PTA EXAM - Neuromuscular

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Author:
fnmason
ID:
298027
Filename:
PTA EXAM - Neuromuscular
Updated:
2015-03-10 00:27:38
Tags:
PTA Neuromuscular Physical Therapy
Folders:
PTA Board Exam
Description:
Predictable presentation related to hemisphere dominance; Function of key brain structures, lobes of cerebrum,
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  1. Left Hemisphere Injury
    • Right-sided sensory and motor deficits
    • Difficulty understanding and producing language, both written and spoken
    • Difficulty sequencing movements
    • Poor logical and rational thought
    • Slow, captious, anxious
    • Self-deprecating (To express disapproval of; deplore.)
  2. Right Hemisphere Injury
    • Left-sided sensory and motor deficits
    • Unable to understand nonverbal communication
    • Difficulty sustaining movements
    • Poor hand-eye coordination and kinesthetic awareness
    • Quick and impulsive
    • Overestimation of abilities
  3. Lobes of Cerebrum - Frontal
    • Primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus): responsible for voluntary movements on contralateral side of the body
    • Broca's area: motor components of speech
    • Cognition, judgment, attention, abstract thinking and emotional control
  4. Lobes of Cerebrum - Parietal
    • Primary sensory cortex (postcentral gyrus): integrates sensation from contralateral side of body
    • Short-term memory
    • Perception of touch, proprioception, pain and temperature sensations
  5. Lobes of Cerebrum - Temporal
    • Primary auditory cortex: receives auditory information
    • Associative auditory cortex: processing of auditory information
    • Wernicke's area: comprehension of spoken word
    • Long-term memory
    • Visual perception
    • Primary visual cortex: receives visual information
  6. Lobes of Cerebrum - Occipital
    Visual association cortex: processes visual information and applies meaning
  7. Medulla oblongata
    Medulla oblongata: contains centers of vital sign functioning of the cardiac, respiratory and vasomotor centers. It is responsible for the maintenance of consciousness and arousal.
  8. Hypothalamus
    Hypothalamus: critical for maintaining homeostasis. Controls primitive drives including those related to rage, aggression, emotion, thirst and hunger, as well as the sleep/wake cycle. Damage can also cause problems with  temperature, water and behavioral regulation.
  9. Basal ganglia
    Basal ganglia: regulates posture and muscle tone.
  10. Cerebellum
    Cerebellum: regulates maintenance of posture and voluntary movement control.
  11. Brainstem
    Brainstem: contains cranial nerve nuclei, damage can lead to a variety of cranial nerve dysfunctions.

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