Nutrition Lecture 3

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hchristensen
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298170
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Nutrition Lecture 3
Updated:
2015-03-11 12:40:57
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Nutrition
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N230
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Questions from Nutrition Lecture 3 for midterm exam
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  1. What is vitamin B1 also called?
    thiamin
  2. What is vitamin B2 also called?
    riboflavin
  3. What is the deficiency of riboflavin called?
    ariboflavinosis
  4. What vitamin is important in energy-yielding reactions in the body?
    thiamin
  5. What vitamin forms coenzymes FAD and FMN involved in citric acid cycle and electron transport chain?
    riboflavin
  6. What is vitamin B3 also called?
    niacin
  7. What vitamin is involved in the production of ATP as the coenzymes NAD and NADP?
    niacin (B3)
  8. What vitamin is a coenzyme involved in adding COOh to molecules during metabolism of CHO, fats, and proteins?
    biotin
  9. What is part of the acetyl-CoA citric acid cycle and is involved in cholesterol synthesis?
    pantothenic acid
  10. What is vitamin B6 also called?
    pyridoxine
  11. What vitamin is a coenzyme especially important in protein and AA metabolism?
    pyridoxine (B6)
  12. What is a coenzyme involved in the synthesis of DNA and AA metabolism?
    folate (folic acid)
  13. What vitamin maintains myelin, and is involved in fatty acid and AA metabolism?
    vitamin B12
  14. What vitamin is involved in the synthesis and maintenance of connective tissue, is an antioxidant, and is involved in immune function?
    vitamin C
  15. What vitamin is involved in the perception of light, cell differentiation, maintenance of epithelial tissue, reproduction, growth, and immunity?
    vitamin A
  16. What vitamin maintains calcium and phosphorus levels in blood, involved in parathyroid gland functioning, immune system regulator, roles in
    preventing cancer?
    vitamin D
  17. What is vitamin E also called?
    tocopherol
  18. What vitamin is an antioxidant and protects cell membranes?
    vitamin E
  19. What vitamin is a coenzyme involved in production of blood clotting protein prothrombin, and is involved in bone mineralization and demineralization?
    vitamin K
  20. What mineral is involved in bone and tooth structure, nerve transmission, blood clotting, muscle contraction, and hormone secretion?
    calcium
  21. What mineral is involved in bone and teeth structure, part of DNA and RNA, and involved in energy metabolism?
    phosphorus
  22. What mineral is involved in bone structure, regulates calcium homeostasis, and is a cofactor for 300+ enzymes?
    magnesium
  23. What mineral is involved in protein synthesis and detoxifying drugs?
    sulfur
  24. What mineral is involved in oxygen delivery to cells and is part of both hemoglobin and myoglobin and is involved in ATP?
    iron
  25. What mineral protects cells
    from free radicals, involved in synthesis of DNA & RNA, CHO metabolism, needed for growth and repair of tissues?
    zinc
  26. What mineral is involved in iron and lipid metabolism, connective tissue synthesis, and immune system functioning?
    copper
  27. What mineral is involved in AA, CHO, and cholesterol metabolism, cartilage formation, and urea synthesis?
    manganese
  28. What mineral is an antioxidant and is needed for the synthesis of thyroid hormones?
    selenium
  29. What mineral enhances the effect of insulin?
    chromium
  30. What mineral is an enzyme cofactor involved with DNA and RNA synthesis and production of uric acid?
    molybdenum

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