Anthropology 101 Midterm

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torrespeterytania
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Anthropology 101 Midterm
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2015-03-07 17:29:52
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Anthropology 101 Midterm
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Midterm
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  1. 4 Sub-fields of anthropology
    • 1. Biological (physical) anthropology
    • 2. Socio-cultural anthropology
    • 3. Linguistic anthropology
    • 4. Archaeology
  2. Observations of living primates inform our efforts to understand ourevolutionary past. 

    True or False
    True
  3. Archaeology is:

    A) the study of human evolution.
    B) the study of the behavior and material culture of past human societies.
    C)the study of the evolution of language.
    D) largely devoted to recovering artifacts and buildingmuseum collections.
    B) the study of the behavior and material culture of past human societies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Physical anthropology:

    A) consists of primatology and linguistics.
    B) is the study of human antiquities.
    C) relies on the scientific method.
    D) all of the above
    C) relies on the scientific method.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The scientific method: 

    A) seeks to establish the absolute scientific truth.
    B) is used to support preconceived notions or theories.
    C) involves empirical data collection and hypothesis testing.
    D) relies on making hunches about the natural world.
    C) involves empirical data collection and hypothesis testing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A hypothesis:

    A) is equivalent to a theory.
    B) cannot be refuted by future investigations.
    C) is an attempt to explain observations and predict future scientific results.
    D) is a statement concerning scientific facts.
    C) is an attempt to explain observations and predict future scientific results.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Forensic anthropology differs from biocultural anthropology in which of thefollowing ways? 

    A) applies anthropological techniques to modern crime scenes and disasters
    B) is the study of trauma in ancient populations
    C) examines the relationship between biological and cultural evolution
    D) is the study of nonhuman primates
    A) applies anthropological techniques to modern crime scenes and disasters
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. How is biocultural anthropology different from cultural anthropology?

    A) It considers culture to be a byproduct of our biological histories.
    B) It is strictly a biological science.
    C) It examines the interaction between genetics and culture in shaping human biology.
    D) It combines cultural studies with archaeology.
    C) It examines the interaction between genetics and culture in shaping human biology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Bipedalism is considered one of the hallmarks of hominid evolution because: 

    A) it followed brain expansion in human evolution.
    B) it allowed hominids to come out of the trees and maketools 10 mya.
    C) it was possible only after the advent of simple material culture.
    D) it was the first evolutionary development that clearlydistinguished us from other animals.
    D) it was the first evolutionary development that clearlydistinguished us from other animals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. How is a theory different from a hypothesis? 

    A)Unlike a theory, a hypothesis explains observations and  cannot be refuted by new evidence.
    B) A theory is an explanation based upon controversial facts.
    C) A theory is an explanation relying on careful examination and testing of evidence.
    D) A theory has been less thoroughly tested than ahypothesis
    C) A theory is an explanation relying on careful examination and testing of evidence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Franz Boas
    united within American anthropology the study of culture, language, and biology.
  12. Alfred Wallace was

    A) an English naturalist who arrived at many of the same conclusions as Darwin. 
    B) a British dog breeder who worked on artificial selection experiments. 
    C) known for gathering even more evidence to support evolution than Darwin did.
    A) an English naturalist who arrived at many of the same conclusions as Darwin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Carolus Linnaeus:

    A) developed theories of natural selection. 
    B) was a proponent of evolutionary change. 
    C) developed a classification system for plants and animals. 
    D) was a supporter of Charles Darwin.
    C) developed a classification system for plants and animals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The English demographer whose work on population growth greatly influenced Darwin’s thinking was:

    A) Thomas Malthus. 
    B) Charles Lyell. 
    C) Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck.
    D) Georges Cuvier.
    A) Thomas Malthus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Different versions, or subunits, of the same gene are:
    A) blenders. 
    B) gemmules.
    C) alleles. 
    D) chromosomes. 
    C) alleles.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The only possible source of new genetic material is:

    A) mutation.
    B) natural selection.
    C) gene flow.
    D) gene drift. 
    A) mutation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Recessive alleles for a given trait will be expressed if they are inherited:
    A) from either parent.
    B) from both parents. 
    C) along with a dominant allele. 
    D) from neither parent. 
    B) from both parents.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The scientist who coined the nameHomo sapiensfor human beings and placed them in a higher taxonomicgroup he called primates was:

    A) Georges Cuvier. 
    B) Robert Hooke
    C) Charles Darwin. 
    D) Carolus Linnaeus.
    D) Carolus Linnaeus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The scientist whose work provided the foundation for later understandings of genetics was:

    A) Charles Darwin. 
    B) John Ray.
    C) Robert Hook. 
    D) Gregor Mendel. 
    D) Gregor Mendel.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. DNA replication takes place only during the production of new gametes.

    A) True 
    B) False
    B) False
  21. Somatic cells include all of the following EXCEPT:

    A) brain tissue.
    B) sex cells. 
    C) lung cells.
    D) skin cells.
    B) sex cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The following are complementary bases in DNA:

    A) guanine and thymine. 
    B) adenine and cytosine. 
    C) guanine and uracil.
    D) adenine and thymine. 
    D) adenine and thymine.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Gametes are:
    A) diploid. 
    B) haploid. 
    C) produced during mitosis. 
    D) None of the above.
    B) haploid.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Meiosis results in the production of:

    A) four gametes. 
    B) a single gamete. 
    C) None of the above. 
    D) two gametes.
    A) four gametes.
  25. The expression of polygenic traits:

    A) is determined by genes at several loci in conjunction with environmental factors. 
    B) is determined solely by genes at two or more loci. 
    C) is never influenced by environmental factors. 
    D) None of the above.
    A) is determined by genes at several loci in conjunction with environmental factors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Chromosome number is reduced during:

    A) recombination. 
    B) mitosis.
    C) meiosis. 
    D) translation. 
    C) meiosis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. "Fitness," in an evolutionary sense, refers to an individual’s: 

    A) reproductive success. 
    B) age at death.
    C) strength. 
    D) aggressiveness. 
    A) reproductive success.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The substitution of one DNA base for another due to a mistake during replication is called a:

    A) gene. 
    B) gene drift. 
    C)point mutation.
    D) founder effect. 
    C)point mutation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The presence of five digits on hands and feet is:

    A) characteristic only of hominoids.
    B) characteristic only of primates.
    C) the only truly distinctive primate trait.
    D) a primitive mammalian trait, retained in most,primates.
    D) a primitive mammalian trait, retained in most,primates.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Living lemurs are found only in:

    A) Madagascar.
    B) Asia.
    C) Africa.
    D) South America.
    A) Madagascar.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following are prosimians?

    A) baboons
    B) tamarins
    C) gibbons
    D) lemurs
    D) lemurs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The two suborders of primates are:

    A) tarsiers and anthropoids.
    B) pongidae and hominidae
    C) platyrrhine and catarrhine.
    D) prosimians and anthropoids.
    D) prosimians and anthropoids.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. All of the anthropoids live in social groups EXCEPT:

    A) tamarins.
    B) gibbons.
    C) howler monkeys.
    D) orangutans.
    D) orangutans.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Forensic anthropology:

    A) examines the relationship between biological andcultural evolution.
    B) is the study of trauma in ancient populations.
    C) is the study of nonhuman primates.
    D) applies anthropological techniques to modern crimescenes and disasters.
    D) applies anthropological techniques to modern crimescenes and disasters.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Mutation is the only source of new genetic material.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  36. Gene flow increases the number of genetic differences between populations.

    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  37. Carolus Linnaeus:

    A) developed a classification system for plants and animals.
    B) developed theories of natural selection.
    C) was a supporter of Charles Darwin.
    D) was a proponent of evolutionary change.
    A) developed a classification system for plants and animals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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