N257 Midterm Jeopardy

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N257 Midterm Jeopardy
2015-03-11 19:43:54
N257 Midterm
Questions from N257 Midterm Jeopardy for the midterm exam
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  1. What type of study examines the association between food texture and swallowing dysfunction?
  2. What type of design is used in the following study?
    Data were collected at University of Michigan
    Health System from a group of 20 nursing staff members. Open-ended interviews were used to collect narrative data.
    descriptive/qualitative study
  3. What type of research approach
    focuses on learning about the
    meaning of humans’ lived
  4. What type of qualitative research is
    used to create theory regarding how
    people deal with life situations (their
    reality) based on actions and symbols
    that reveal a person’s beliefs?
    grounded theory
  5. What type of qualitative research can
    help us see how the roles of nurses
    vary across cultures?
  6. What are the components of an
    experimental study (4 items)?
    • Manipulation of an intervention
    • Control over extraneous variables
    • Control Group
    • Randomization
  7. A limitation of a retrospective study
    is…(give at least one answer)?
    • Lack of control, manipulation of an
    • intervention, and randomization so
    • that cause/effect relationships may
    • be determined.
  8. Using a standardized survey, the
    researcher reports the anxiety scores
    of adolescent diabetics who must selfadminister
    insulin during school hours.
    What type of study is this?
    quantitative study
  9. This type of study is almost
    experimental. It lacks a control group.
    quasi-experimental design
  10. This threat to internal validity occurs
    when too many patients drop out of
    the study.
  11. This threat to internal validity occurs
    when the outcome of interest
    improves over time just because the
    patient's condition naturally improves.
    The patient’s improvement could be
    falsely attributed to the intervention.
  12. The researcher claims that her crosssectional
    study will show improvements in
    pain over time. What is the main threat to
    internal validity in this case?
    • Cross-sectional studies cannot examine
    • changes over time because data are
    • collected only at one time point.
  13. This type of variable really screwed up
    the research findings because the
    researcher forgot to measure or
    control for it.
  14. What variable types are used in
    outcomes research (3 items)?
    structure, process, and outcomes variables
  15. The researcher wants to know if eating
    chocolate causes claustrophobia.
    What type of variable is “eating
    independent variable
  16. Which of the following is not a demographic
     Patient age
     Gender
     Quality of Life Scores
     Educational Level
    Quality of Life Scores.
  17. This type of variable could have
    interfered with the relationship
    between the dependent and
    independent variables, but the
    researcher controlled for it.
    extraneous variable
  18. A meta-analysis provides what level of
    scientific evidence?
    Level 1
  19. What is the level of evidence
    provided by a study that examines
    whether specific variables predict
    outcomes in a cohort of patients that
    are followed over time?
    Level 4
  20. What is the level of evidence
    provided by systematic review of
    qualitative or descriptive studies?
    Level 5
  21. What main components should be
    addressed in a research article?
    • Problem and Purpose
    • Literature Review
    • Study Framework
    • Objectives/Aims, Questions, or Hypotheses
    • Variables
  22. Researchers sometimes use this to
    describe the big picture of how the
    research variables all fit together.
    theoretical framework
  23. Name the components of evidence-based
    practice: There are several correct answers.
    Give one.
    • Research evidence
    • The patient’s situation and clinical
    • condition
    • The patient’s preference
    • Clinical expertise
    • Health care resources
  24. When there is a lot known about a
    topic, the researcher typically uses this
    to describe the predicted relationship
    between variables.
  25. What are the components of a
    “purpose statement”?
    • Variables
    • Population
    • Setting
  26. The nurse should know how to find
    and evaluate research evidence
    because . . .
    • The nurse should use the best
    • research evidence to guide
    • clinical practice.