Ch. 7 Political Parties vocabulary

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Ch. 7 Political Parties vocabulary
2015-03-09 09:55:34
Ch. 7
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  1. political party
    a group of individuals who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine policy.
  2. realignment
    a process in which the popular support for and relative strength of the parties shift and the parties are reestablished with different coalitions of supporters.
  3. dealignment
    among voters, a growing detachment from both major political parties.
  4. minority party
    the political party that has fewer members in the legislature than the opposing party.
  5. majority party
    the political party that has more members in the legislature than the opposing party.
  6. coalition
    • an alliance of individuals or groups with a variety of interests and opinions who join together to support all or part of a political party
    • s platform.
  7. electorate
    all of the citizens eligible to vote in a given election.
  8. party identifier
    a person who identifies himself or herself as being a supporter of a particular political party.
  9. party activist
    a party member who helps to organize and oversee party functions and planning during and between campaigns, and may even become a candidate for office.
  10. solidarity
    mutual agreement among the members of a particular group.
  11. patronage
    a system of rewarding the party faithful and workers with government jobs or contracts.
  12. ward
    a local unit of a political party's organization, consisting of a division or district within a city.
  13. precinct
    a political district within a city, such as a block or a neighborhood, or a rural portion of a county; the smallest voting district at the local level.
  14. national convention
    the meeting held by each major party every four years to nominate presidential and vice-presidential candidates, write a party platform, and conduct other party business.
  15. party ticket
    a list of a political party's candidates for various offices. In national elections, the party ticket consists of the presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
  16. party platform
    the document drawn up by each party at its national convention that outlines the policies and positions of the party.
  17. national party committee
    the political party leaders who direct party business during the four years between the national party conventions, organize the next national convention, and play how to obtain a party victory in the next presidential election.
  18. national party chairperson
    an individual who serves as a political party's administrative head at the national level and directs the work of the party's national committee.
  19. two-party system
    a political system in which two strong and established parties compete for political offices.
  20. third party
    in the United States, any party other than one of the two major parties (Republican and Democratic.)