Anatomy: Regulatory Systems Test

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Anatomy: Regulatory Systems Test
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2016-03-11 14:08:41
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Anatomy lawrencem regulatory systems nervous endocrine
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Use these cards to study for the regulatory systems test in Anatomy at Kearney High School
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  1. part of nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord
    central
  2. part of nervous system that contains the cranial and spinal nerves
    peripheral nervous system
  3. part of the nervous system that contains motor neurons
    peripheral nervous system
  4. part of the nervous system that contains sensory neurons
    peripheral nervous system
  5. part of the nervous system that contains interneurons (association neurons)
    central nervous system
  6. part of a neuron that receives messages
    dendrites
  7. part of a neuron that sends messages
    axon
  8. the two divisions of the peripheral nervous system
    somatic and autonomic
  9. the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system
    sympathetic and parasympathetic
  10. order of neurons in a reflex arc
    sensory --> interneuron --> motor
  11. the ion inside a neuron at resting potential
    potassium (K+)
  12. ion outside the neuron at resting potential
    Sodium (Na+)
  13. type of active transport that releases neurotransmitters into the synapse
    exocytosis
  14. type of passive transport that allows neurotransmitters to cross the synapse
    diffusion
  15. lobe of the cerebrum responsible for sight
    occipital
  16. lobe of the cerebrum responsible for hearing, gustation and olfaction
    temporal
  17. lobe of the brain responsible for motor functions
    frontal
  18. lobe of the brain responsible for general sensation
    parietal
  19. another name for an afferent neuron
    sensory
  20. another name for efferent neuron
    motor
  21. type of receptor in skin that detects temperature
    thermoreceptor
  22. type of receptor in the skin that detects touch
    mechanoreceptro
  23. type of receptor in the skin that detects damage
    pain
  24. type of receptor responsible for gustation and olfaction
    chemoreceptor
  25. type of receptor in the retina of the eye
    photoreceptors (cones and rods)
  26. type of receptors in the cochlea, vestibule and semicircular canals of the ear
    mechanoreceptors
  27. most abundant neuroglial cell that repairs damage to the CNS, shaped like a star
    astrocyte
  28. Nueroglial cell that surrounds the axons of peripheral nerves to create a myelin sheath
    (insulation) for faster signal conduction.
    Schwann cells
  29. Neuroglial cell that surrounds the axons of central nerves to create a myelin sheath
    (insulation) for faster signal
    Oligodendrocytes
  30. Neuroglial cell that surrounds and regulates chemical levels around peripheral neurons.
    Satalite cells
  31. Smallest of the glial cells, phagocytic cells of the CNS.
    Microglial cells
  32. Smallest of the glial cells, phagocytic cells of the CNS.
    Ependymal cells
  33. Name the gland and the hormones produced by each part
    • Pituitary
    • Posterior - ADH, Oxytocin
    • Anterior - ACTH, LH, FSH, GH, Prolactin, TSH
  34. Name the gland and where each of the 3 hormones are secreted
    • Thyroid
    • follicle - T3 and T4
    • C cells - calcitonin
  35. Name the gland and the hormone it secretes
    Parathyroid - Parathyroid hormone
  36. Name the gland and label the regions and list the hormone it makes
    • Thymus - Thymosin
    • Cortex and Medulla
  37. Name the gland and label the regions
    • Adrenal
    • Medulla and Cortex
  38. Name the gland, label the endocrine region, names of cells and the hormones they secrete
    • Pancreas
    • Islet of Langerhans
    • red cells - alpha - glucagon
    • purple cells - beta - insulin
  39. Name the gland and the hormone it secretes
    Pineal - melatonin
  40. Name the gland and the hormones it secretes
    Testis -testosterone, progesterone, estrogen
  41. Name the gland, a follicle and the hormones it secretes
    Ovary - estrogen, progesterone, testosterone
  42. Label the following parts of the eye
    • A. lens
    • B. iris
    • C. cornea
    • D. sclera
    • E. retina
    • F. optic nerve
  43. Label the following parts of the ear
    • A. auditory canal
    • B. auditory ossicles
    • C. semicircular canals
    • D. pinna
    • E. tympanic membrane
    • F. eustacian tube
    • G. cochlea
    • H. auditory nerve
  44. type of gland that secretes hormones into the blood stream
    endocrine
  45. type of gland that secretes products through ducts to the outside outside of the body
    exocrine
  46. protein, peptide and amine hormones are all soluble in
    water
  47. steroid hormones are soluble in
    lipids (fat)
  48. type of hormone that can enter the cell through the cell membrane and target the nucleus
    lipid soluble (steroid)
  49. type of hormone that has receptors on the membrane of the target cell and relies on secondary messengers to get the message to the nucleus
    water soluble (protein, peptide and amine)
  50. three hormones regulated through positive feedback
    thymosin, prolactin, oxytocin
  51. Negative feedback loop for blood sugar
    Receptor/Control Center - 
    Effector -
    • Receptor/Control Center - pancreas
    • Effector - liver, body cells
  52. Negative feedback loop for blood calcium
    Receptor/Control Center - 
    Effector -
    • Receptor/Control Center - Thyroid/Parathyroid
    • Effector - Liver/Kidneys/Bones
  53. 3 ways hormone secretion can be contolled and example of glands for each
    • Hypothalamus/pituitary - adrenal cortex, thyroid, testes, ovaries
    • Nervous system - adrenal medulla
    • Substances in blood - thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas
  54. Causes of PTSD
    • Combat exposure
    • Child sexual or physical abuse
    • Terrorist attack
    • Sexual or physical assault
    • Serious accidents, like a car wreck
    • Natural disasters, like a fire, tornado, hurricane, flood, or earthquake
  55. List the responses to stress
    • Blood glucose, glycerol, and fatty acids increase
    • Heart and breathing rate increases
    • Blood pressure rises
    • Air passages and pupils dilate
    • Decreased digestion
    • Muscles tighten
    • Senses sharpen
  56. State the two categories of stressors
    physical and psychological
  57. Label the following glands
    • a. pineal
    • b. thyroid
    • c. parathyroid
    • d. adrenal
    • e. pituitary
    • f. thymus
    • g. pancreas
    • h. gonads

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