Bio 104 Fungi
Card Set Information
Bio 104 Fungi
Basic Fungi facts
-Do not perform photosynthesis. Are heterotrophs. Use enzymes to break down organic molecules. Then digests them later.
-Fungi consist of mycelia(strands), networks of branched hyphaeadapted for absorption.
-Most fungi have cell walls made of chitin
-are mutually beneficial relationships between fungi and plant roots.
-Ectomycorrhizal fungi has its hyphae over roots and in between cells.
-Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi extends hyphae into plant cells.
Fungi Sexual reproduction
Used to adapt to environments
Plasmogamy (fusion of cytoplast)
Karyogamy (fusion of nuclei)
Fungi asexual reproduction
Molds are visible mycelia
Some fungi like yeast undergo budding
Spores are released by mycelium which then germinate when suitable ground is found.
A clade of fungi, animals, and some protists.
-Produce zoospores. That are very resistant to conditions. Bread mold.
A club like structure called a basidium. Also called club fungi. Mushroom.
Fungi that live near or in water. Has sexual spores in a sac like asci that produces ascocarps.
Ecological functions of fungi
Decomposers and recyclers. Mutualistic relationships with plants (endophytes) such as protecting them from insects / toxins or breaking down objects. Termites have them for digestion.
A symbiotic association between a photosynthetic organism and a fungus (usually Ascomycete). Algae provides carbon while cyanobacteria provides nitrogen fungi provide environmental growth.
A fungal pathogen.
A genus of ascomycetes that inhibits bacterial wall synthesis.