413 vocab

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413 vocab
2015-03-11 02:15:50

413 midterm vocab
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  1. child directed speech (aka CDS/mothrese/baby talk)
    • speech addressed to language-learning infants and children:
    • short sentences
    • greater repetition/questioning
    • higher/more varied intonation
  2. domain specific knowledge (vs domain general knowledge)
    Knowledge specifically about human language
  3. domain general knowledge (vs. domain specific knowledge)
    Abilities that are useful for other kinds of input besides language input are used to learn language. There is no knowledge or ability that is unique to language learning.
  4. Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
    • unconscious process inside child’s mind, used only for learning language.
    • LAD contains some domain-specific knowledge about the structure of language (this is often called Universal Grammar (UG)).
  5. recasts
    will just give the child a good example of the correction, without straight-out correcting them. ex He runned! mom: yes, he ran fast!
  6. empiricism (vs. nativism)
    all knowledge and reason come from experience
  7. nativism (vs empiricism)
    mind has some pre-existing structure it imposes to interpret experience
  8. High Amplitude Sucking (HAS) procedure
    • a technique used to study infant perceptual abilities. Typically involves an infant's sucking rate as a measure of her attention to various stimuli.
    • Used for: testing infants’ ability to discriminate speech sounds
  9. discrimination task
  10. identification task
  11. voice onset time (VOT)
    a measure that describes the pint during the production of a speech sound at which vocal fold vibration (voicing) begins
  12. categorical perception
    refers to the failure to discriminate speech sounds any better than you can identify them

    or the inability to discriminate sounds within a phonemic category
  13. across-category perception
  14. within-category perception
  15. habituation (vs. dishabituation)
  16. dishabitutation (vs. habituation)
  17. production task
  18. verification task
  19. maintenance and loss theory
  20. functional reorganization theory
  21. babbling
  22. variegated babbling
  23. cooing
  24. jargon
  25. cv syllable
  26. lexicon
  27. referent
  28. semantic features
  29. fast mapping
  30. compositional semantics
  31. prototype theory
  32. graded membership in a category
    What it is:

    how is it part of prototype theory:
  33. context-bound
  34. noun bias
  35. word spurt
  36. productive vocabulary
  37. comprehension vocabulary
  38. whole-object assuption
  39. mutual exclusivity assuption
  40. whole-object assumption
  41. overextension (vs. underextention)
  42. underextension (vs. overextension)
  43. syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis
  44. basic level categories (vs. general level)
  45. general level categories (vs. basic level)