Medical Terminology Chapter 10 & 11

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Medical Terminology Chapter 10 & 11
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Medical Terminology Chapter 10 11
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Medical Terminology Chapter 10 & 11
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  1. eyestrain
    asthenopia
  2. involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the eye causing uncontrolled blinking and lid squeezing
    blepharospasm
  3. double vision
    diplopia
  4. abnormal protrusion of one or both eyeballs
    exophthalmos or exophthalmus
  5. secretion of tears
    lacrimation
  6. involuntary, rapid, oscillating movement of the eyeball
    nystagmus
  7. extreme sensitivity to, and discomfort from, light
    photophobia
  8. blind spot in vision
    scotoma
  9. defects in the bending of light as it enters the eye, causing an improper focus on the retina
    refractive errors
  10. distorted vision caused by an oblong or cylindrical curvature of the lends or cornea that prevents light rays from coming to a single focus on the retina
    astigmatism
  11. farsightedness; difficulty seeing close objects when light rays are focused on a point behind the retina
    hyperopia
  12. nearsightedness; difficulty seeing distant objects when light rays are focused on a point in front of the retina
    myopia
  13. impaired vision caused by old age or loss of accommodation
    presbyopia
  14. ability of the eye to adjust focus on near objects
    accommodation
  15. decreased vision in early life because of a functional defect that can occur as a result of strabismus, refractive errors, or trauma; usually occurs in one eye; also known as lazy eye
    amblyopia
  16. absence of the lens, usually after cataract extraction
    aphakia
  17. inflammation of the eyelid
    blepharitis
  18. baggy eyelid; overabundance and loss of skin elasticity on the upper eyelid causing a fold of skin to hang down over the edge of the eyelid when the eyes are open
    blepharochalasis or dermatochalasis
  19. drooping of the eyelid; usually caused by paralysis
    blepharoptosis or ptosis
  20. chronic nodular inflammation of a meibomian gland, usually the result of a blocked duct; commonly present as swelling on the upper or lower eyelid
    chalazion
  21. opaque clouding of the lends causing decreased vision
    cataract
  22. pinkeye; inflammation of the conjunctiva
    conjunctivitis
  23. inflammation of the lacrimal gland
    dacryoadenitis
  24. inflammation of the tear sac
    dacryocystitis
  25. disease of the retina in diabetics characterized by capillary leakage, bleeding, and new vessel formation leading to scarring and loss of vision
    diabetic retinopathy
  26. outward turning of the rim of the eyelid
    ectropion
  27. inward turing of the rim of the eyelid
    entropion
  28. abnormal overflow of tears caused by blockage of the lacrimal duct
    epiphora
  29. group of disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure that results in damage to the optic nerve, producing defects in vision
    glaucoma
  30. sty; an acute infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid
    hordeolum
  31. inflammation of the iris
    iritis
  32. inflammation of the cornea
    keratitis
  33. breakdown or thinning of the tissues in the macula, resulting in partial or complete loss of central vision
    macular degeneration
  34. an eye in which the natural lens is replaced with an artificial lens implant
    pseudophakia
  35. fibrous, wing-shaped growth of conjunctival tissue that extends onto the cornea, developing most commonly from prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light
    pterygium
  36. separation of the retina from the underlying epithelium, disrupting vision and resulting in blindness if not repaired surgically
    retinal detachment
  37. inflammation of the retina
    retinitis
  38. a condition of eye misalignment caused by intraocular muscle imbalance
    strabismus or heterotropia
  39. right or left eye deviates inward, toward nose
    esotropia
  40. right or left eye deviates outwards, away from nose
    exotropia
  41. inflammation of the sclera
    scleritis
  42. misdirected eyelashes that rub on the conjunctiva or cornea
    trichiasis
  43. small, plastic, curved disk with optical correction that fits over the cornea; used to correct refractive errors
    contact lens
  44. introduction of a medicated solution in the eye, usually administered by a drop or drops in the affected eye or eyes
    eye instillation
  45. washing of the eye with water or other fluid
    eye irrigation
  46. antimicrobial agent in solution; used to treat bacterial infections
    antibiotic ophthalmic solution
  47. agent that paralyzes the ciliary muscle and the powers of accommodation; commonly used in pediatric eye examinations
    cycloplegic
  48. agent that causes dilation of the pupil; used for certain eye examinations
    mydriatic
  49. agent that causes the pupil to contract
    miotic
  50. earache
    otalgia or otodynia
  51. bleeding from the ear
    otorrhagia
  52. purulent drainage from the ear
    otorrhea
  53. a jingling; a ringing or buzzing in the ear
    tinnitus
  54. a turning round; dizziness
    vertigo
  55. inflammation of the external auditory meatus
    otitis externa
  56. excessive buildup of wax in the ear that often reduces hearing acuity, especially in elderly persons
    cerumen impaction
  57. inflammation of the eardrum
    myringitis or tympanitis
  58. inflammation of the middle ear
    otitis media
  59. inflammation of the middle ear from changes in atmospheric pressure; often occurs with frequent air travel
    aerotitis media
  60. blockage of the eustachian tube, usually as a result of infection as in otitis media
    eustachian obstruction
  61. hardening of the bony tissue in the ear
    otosclerosis
  62. benign tumor on the auditory nerve that causes vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss
    acoustic neuroma
  63. inflammation of the labyrinth
    labyrinthitis
  64. disorder of the inner ear resulting from an excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid, causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss
    Meniere disease
  65. general term for partial or complete loss of hearing
    deafness
  66. hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles
    conductive hearing loss
  67. hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve
    sensorineural hearing loss
  68. combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss
    mixed hearing loss
  69. hearing impairment in old age
    presbyacusis or presbycusis
  70. an internal or external device that improves or substitutes for natural hearing
    auditory prosthesis
  71. an external amplifying device designed to improve hearing by more effective collection of sound into the ear
    hearing aid
  72. an electronic device implanted in the cochlea that provides sound perception to patients with sever or profound sensorineural hearing loss in both ears
    cochlear implant
  73. irrigation of the eternal ear canal, often to remove excessive buildup of cerumen
    ear lavage
  74. introduction of a medicated solution into the external canal, usually administered by drop or drops in the affected ears
    ear instillation
  75. a drug that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms; used to treat diseases caused by bacteria
    antibiotic
  76. a drug that blocks the effects of histamine
    antihistamine
  77. a regulatory body substance released in allergic reactions, causing swelling and inflammation of tissues; seen in hay fever and urticaria
    histamine
  78. a drug that reduces inflammation
    antiinflammatory
  79. a drug that reduces congestion and swelling of membranes, such as those of the nose and eustachian tube in an infection
    decongestant

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