Psych Test 1

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Dnuorgrednu2
ID:
298458
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Psych Test 1
Updated:
2015-03-15 14:39:58
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Psych Test
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Psych Test 1
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  1. Research Methods
    Experimental, Correlation, Descriptive
  2. Experimental Method
    • Random Assignment, manipulation
    • Can show causality
    • Theory Testing
  3. Correlation Method
    • Can't show cause and effect.
    • Can study things that you cannot assign groups to like trauma
    • Shows resemblance but not causality
  4. Descriptive Method
    • Made up of case study, survey, and naturalistic observation
    • Theory Building
  5. Case Study
    • Describe whats going on (theory)
    • Part of descriptive method
  6. Survey
    • Sampling (where they get #'s from) biased or representative 
    • Part of descriptive method
  7. Naturalistic Observation
    • Reactivity
    • Part of descriptive method
  8. Empiricism
    Knowledge is based on experience and science should rely on observation and experimentation.
  9. Structuralism
    • Understand the structural
    • elements of the mind through self-reflective introspection;
    • unreliable from person to person, unexplainable – the why we do what we do can’t be answered
  10. Functionalism
    • How mental and behavioral processes
    • function
  11. Early Psychology
    • Socrates, Descartes, Plato (dualism)
    • Aristotle, Locke (Monism)
  12. Science of Psycology
    Trying to understand why we do what we do
  13. Synaptic Transmission
    Agonist and antagonist
  14. Agonist
    Something that functions like a neurotransmitter
  15. Antagonist
    Something that has the opposite function of a neurotransmitter
  16. Acetylcholine ATCH
    • Movement and memory are the main functions
    • When not enough you get alzheimers
  17. Norepinephrine
    • Sleep, learning, mood if normal
    • Depression if malfunction
  18. Seratonin
    • Mood, appetite, aggression if normal
    • Depression if malfunction
  19. Dopmaine
    • Movement, reward when normal
    • Parkinsons or schitzophernia if malfunction
  20. GABA
    • Movement if normal
    • Huntingtons or epilepsy if malfunction
  21. Glutamine
    • Memory
    • Neuron loss after stroke if malfunction
  22. Cerebral Cortex
    Lateralization - Contralateral
  23. Right Hemisphere
    • Good at emotion, art, creativity
    • Spatial ability
    • Holistic
  24. Left Hemisphere
    Good with logic, math, language, linear problem solving, analytical abilities
  25. Spatial Ability
    • Navigate in 3d space or look at it and appreciate the whole thing.
    • Like tetris predicting how objects are going to be
  26. Holistic
    Looks at things as a whole
  27. Corpus Callosum
    Left and right side of the brain communicate together
  28. Plasticity
    Adaptability of the brain
  29. Pons
    • Located in the brain stem
    • Responsible for sleep and respiration
  30. Medulla Oblangata
    Controls the heart beat, it also controls circulation and breathing
  31. Reticular Formation
    • Responsible for basic arousal like waking up
    • If not working then you are in a coma
  32. Cerebellum
    • The 6th sense which is proprioceptive sense (sense of balance)
    • How your body is arranged in 3d space even when you cannot see
  33. Hippocampus
    Contains all the autobiographical memories
  34. Amygdala
    Where the negative emotions come from, it's like an alarm when faced with a threat
  35. Thalamus
    • A relay station
    • Relay's impulses from one place of the brain to the next
  36. Hypothalamus
    • Involved in drives like sexual, survival, etc.
    • Origin of the fight or flight
  37. Visual Cortex
    Responsible for vision
  38. Somatosensory Cortex
    • Refers to touch
    • Responsible for feeling pain, temp, etc.
  39. Motor Cortex
    Enables all the movements that are connected to the cortex
  40. Auditory Cortex
    Refers to hearing
  41. Association Cortex
    • This is where the thinking happens
    • Planning, making associations, etc
  42. Prefrontal Cortex
    • The boss of the brain and is not completely developed till like 21-22
    • This is where the judgement happens

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