Grade 10 IB science Chemistry Study Notes

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  1. The three types of compunds are...
    • Ionic
    • Polyatomic
    • Molecular
  2. Ionic compounds form when...
    Positively charged metals are attracted to negatively charged non-metals
  3. The rule for naming ionic compounds is...
    Metal first, then non-metal. Change ending of non-metal to "ide"
  4. When the overall charge of a compound is neutral...
    The charges of each component must equal 0
  5. Polyatomic compounds are...
    Compounds made up of 3 different atoms
  6. Something important to remember when writing the chemical formula of polyatomic compounds is...
  7. Some examples of polyatomic compounds are...
    NH4(NO3) = Ammonium Nitrate
  8. Ternary compounds usually have the ending have the ending...
  9. Some examples of polyatomic ions are...
    (OH)- =  hydroxide

    (NO3)- = nitrate

    (NH4)+ = ammonium
  10. Non-Metals may form compounds with other non-metals. In this case, the electrons are...
  11. When a bond is created between two non-metals sharing electrons, the compound is called...
    A molecular compound
  12. In a molecular compound, each atom is satisfied if...
    All it's electrons are paired through sharing
  13. The prefixes for molecular compound nomenclature are...
    • 1-Mono
    • 2-Di
    • 3-Tri
    • 4-Tetra
    • 5-Penta
  14. Chemical Reactions occur when...
    atoms in reactions are rearranged to form new compounds called products
  15. The 3 types of reaction equations are...
    • Word equations
    • Skeleton equations
    • Balanced equations
  16. An example of a word equation is...
    Aluminum+Sulpher---->Aluminum Sulphide
  17. An example of a skeleton equation is...
  18. An example of a balanced equation is...
  19. Some hints for balancing are...
    • Start with the atom that has the biggest subscript
    • balance elements that are by themselves last
    • Do not change subscripts
  20. The 5 types of chemical reactions are...
    • Synthesis 
    • Decomposition
    • Single Displacement
    • Double Displacement
    • Combustion
  21. Synthesis reactions are when...
    2 or more reactants combine to form a new product
  22. D
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Grade 10 IB science Chemistry Study Notes
2015-03-10 20:39:44
Nathan Bowman

The name says it all
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