Nutrition Lecture 2

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Anonymous
ID:
298169
Filename:
Nutrition Lecture 2
Updated:
2015-03-11 12:17:30
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Nutrition
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N230
Description:
Questions from Nutrition Lecture 2 for midterm exam
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  1. What enzyme breaks down starch in the mouth?
    salivary amylase
  2. What enzyme breaks down proteins in the stomach?
    pepsin
  3. In what metabolic pathway are substances broken down to release energy?
    catabolic
  4. In what metabolic pathway are simple molecules combined to create more complex substances and requires energy?
    anabolic
  5. What are the three types of monosaccharides?
    • glucose
    • galactose
    • fructose
  6. What two monosaccharides make up sucrose?
    glucose and fructose
  7. What two monosaccharides make up lactose?
    glucose and galactose
  8. What two monosaccharides make up maltose?
    glucose and glucose
  9. What kind of CHO are made up of 3-10 monosaccharides?
    oligosaccharides
  10. What kind of CHO are made up of more than 10 monosaccharides?
    polysaccharides
  11. What kind of glycemic response refers to an individual food item?
    glycemic index
  12. What kind of glycemic response refers to the glycemic index x g CHO in food?
    glycemic load
  13. What type of fat contains no double bonds?
    saturated fat
  14. What type of fat contains double bonds?
    unsaturated fat
  15. What type of fat contains unsaturated fat with the H in the trans position?
    trans fatty acid
  16. What type of lipoproteins transport cholesterol to the cells?
    Low density lipoproteins (LDLs, bad cholesterol)
  17. What type of lipoproteins take cholesterol from the cells to liver to be eliminated?
    high density lipoproteins (HDLs, good cholesterol)
  18. What condition occurs when there is protein deficiency and occurs mostly in kids?
    kwashiorkor
  19. What condition occurs when there is a protein and energy deficiency?
    marasmus
  20. What is the protein that all proteins are measured against called?
    reference protein, chicken egg is considered 1

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