N257 Week 3

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hchristensen
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298188
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N257 Week 3
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2015-03-11 16:25:26
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N257
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Questions from N257 Week 3 for the midterm exam
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  1. What is the term for a formal, objective, systematic process using numerical data to obtain information?
    quantitative research
  2. What is the purpose of quantitative research?
    Used to describe, examine relationships, predict, and determine cause and effect
  3. What is the philosophical origin of quantitative research?
    logical positivism (based on rules and laws)
  4. What is the focus of quantitative research?
    concise, objective, reductionistic
  5. What is the reasoning of quantitative research?
    deductive (take large complex situation and tries to understand a smaller piece of it)
  6. What is the term for striving for excellence in research and adherence to detail and involves using strategies to assure maximal internal and external validity?
    rigor
  7. What is the term for when the situation is manipulated to decrease the possibility of error and increases the likelihood that the findings are accurate?
    control
  8. What type of quantitative research involves discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information?
    descriptive research
  9. What type of quantitative research is a systematic investigation of relationships between or among variables, but does not determine cause and effect?
    correlational research
  10. What is the term for when as one variable increases, so does the other?
    positive correlation
  11. What is the term for when as one variable increases, the other decreases?
    negative correlation
  12. What type of quantitative research determines causal relationships but has less control over manipulation of the treatment, management of the setting, and selection of the subjects?
    quasi-experimental research
  13. What type of quantitative research examines causality between dependent and independent variables under controlled conditions?
    experimental research
  14. What is the term for the overarching clinical issue that the study is trying to learn about?
    problem
  15. What is the term for the issue that you want to address during the study?
    purpose
  16. What is the term for what describes what is known and demonstrates that there is a knowledge gap that the proposed research will address?
    literature review
  17. When does the literature review for qualitative research occur?
    after the study is done to reduce bias
  18. What is the term for the theoretical basis for the study and allows linkage of findings to previous knowledge?
    theoretical framework
  19. What is the term for the goals of the research, is what you're trying to accomplish, is more specific than the purpose, and discusses variables and relationships between variables?
    objectives/aims
  20. What is the term for a question that is explored via the research process and is used when there is insufficient evidence to support a predictive statement (hypothesis)?
    research question
  21. What is the term for a prediction about the future that is tested via the research process and is used when there is adequate theory or other evidence from prior work to support making a prediction?
    hypothesis
  22. What is the term for the concepts that are measured, manipulated, or controlled in a study?
    variables
  23. What type of variable is the treatment of intervention?
    independent variable
  24. What type of variable is the outcome of the treatment/intervention?
    dependent variable
  25. What type of variable interferes with relationships between I and D variables and can be decreased or controlled?
    extraneous variable
  26. What are extraneous variables that are not or cannot be controlled called?
    confounding variable
  27. What is the term for statements that are taken for granted or are considered true, even though not scientifically tested?
    assumptions
  28. What is the term for restrictions that threaten the internal and external validity?
    limitations
  29. What is the term for the credibility of the findings?
    internal validity
  30. What is the term for the generalizability?
    external validity
  31. What is the term for the study blueprint that maximizes control over factors that could interfere with the study's desired outcome?
    design
  32. What is the term for laboratory/bench research that is not done in humans, common focus may be on physiology, and precedes applied/clinical research?
    basic research
  33. What is the term for research applied to humans in real-life clinical settings?
    applied research

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