Imaging Procedures Abdomen & GI studies

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Imaging Procedures Abdomen & GI studies
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2015-03-12 17:39:11
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Imaging Procedures
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Imaging Procedures
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  1. The ileocecal valve normally is located in which of the following body regions?




     
    Right iliac 



     
    Left iliac 



     
    Right lumbar 



     
    Hypogastric
    •  
    • Right iliac
  2. The abdomen is divided into nine regions. The upper lateral regions are the left and right _________, with the _______ separating them.
    • hypochondriac 
    • epigastric
  3. The abdomen is divided into nine regions. The middle lateral regions are the left and right____, with the ____ region between them. 
    •  lumbar
    •  umbilical
  4. The abdomen is divided into nine regions. The lower lateral regions are the left and right ____ with the ______ region between them.
    • iliac
    • , hypogastric
  5. The structure indicated by the number 2 in Figure 6–11 is the




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology






     
    ascending colon. 



     
    descending colon. 



     
    transverse colon. 



     
    sigmoid colon.
    descending colon. 
  6. Compared with that of the hypersthenic and sthenic body types, the gallbladder of an asthenic patient is most likely to be located




     
    higher and more medial 



     
    lower and more medial 



     
    higher and more lateral 



     
    lower and more lateral
    •  
    • lower and more medial
  7. Which of the following positions is obtained with the patient lying supine on the radiographic table with the CR directed horizontally to the iliac crest?




     
    Left lateral decubitus position 



     
    Right lateral decubitus position 



     
    Ventral decubitus position 



     
    Dorsal decubitus position
    •  
    • Dorsal decubitus position
  8. Which of the following positions can be used to effectively demonstrate the left colic flexure during radiographic examination of the large bowel?

    1. RAO

    2. LAO

    3. RPO






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  9. Which of the following positions may be used to effectively demonstrate the hepatic flexure during radiographic examination of the large bowel?















    1. RAO
    2. LAO
    3. LPO






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    • 1 and 3 only
  10. To demonstrate esophageal varices, the patient must be examined in




     
    the recumbent position. 



     
    the erect position. 



     
    the anatomic position. 



     
    Fowler's position.
    •  
    • the recumbent position
  11. The radiograph pictured in Figure A may be used to evaluate

    Figure A. Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.















    1. polypoid lesions.
    2. the lateral wall of the descending colon.
    3. the posterior wall of the rectum.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  12. During an air-contrast BE, in what part of the colon is air most likely to be visualized with the body in the AP recumbent position?




     
    Transverse colon 



     
    Descending colon 



     
    Ascending colon 



     
    Left and right colic flexures
    •  
    •  
    • Transverse colon 
    • During a double-contrast BE, barium and air will distribute themselves according to the position of parts of the colon within the body and according to body position. When the body is in the AP recumbent position, the most anterior structures will be air filled. Anterior structures include the transverse colon and a portion of the sigmoid colon. Both flexures would be air filled in the erect position.
  13. The patient usually is required to drink barium sulfate suspension in order to demonstrate which of the following structures?

    1. Descending duodenum

    2. Ilium

    3. Splenic flexure






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    3 only
    •  
    • 1 only
  14. Another name for Hirschsprung's disease, the most common cause of lower GI obstruction in neonates, is




     
    intussusception. 



     
    volvulus. 



     
    congenital megacolon. 



     
    pyloric stenosis.
    •  
    •  
    • congenital megacolon.
  15. During an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination, the AP recumbent projection of a stomach of average shape will usually demonstrate















    1. anterior and posterior aspects of the stomach.
    2. barium-filled fundus.
    3. double-contrast body and antral portions.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  16. In which of the following positions was the radiograph in Figure 2–9 taken?




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.






     
    RPO 



     
    LPO 



     
    AP axial 



     
    Right lateral decubitus
    •  
    • RPO
  17. What is the structure indicated by the number 8 in Figure 2–18?








     
    Common hepatic duct 



     
    Common bile duct 



     
    Cystic duct 



     
    Pancreatic duct
    •  
    •  
    • Common bile duct
  18. what is #5 
    hepatic ducts
  19. what is #6 
    common hepatic duct 
  20. What is #7 
    cystic duct
  21. What is #2 
    fundus
  22. what Is #9 
    pancreatic duct
  23. What is #1 
    duodenum 
  24. What is the position of the gallbladder in an asthenic patient?




     
    Superior and medial 



     
    Superior and lateral 



     
    Inferior and medial 



     
    Inferior and lateral
    •  
    •  
    • Inferior and medial
  25. A flat and upright abdomen is requested on an acutely ill patient, to demonstrate the presence of air-fluid levels. Because of the patient's condition, the x-ray table can be tilted upright only 70° (rather than the desired 90°). How should the central ray be directed?




     
    Perpendicular to the IR 



     
    Parallel to the floor 



     
    20° caudad 



     
    20° cephalad
    •  
    •  
    • Parallel to the floor
  26. The type of ileus characterized by cessation of peristalsis is termed




     
    mechanical 



     
    paralytic 



     
    asymptomatic 



     
    sterile
    •  
    • paralytic
  27. All the following statements regarding large bowel radiography are trueexcept




     
    the large bowel must be completely empty prior to examination. 



     
    retained fecal material can obscure pathology. 



     
    single-contrast studies help to demonstrate intraluminal lesions. 



     
    double-contrast studies help to demonstrate mucosal lesions.
    •  
    •  
    • single-contrast studies help to demonstrate intraluminal lesions.

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