Exploring the Bible - Final

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Exploring the Bible - Final
2015-03-08 18:30:18
Exploring the Bible - Final
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  1. What was Solomon's wise choice and foolish sin?
    a. When God told him he could ask for anything, he asked for wisdom so he could lead God's People well.

    b. He was lead astray by his many foreign wives and worshiped their Gods.
  2. When did the kingdom of Israel divide?
  3. What are the names of the Northern and Southern Kingdoms?
    • Northern - Israel
    • Southern - Judah
  4. What was Jeraboam's major sin as the first king of the Northern Kingdom?
    Setting up places of worship outside Jerusalem and making golden calves to aid in the "worship" of God.
  5. Define and delineate the two roles of the prophets:
    Foretelling - Telling what is to come in the future.

    Forthtelling - Telling what the people should do right now (repent, believe, and obey)
  6. List the charges leveled by the prophets against unfaithful Israel:
    • Idolatry
    • Social Injustice
    • Religious Formalism
  7. List the main elements of the message of the prophets to the people:
    • You are law breakers.
    • If you do not repent, God's judgment will come.
    • Even in God's judgment there will be hope for a future restoration.
  8. When did the Northern Kingdom fall and who did it fall to?
    Israel fell to Assyria in 721BC
  9. When did the Southern Kingdom fall and who did it fall to?
    Judah fell to Babylon in 586BC
  10. What was the major difference between the "old" covenant and the "new" covenant that was promised in Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and others?
    The law would be written on their hearts and they would be empowered in their obedience by the indwelling holy spirit of God.
  11. What was the "exile?" How did it come to an end?
    • The time when the nation of Israel was taken away as captives to another land.
    • The Persian Kings allowed many Jews to return home and rebuild the temple and the wall of Jerusalem.
  12. Who lead the effort to rebuild the temple?
  13. Who lead the effort to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem?
  14. WHo was responsible for teaching and instructing the post-exilic community in the law of God?
    Ezra the Scribe
  15. List two of the "wisdom books" that are found in the Bible.
    Job and Psalms
  16. What is the difference between a proverb and a promise?
    A proverb is something that is generally true, a promise of God is something that is invariably true.
  17. Identify and define the primary types of parallelism:
    Synonymous - 

    Antithetic -
  18. What was the intertestmental period?
    The time between completion of the last book of the Old Testament and the beginning ministry of John the Baptist. Appx 400 years.
  19. What was the main focus of the Jewish community during the intertestamental period?
    A strict adherence to God's law, and also the many, many laws they added to God's law.
  20. How do we see the two natures of Jesus coming together at his birth?
    • Conceived by the Holy Spirit (Devine)
    • Born of a woman (Human)
  21. Define the word incarnation:
    God becoming human, while remaining God.
  22. The fact that Jesus became fully human tells us what about our humanity?
    We must not be intrinsically evil.
  23. What reason does Jesus give for John baptizing him?
    To fulfill all righteousness (for us)
  24. Why did God allow Jesus to be tempted?
    So he could obey in our place and his obedience could be credited to us.
  25. What was the significance of Jesus calling 12 disciples?
    Like the 12 sons (tribes) of Israel, they are the start of a "new" nation.
  26. In the words of the gospel writers, what was Jesus message?
    The time has come, the kingdom of God is near, repent and believe the good news.
  27. List and define the three elements of Jesus' message:
    Repent - Turn from trusting in your own ability to please God, admit that you are a sinner in need of Salvation.

    Believe - Believe that Jesus not only took the punishment for your sin when he dies on the cross in your place, but that he earned the favor of God for you when he fulfilled the law in your place.

    Obey - Live like Jesus has indeed set you free from the guilt and power of sin.
  28. List the four major methods used by Jesus to communicate his message:
    Preaching, parables, miracles, and questions.
  29. Know and understand the following chart:
  30. Define deism's view of God's involvement in our world today:
    God initially created the world, but now he never enters it. Today everything that happens has a natural cause.
  31. What is the essential nature of a miracle?
    It is supernatural, it is beyond nature and, as such, it cannot be explained by citing natural causes. It is a work of the supernatural God himself breaking into the physical, natural world.
  32. To whom was Jesus particularly hostile in his preaching and conduct?
    The religious leaders who thought themselves "good" in God's eyes.
  33. To whom was Jesus particularly gracious in his preaching and conduct?
    The poor, the sinners, the outcasts - Those who knew themselves as needy, broken, and in bondage.
  34. When Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, the people shouted, "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord." and "Hosanna to the son of David." What did the people infer when they used each accolade?
    • Jesus was God's messiah
    • Jesus was to be a warrior king like David who would crush their enemies and reestablish the sovereign kingdom of Israel.
  35. When Jesus had his "last supper" with his disciples, what feast were they celebrating?
  36. The Jew's found Jesus guilty of death on what charges?
  37. What was their basis for the charge they leveled against Jesus?
    Jesus affirmed he was the "Son of God"
  38. What does Jesus cry out in his deepest moment of agony on the cross?
    My God, my God why have you forsaken me?
  39. Why does God forsake his own son?
    Because that that moment, he was paying the penalty for my sin, which deserved sternal separation from a holy God.
  40. Who buried Jesus and what were their positions?
    • Joseph of Aremethia and Nicodemus
    • They were both members of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish council that sentenced Jesus to death.
  41. Why was the resurrection of Jesus the centerpiece of the Christian faith?
    It showed that God accepted Christ's sacrifice for our sin and it shows that this Jesus who dies to save us now lives to save us - continually and completely.
  42. Name two popular arguments that give a natural explanation for the supposed resurrection.
  43. What did the resurrected Jesus do to prove to his disciples that he was not a ghost but had a real physical body?
    He had them touch him and ate some food.
  44. According to C.S. Lewis what are the only possible rational conclusions about the identity of Jesus?
    Liar, lunatic, Lord
  45. Why are those three conclusions about Jesus the only three possible rational conclusions?
  46. What is the literal meaning of the word "gospel"?
    Good news
  47. What does the "Active obedience" of Jesus refer to?
    his perfect fulfillment of all the requirements of the law.
  48. What does the "passive obedience" of Jesus refer to?
    His submission to death on a cross.
  49. The spirit of God fell on the disciples on what feast day?
    The feast of the Pentecost
  50. What was celebrated during the feast of Pentecost?
    The giving of the law and the harvest.
  51. Which apostle was the primary evangelist to the gentiles?
  52. Explain the difference between normative and descriptive:
    • Descriptive describes what happened during an event.
    • Normative describes something that happened and should continue to happen in a similar fashion to its initial occurrence.
  53. What is an indication that an event being described in the bible is to be normative for us today?
    It is repeated multiple times in multiple ways by multiple people.
  54. What was the driving force behind the early spread of the gospel?
    Persecution - Christians fleeing for their lives to other countries, and sharing the good news as they go.
  55. Who was it that spoke to Saul (Paul) on the road to Damascus?
  56. When Paul came to a new city, who would he preach the gospel to first, and where would he preach?
    The Jews at their synagogue.
  57. Typically, when would Paul preach the gospel to the Gentiles?
    After the Jews had heard (and rejected) the gospel.
  58. Who did Paul and Barnabas take with them on their first missionary journey?
    John Mark (or simply Mark)
  59. What did John Mark do early on into their journey?
    He quit and went home.
  60. What happened when Barnabas wanted to take John Mark on their second missionary journey?
    They had such a sharp disagreement that they went on separate trips, Barnabas took John Mark and Paul took Silas.
  61. What did Paul do to pay for his travels and his food?
    He was a tent maker/ leather worker and he worked at the nearby trade guilds to "pay his own way."
  62. Why was Paul's message that circumcision no longer mattered so offensive to the Jews?
    It was the mark of the Abrahamic covenant, and it was explicitly commanded by God.
  63. What was the refutable proof that God had accepted the uncircumcised gentiles?
    God giving them the Holy Spirit.
  64. What was significant about the conversation of the Ethiopian eunuch?
    The gospel had come to all races and all classes of people. There was no one who was beyond the reach of God's merciful salvation.
  65. What was their prominent mark of the early church's social conduct?
    Their sacrificial and generous care for the poor and needy.
  66. What was the title given to those who had been selected to oversee the process of caring for the poor?
  67. The first "half" of Acts primarily focuses on what?
    The ministry of Peter to the Jews.
  68. The second "half" of Acts primarily focuses on what?
    The ministry of Paul to the gentiles.
  69. The story begins with God creating the world and human beings.
  70. Humans choose to rebel against God. Sin brings consequences: pain, suffering, death, and separation from God. All people and creation are affected.
  71. God chooses Abraham and establishes a covenant with him so that he might become the leader of a group of people who will follow God and call other people to follow God. God delights in using his people to bring the rest of the world to himself.
  72. Genesis tells the story of the patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel), and Joseph who ends up in Egypt. In Egypt the small group of Hebrews grows into a nation and ends up in slavery. God uses Moses to deliver his people through the exodus event.
    Calling Out
  73. God uses Joshua to help his people take the promised land (Canaan). After the conquest during the period of judges, God rules through judges in various parts of the land. This is a dark time for the Hebrews accentuated with sin, idolatry, and oppression.
  74. God's people acquire a king. Samuel is the link between the judges and the kings. Saul is the first king, followed by David and his son Solomon. God establishes a covenant with David, promising the Messiah will come through his family line and reign forever.
  75. After Solomon civil war breaks out leading to a division of the kingdom: Israel, the Northern Kingdom; Judah, the Southern Kingdom. There are numerous kings, some good but most bad.
    Kingdom Divided
  76. Israel (Northern Kingdom) is judged for the sin of breaking the covenant when Assyria conquers it in 722BC, and Judah receives a similar judgment later when Babylon conquers it in 586BC and takes Judah's people into exile.
  77. The people return from Babylonian exile under Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah. They rebuild the temple and focus on the word of God.
    Coming Home
  78. About four hundred years later, God send us his  Son, Jesus the Christ, to save his people from their sins, fulfilling the promise given to Abraham. Jesus is crucified, dies, is raised from the dead, and ascends into heaven to return again later.
  79. Those who accept Jesus become part of the church,the people of God made up of both Jews and Gentiles. God continues to use his people to extend his offer of salvation to a sinful world.
  80. God closes history with a final victory over evil. Those who have rejected God will suffer his judgment while those who have received him will live with him in a new heaven and new earth.