I will cleanse you . . . I will give you a new heart . . . I will put My
Spirit within you .
EZEKIEL KEY PEOPLE:
Ezekiel - Son of Buzi, a priest called to be a prophet; ministered during the 70 year Babylonian captivity. Departed ca. 597 B.C.