Test 2 Texas Govt

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Hfowler51
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298551
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Test 2 Texas Govt
Updated:
2015-03-16 17:22:58
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Government
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  1. Organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices
    Political party
  2. What functions do political parties perform and which is the most important?
    • 1. parties provide a label (most important)
    • 2. under which candidates run for offices
    • 3. with which voters can identify
    • 4.parties affiliation determines the govt.'s organization once candidates have been elected
  3. degree to which Republicans have become more conservative and democrats have become more liberal
    partisan or political polarization
  4. What 2 main points discussed concerning public attitudes about parties
    • -Texans increasingly identify as independent
    • - Republican party controls state government
  5. Process by which political beliefs and values are shaped by parents, teachers, social groups, religious groups and education.
    political socialization
  6. what is the state divided into?
    precincts (most local voting districts)
  7. 2 types of political party organization
    permanent and temporary
  8. Highest Tempory political party organization
    State conventions
  9. 3 third party examples
    • 1. Dixiecrats
    • 2. La Raza Unida-independent latino movement
    • 3. Libertarian
  10. single member district, plurality rule systems tend to produce two-party systems
    Duverger's Law
  11. under proportional representation rules multiparty systems are encouraged
    Duverger's Hypothesis
  12. Third parties have a greater chance of success under what?
    proportional representation
  13. want to limit influence of Wall street/big business
    Occupy Movement
  14. greatest influence on TX politics
    Tea party
  15. Why was the primary often more important than the general election during Tx time as a one-party state?
    In a one-party state, primary winner=general election winner
  16. Conservative Democrats
    Blue Dog
  17. Intraparty disputes split members into different groups called factions.
    party disunity
  18. disputes between liberals and conservatives within the party
    Democratic dominant party
  19. Republican dominant party
    Religious conservatives vs Economic Conservatives
  20. Urban vs rural
    • cities become more democratic
    • rural areas strongly republicans
  21. Hispanics are traditionally __?
    Growth suggests a ____ for the party.
    low voter turnout has ____.
    • -democratic
    • -potential resurgence
    • -lessened influence
  22. Election are the mechanisms people use to: 3 things
    • 1. select leaders
    • 2. authorize actions by government
    • 3. borrow money on behalf of government
  23. 6 types of elections
    • 1. primary
    • 2. General
    • 3. City
    • 4. School board
    • 5. Special
    • 6. bond
  24. ___ areheld to select a partys candidate for the general election. if no candidate receives an absolute majority (50% +1 vote) vote during the primary,  there is a ____
    • primary
    • runoff primary
  25. Tx primaries are considered ___ but they operate as ___.
    closed; open
  26. the decisive election that determines who is elected to office
    general
  27. 3 topics in Special elections
    • 1. vacancy
    • 2. borrow money
    • 3. amendments
  28. 3 reasons it is unusual for independents to run for office in TX?
    • 1. lack the support of a majority party
    • 2. lack organization
    • 3. lack advantage of having a party label- a brand name
  29. 1918 Tx granted women the right to vote in _____ only and not general elections.
    primaries/party conventions
  30. state tax imposed on voters for registration
    poll tax
  31. 4 ways of limited minority voting
    • 1. Early registration
    • 2. property ownership
    • 3. residency requirements
    • 4. Courts struck all down as violations of the 14th amendment
  32. A voter must be:4 things
    • 1. 18 yr
    • 2. a US citizen
    • 3. a Tx resident for 30 days
    • 4. a county resident for 30 days
  33. 2 groups that cannot vote
    current convicted felons and mentally ill
  34. 5 reasons were given to explain why voter turnout is low in tx
    • 1. low per capita income/high poverty rates
    • 2. low education levels
    • 3. Weak political party
    • 4. Young population
    • 5. Number of elections/lack of advertising
  35. 2 methods to increase voter turnout
    • 1. early voting
    • 2. motor-voter law

    registrations have increased, turnout remains low
  36. the attitudes that people have about issues, events, elected officials, politics and policy.
    Public Opinion
  37. recalculating how many congressional districts each state will receive  based on the states population
    Reapportionment
  38. legislature draws new congressional districts to comply with the changes in the overall number of seats allowed in the state.
    Redistricting
  39. Campaigns involve attempts to reach voters through: 5 things
    • 1. print and electronic media
    • 2. mailings
    • 3. door to door campaigning
    • 4. speeches to small groups
    • 5. telephone solicitation
  40. what accounts for the most significant campaign investments
    Media expenses
  41. One effect of the high cost of campaigns in TX is that candidates are often__
    very wealthy individuals willing to use their own money in campaigns
  42. Interest groups:
    Political Parties:
    policies; personnel
  43. The grange
    Farmers
  44. pro business groups dominated Tx politics;
    The Lobby
  45. 4 ways policymakers benefit from interest groups?
    • 1. information and expertise-especially valuable
    • 2. campaign funds
    • 3. voter mobilization
    • 4. voter educatin
  46. 4 advantages interest groups have over private citizens
    • 1. time
    • 2. money
    • 3. expertise
    • 4. continuity
  47. The interest group practice of combining campaign contributions from several individuals into one group to increase the groups impact on the candidate
    Bundling
  48. focus on narrow policy concerns
    single issue groups
  49. concerned with a number of policy areas
    Multi-issue
  50. 3 methods do lobbyists use to gain access to TX policymakers
    entertain;personal relationships; former politicians
  51. 3 interests are often not well represented.
    • 1. consumer issues
    • 2. enviornment
    • 3. human services
  52. 6 techniques that lobbyist use to influence the decisions of policymakers
    • 1. Campaign funding
    • 2. Getting out eh vote
    • 3. Supporting incumbents
    • 4.Defeating Opponents
    • 5.get on the late train
    • 6. Contribute to both candidates
  53. The act of pleading or arguing in favor of something, such as a cause, idea or policy; active support
    issue advocacy
  54. PAC
    Private groups that raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns
  55. Andres Correa
    No strong interest group opposition

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